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ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01738 7975 



GENEALOGY 
976.9 
K41AR 
V.20, 
NO. 58 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/registerofkentuc20kent_1 



THE REGISTER 

of the 

Kentucky 

State 
Historical 



Society 

FRANKFORT, KENTUCKY 




January, 1922 



Vol. 20. 



No. 58. 




GENERAL LAFAYETTE 
(From portrait by Matthew H. Jouett.) 




{■&T1 
(From portrait I : JouettO 



THE REGISTER 



OF THE 



Kentucky State Historical Society 



FRANKFORT, KENTUCKY 




Subscription, Yearly, $2.00 

Current Number 75c Per Copy 
Back Numbers, $1.00 Per Copy 



Vol. 20. 



No. 58. 



v> 






OFFICERS 

of the 

KENTUCKY STATE HISTORICAL 
SOCIETY 



Governor of Kentucky....President Ex-Officio 

H. V. McChesney First Vice President 

Mrs. Lister Witherspoon, 

Second Vice President 
Major Edgar E. Hume 

Honorary Vice President 



Mrs. Jouett Taylor Cannon Secy-Treas. 



Lt. Governor Thruston Ballard, 

Honorary Vice President 
Mrs. Annie E. Miles, 

Honorary Vice President 

Mrs. Mary C. Haycraft .Librarian 

William E. Railey Assistant Librarian 



Major Edgar E. Hume 
Mrs. Jouett T. Cannon 
Mrs. George Baker 
Mrs. J. P. Hobson 
Mrs. Lister Witherspoon 



THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
H. V. McChesney, Chairman 



Mr. R. C. Ballard Thruston 
Mrs. W. T. Lafferty 
Mr. Lucien Beckner 
Mr. J. Swigert Taylor 
Mrs. W. H. Whitley 



SUBSCRIPTIONS. 



Subscriptions must be sent by check, or money order. All communications for The 
Register should be addressed to H. V. McChesney, Editor, Frankfort, Kentucky. 



H. V. McCHESNEY, Editor and Business Manager. 
MRS. JOUETT T. CANNON, Associate Editor. 



TO SUBSCRIBERS. 

If your copy of The Register is not received promptly please advise us. It is is- 
sued in January, May and September. 

Entered as second class matter September 17, 1919, at the Post Office at Frankfort, Ken- 
tucky, under the Act of August 24, 1912. 



JOUETT'S PORTRAIT OF LAFAYETTE. 



We are showing as our frontispiece a 
copy of the portrait of General Lafay- 
ette which was painted from life by 
Matthew H. Jouett in 1825. 

This portrait, because of the combina- 
tion of subject and artist, and the fact 
that it was painted from life, is perhaps 
the most valuable relic in the possession 
of the Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety. Through the sagging of the can- 
vas, as well as several breaks in the back- 
ground, the picture was in bad condi- 
tion, and was in danger of being de- 
stroyed, but through the generosity of 
Mr. K. C. Ballard Thruston of Louis- 
ville, it was recently sent to New York, 
and repaired by Mr. H. A. Hammond 
Smith, who does such work for the Met- 
ropolitan Museum of Art, and is con- 
sidered an expert. 

The rehanging of this portrait in the 
position it had occupied for so many 
years in the Representative Hall in the 
Old State House at Frankfort, has made 
it seem worth while to delve into the 
archives of the State, and into our own 
records, and find out something of its 
history. 

The resolutions of the General As- 
sembly of 1824-1825, requesting the Gov- 
ernor to invite General Lafayette to 
visit Kentucky, and also the resolutions 
of that body "For Procuring a Portrait 
of General Lafayette," and Governor 
Desha's correspondence with the dis- 
tinguished visitor, and with the portrait 
painter, Matthew H. Jouett, were pub- 
lished in the Register of January, 1913, 
having been taken from the original 



records, and it seems worth while to re- 
print at least a part of that article at 
this time : 

Preamble and Resolution for Pro- 
curing a Portrait of General 
Lafayette. 

Whilst the people of the United States 
are testifying their gratitude for the dis- 
tinguished and generous services of Gen- 
eral Lafayette, in the American Revo- 
lution, the people of Kentucky would 
gladly co-operate in handing down to 
posterity the fame, and in preserving 
a likeness of the man whose generous 
devotion to the cause of freedom and 
liberal principles in two hemispheres, 
have been so conspicuously displayed. 

A portrait of the man is calculated to 
call up the associate ideas of the talents 
and virtues by which he acquired his 
great reputation, and to increase and 
strengthen the moral effects and advan- 
tages resulting from the great principles 
with which his fame is connected. 

Every citizen of Kentucky is eager to 
look at Lafayette. In viewing him, the 
glory of our country, the principles of 
the revolution, the greatness of the ob- 
ject, the toils, anxieties, constancy and 
patriotism employed in pursuit of it, 
and the precious value of liberty, are 
kindred ideas. 

A man born and nurtured in Ken- 
tucky, grown in its forests and cane- 
brakes, by force of his native genius, ex- 
erted under the benign influence of free 
government and equal rights, has dis- 
tinguished himself in the art of paint- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



ing. Such an artist is an appropriate 
instrument to be employed by Kentucky 
in preserving the likeness of Lafayette, 
and in testifying her gratitude for his 
services, which have so eminently con- 
tributed to bring forth that political 
freedom, independence and sovereignty 
as a state, which she enjoys in common 
with the rest of the United States. 

Therefore, Eesolved by the General 
Assembly of the Commonwealth of Ken- 
tucky, that the Governor be requested, 
and he is hereby authorized for and on 
behalf of this State, to employ Matthew 
H. Jouett to take a full length portrait 
of General Lafayette. 

Eesolved, that the Governor be re- 
quested to cause these resolutions to be 
made known to General Lafayette, ac- 
companied by an earnest solicitation on 
behalf of this General Assembly that he 
will permit Mr. Jouett to take the por- 
trait. 

Resolved, that the portrait, when 
taken, shall be placed in the Representa- 
tive Hall of this State, there to be pre- 
served as a memento of the high regard 
in which the State holds the services of 
that illustrious man, and of the devotion 
of the good people of this State to the 
principles which his distinguished serv- 
ices contributed to establish. 

(Approved January 12, 1825.) 



Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 3, 1825. 
Mr. M. H. Jouett. 
Sir:— 

Enclosed are certain resolutions of the 
Legislature of this State relative to a 
portrait of General Lafayette. Pursuant 
to a request contained in these resolu- 



tions, I now, on behalf of the State, em- 
ploy you to execute that portrait, and 
desire that the same may be done as 
early as practicable consistently with 
your convenience. 

From recent information it is pre- 
sumed that General Lafayette will re- 
main in Washington City until some 
early time in the month of March; 
if so, you will perhaps have sufficient 
time to execute the portrait in that city. 
Should you determine to proceed there, 
you will bear the enclosed letter to Gen- 
eral Lafayette. It encloses a copy of the 
resolutions and contains a request that 
he will permit the portrait to be taken, 
with a notice that you are the person 
employed to execute it. 

The compensation for the picture 
when finished will be left with the Leg- 
islature, whose judgment in graduating 
it according to the excellence of the per- 
formance, it is presumed your talent in 
your profession, and confidence in its 
liberality will not object. 

With great respect, I am, 

Your obedient servant, 

Joseph Desha. 



Frankfort, Ky., Feb. 3, 1825. 
General Lafayette. 

Sir:— 

The Legislature of the State, anxious 
to testify the high regard in which its 
constituents hold your exertions in the 
cause of liberty, and desirous to perpetu- 
ate as far as possible the genial influence 
which your presence among us is cal- 
culated to have upon our sentiments, 
by renewing our recollections of the 
thralldom which, by your aid, our an- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



cestors struggled into freedom, have de- 
sired me earnestly to solicit that yon 
will permit your portrait to be taken for 
its use. Kesolutions npon the subject 
I have the honor to enclose. They 
breathe the feeling not only of the Leg- 
islature, but of the people, whose organ 
it is, who will feel happy in the oppor- 
tunity which your consent will afford, 
of transmitting to posterity the image 
of the person whose services in the war 
of the Eevolution next to those of the 
immortal father of his country, most 
demand their gratitude. 

The bearer of this letter, Mr. M. H. 
Jouett, is the artist mentioned in the 
resolutions, who, pursuant to the re- 
quest contained therein, I have employ- 
ed to execute the work. His talent for 
painting, which is equaled only by the 
purity of his mind and the urbanity of 
his manners, leaves no room to doubt, 
that should you yield to the wishes of 
the State, he will do ample justice to his 
subject. 

With sentiments of the most profound 
esteem and respect, I am, sir, 
Your obedient servant, 

Joseph Desha. 
General Lafayette, 

City of Washington. 



We also give the following from the 
''Laws op Kentucky/' 1825, Chapter 
156, Page 145. 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly 
of the Commonwealth of Kentucky: 

That the following sums be paid out 
of any money in the treasury not other- 
wise appropriated, to-wit : . . . 



To Matthew H. Jouett, for painting a 
portrait of General Lefayette, and his 
expenses in repairing to Washington 
City to execute the picture, in obedience 
to a resolution of both branches of the 
General Assembly of the Commonwealth 
of Kentucky, adopted at the session of 
one thousand eight hundred and twen- 
ty-four.* the sum of fifteen hundred dol- 
lars. 

(Approved December 21, 1825.) 



The State House at Frankfort was 7 
destroyed by fire on November 4, 1824, 
a few days after the convening of the 
Legislative Session of 1824-25, and some 
weeks before the above resolutions and 
correspondence passed, but it was evi- 
dently intended by the Legislature to 
have Lafayette's portrait hung in the 
place of honor whenever the new State 
House should be erected, and it was so 
hung, as is proven by reference to a 
copy of "Atkinson's Casket," Philadel- 
phia, 1833, which, after giving a detail- 
ed description of the building, furnish- 
ed to Mr. Bramborough, an English 
artist, who had "passed through Prank- 
fort," by Gideon Shryock himself, says 
that "Behind the Speaker's chair hangs 
an elegant full length portrait of Lafay- 
ette, executed by Jouett, at the order of 
the State." 

No doubt the portrait was in this posi- 
tion until it fittingly gave way to the 
life-size portrait of Washington, painted 
in 1834 by Oliver Prazer of Lexington, 
by order of the Legislature. 



*The session of "1824" extended over into 
1825, which explains apparent discrepancy in 
dates. 



8 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



In 1839 the Legislature purchased 
from William Allen of , a por- 
trait of Daniel Boone (probably ideal). 
Lewis Collins in the first edition of his 
history (1827), in describing the State 
House, rebuilt 1827-29", mentions the 
three portraits, as follows: 

"The Representative Hall, . . . 
a capacious room, handsomely finished, 
with a portrait of General Washington, 
large as life, immediately in the rear oi 
the speaker's chair, and portraits of 
General Lafayette and Colonel Daniel 
Boone on the right and left." 

The Washington portrait was restored 
by the celebrated Italian artist, Prof. 



Pasquale Farina of Philadelphia in 
1914, at the expense of the Historical 
Society, and now it is hoped that it will 
be possible to restore the Boone portrait 
also, as it has suffered perhaps more 
than either of the others from the rav- 
ages of time. 

It is interesting to note the background 
of the Lafayette portrait, which tradi- 
tion says was painted to represent the 
grounds of Mt. Vernon, near the first 
burial place of Washington, and in truth 
the trees on the hillside, and the water 
in the distance, are reminders of that 
scene. 



EARLY MARRIAGE RECORDS OF MERCER COUNTY. 



Compiled by Mrs. T. Henry Coleman, Jane McAfee Chapter, N. S., D. A. R., 

Harrodsburg, Ky. 

1786. 
Date Minister. 

Nov. 22 — Bassett, Wm. and Margt. McGurdy ^ Rice 

Aug. 16 — Berry, John and Ann Mitchell Rice 

Nov. 28 — Caldwell, Robert, and Hannah Willis Rice 

Aug. 23 — Fallis, Isaac and Eliz. Campbell J. Smith 

Aug. 24 — Floyd, Wm. and Elizabeth Lawrence Rice 

Aug. 29 — Freeman, Benj. and Margaret Devine Rice 

Dec. 25 — Goodnight. John and Ruth Davis Jas. Smith 

Aug. 30 — Jeffries, Wm. and Nancy Smith J. Smith 

Nov. 22 — Lear, George and Rebekah Garrett Jas. Smith 

May 4 — Lillard, John and Agah Chiles Jas. Smith 

Dec. 1 — Poor, Jeremiah and Rebekah Wayter Rice 

Dec. 26 — Talbott, Isham and Janie Talbott Rice 

Nov. 27— Smith, Daniel and Elizabeth Racy Jas. Smith 

1787 

Jan. 10 — Armstrong, Alexander and Abegail Arnold Rice 

Jan. 18 — Arnett, Wm. and Margaret Monroe Rice 

Oct. 30 — Ayres, Joseph and Rachael Harrison Rice 

Jan. 27 — Blackford, Benj. and Catherine Sadowskey Rice 

May 13 — Bruer, Samuel and Rebekah Smith ! Rice 

June 10 — Barton, Ambros and Ann Smith r J. Smith 

July 24 — Crose, Henry and Jane Hornback J. Hall 

Sept. 18 — Corn, Timothy and Nancy Douglas Rice 

July 10 — Cock, John and Susannah Benidick Rice 

Apr. 23 — Davis, John and Mary Fisher J. Smith 

Jan. 27 — Davis, Robert and Elizabeth Davis J. Smith 

Jan. 23 — Derkin, Joseph and Mary Sulton . Rice 

Dec. 24 — Duely, Samuel and Mary Kilso Rice 

Feb. 21 — Foley, Cornelius and Margt. Phillips Rice 

Apr. 31 — Hurrigan, Patrick and Winnie Arnold Jas. Hall 

— Holmes, Lewis and Rosanna Law J. Hall 

Aug. 1 — Kinkead, Robert and Jane Kinkead J. Bledsoe 

Dec. 12 — Little, John and Eloratelle McBride _ Rice 

Jan. — Mitchell, James and Betsy Brumfield J. Smith 

May 7 — Moseby, John and Eliz. Grant J. Smith 

May 10 — McKeyney, Raney and Tabiltha Vardeman J. Hall 

July 25 — McQuintis, James and Anne Linney Rice 

Mar. 6 — Praltier, Thos. and Ann Ashley Rice 

Mar. 27 — Peters, Richard and Ruth Fullington J. Smith 

Dec. 26 — Parker, John and Sally Poor Rice 

Feb. 7 — Ray, James and Elziabeth Talbott Rice 



20 Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

Date Minister. 

Jan. 9— Samuel, Jamiseen and Margaret Kincaid Rice 

Nov. 1— Smith, Wm. and Mary Shead Rice 

Sept. JO— Tiemmons, George and Rose Ashay Rice 

Mar. 31 — Underwood, Joseph and Rachel Lams Rice 

Jan. 16— Whitehead, William and Agnes Phillips Rice 

Feb. 17 — Waughup, John and Sarah Daugherty Rice 

May 13 — Walker, Philip and Fanny Prewitt Rice 

Aug. 28 — White, John and Lydia Bone Rice 

Aug. 20 — Woodcock, Joseph and Susannah Hammond Jas. How 

May 12 — Yocum, Jesse and Diana Denton Jas. How 

1788 

Feb. 23 — Allin, Adrain and Johanna Sno Rice 

Nov. 30 — Alton, Coward and Nannie Kie Rice 

Dec. 24 — Allen, Zachariah Rice 

Feb. 13— Allin, Thomas and Mary Jewette _ J. Bailey 

Mar. 13 — Basey, Wm. and Jane Logan Rice 

Aug. — Boone, Phillip and Al Thompson Rice 

Aug. 12 — Butler, Joseph and Agnes Harrison Rice 

Aug. 16 — Bull, Benneo and Christian Bennett J. Bailey 

July 23 — Cowen, Garrard and Mary Caldwell Rice 

Jan. 15 — Curry, Wm. and Nannie Hill Rice 

Mar. 26 — Calvin, James and Sussanne Puckett Rice 

June 3 — Cochran, John and Jane Crow Rice 

June 23 — Crow, John and Eliz. Jackson Rice 

Dec. 30 — Canin, Wm. and Mary Gask Rice 

Feb. 10 — Denis, Samuel and Mary Yocum Rice 

Oct. 22 — Davidson, Nathaniel and Agnes McClure Rice 

Dec. 2 — Debarn, Joseph and Sarah Waperson Rice 

Aug. 17 — Gibbs, Joseph and Eliz. Smith Rice 

Nov. 3— Goodwin, Lewis and Charlotte Holloway Rice 

July 14 — Huffman, Peter and Rachel Morgan Rice 

Nov. 1 — Harlow, Samuel and Eliz. Warkerson Rice 

May 7 — Jamison, James and Nally Rice „ Rice 

Oct. 14— McDowell, Marltin Rice 

Nov. 4 — Monoyes, Anderson Rice 

Feb. 18 — Noran, Perer and Susannah Paniter _ Rice 

Feb. 1 — Norris, Francis and Catherine Munfort „ _ Rice 

May 1 — Ogden, Benjamin and Marg. Perkett Jas. How 

Apr. 19 — Prestley, James and Sarah McBride T. Thompson 

Mar. 8 — Phillips, James and Eliz. Miles „ Rice 

Dec. 2 — Rice, Gardner and Phebe Carrett Rice 

Apr. 19 — Scott, Jacob and Margaret McBride T. Thompson 

Dec. 2 — Slup, Richard and Mary Caplorne „..Jtice 

June 20 — Veatch, Wm. and Elizabeth Coffman Rice 

Feb. 29 — Voorhies, John and Hezekiah Boneta Rice 

May 20— Williams, Beverly and Kizziah Martin Jas. How 

July 23 — Woods, Wm. and Mary Minor Jas. How 

Feb. 14 — Wheatley, James and Elenor Ailing Rice 

Mar. 26— White, Randolph and Margt. Kincaid Rice 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 11 

Date 1789 Minister. 

Feb. 13 — Allin, Thomas and Mary Jewette J. Bailey 

Aug. 26 — Boyies, David and Jenny Cook How- 
Mar. 5 — Daniel, John and Birdy Sparrow Bailey 

Oct. 26— Harlow, Geo. and Mary Wright Wins 

Oct. 21— Isam, (?) James and Sally Edgerton Wins 

Feb. 14 — Jeffries, Thos. and Winney Mays Wins 

Mar. 5 — Knox, Davis and Esther Caldwell ..._ Bailey 

— McClure, Samuel and Susan Harper How 

July 9 — Nourse, Wm. and Eliz. Jamison R. Stite 

Jan. 16— Samlice, (?) John and McBride Rice 

June 15— Sewald, John and Eliz. Hall J. Bailey 

May 20 — Sape, John and Mary Mothersung Rice 

1790 

June 29 — Brown, Robert and Rebecca McAfee David Rice 

Feb. 11 — Erown, John and Isabel Shaw David Rice 

Mar. 13 — Cole, George and Rboda Powell David Rice 

Apr. 21 — Casey, John and Martna Baker David Rice 

June 14 — Carlton, Kimball and Eliz. Spillman David Rice 

Aug. 5 — Crockett, Hamilton and Francis Beneford Rice 

Jan. 5 — Davis, Samuel and Dolly Gaines David Rice 

June 2 — Ewing, Thos. and Margaret Tilford David Rice 

Dec. 28 — Ewing, Wm. and Margaret Palerton Rice 

Oct. 27 — Finley, Wm. and Martha McBride ..._ Rice 

Dec. 7 — Gallagher, Chas. and Nancy Bunton Rice 

Feb. 9 — Hanna. James and Martha Pcgue David Rice 

Mar. 8 — Hutcher, John and Margt. Mitchell David Rice 

Apr. 8 — Heps, Will and Margaret Davis David Rice 

July 12 — Law, James and Nancy Lee David Rice 

July 25 — Letcher, John and Eliz. Robertson Rice 

Mar. 5 — Lillard, Thos. and Susannah Slaughter Sutton 

May 7 — Martin, Abner and Nancy Gordon David Rice 

July 24 — Niel, Abraham and Jenny White Rice 

Jan. 4 — R.eed, John and Peggy M. Rogers David Rice 

Jan. 10 — Ray, John and Mary Bunton David Rice 

•^Feb. 3 — Robertson, James and Sarah Hinton David Rice 

May 23 — Roland, Robert and Sarah Little David Rice 

July 8 — Sweeney, John and Nancy Owsley David Rice 

Apr. 12 — Spilman, Benj. and Nancy Rice Rice 

June 30 — Yocum, Mathias and Silvey Colton John Rice 

1791 

Feb. 21 — Armstrong, Robert and Mary McAfee Rice 

Mar. 13 — Bush, Daniel and Charity Baker John Rice 

Oct. 3 — Bannon, John and Sarah Woolf Sutton 

Sept. 10 — Brown, John and Elizabeth Mercer Rice 

Nov. 1— Cloyd, James and Rachael Tilford Rice 

Aug. 30 — Curd, James and Mary Anne Perkins Rice 

Dec. 1 — Curry, James and Sarah McAfee Rice 

Sept. 22 — Davis, James and Elizabeth Sanders Sutton 



12 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Date Minister. 

Sept. 22— Davis, Samuel and Elizabeth Mayall ~ Rice 

Feb. 1— Hill, Robert and Leah Harbeson Rice 

Oct. 11 — Holloway, John and Milley Bunch Rice 

Not. 23— Lillard, Thomas and Sukey Slaughter Sutton 

Feb. 19— McGill, Robert and Mary Makeland Rice 

Mar. 10 — Miles, John and Sarah Harce Rice 

Dec. 19 — May, Humphrey and Susannah Coulter J. Bailey 

Dec. 2— McKee, Robert and Mary Todd Rice 

Dec. 31— McKee, John and Mary Ann Kinkaid Rice 

July 5— Pushing, Henry and Tabbe Summers John Rice 

Apr. 3 — Sparrow, Henry and Lucy Hanks J. Bailey 

July 18 — Smith, Thomas and Rebecca Hameman J. Bailey 

Apr. 12 — Thomas, Joseph and Lucy Donnaby J. Bailey 

Sept. 13— Travis, John and Mary Tilford Rice 

July 17 — Vories, Cornelius and Mary Bruner Rice 

June — Williams, Jasper and Mary Hendricks Stubles 

1792 

Jan. 9— Bonta, David and Mary DeMott Rice 

Aug. 24 — Buckner, Conrad and John Clarke Sutton 

Nov. 20 — Blagrave, Harrison and Ester Harbeson Sutton 

Dec. 17 — Bondell, Jeremiah and Mary Heoff Sutton 

Aug. 25 — Devine, Samuel and Mary Hall jSutton 

Aug. 18 — Dulery, John and Isabel Jeffries Rice 

June 26 — Harden, Henry and Mary Davis Sutton 

Jan. 17 — Huffman, John and Gashweler (Eliz.) Rice 

Aug. 2 — Hold, John and Mary Young Rice 

July 14 — Logan, Wm. and Sally Settles Rice 

July 15 — Long, Jacob and Jane Freeman Rice 

Apr. 10 — Lambert, Jack and Sevinia Debond J. Rice 

June 30 — Luterman, Jacob and Sarah Baumfield Wilson 

Aug. 7 — Loecas, Abraham and Mary Evans J. Sutton 

Mar. 10 — Martin, Lewellen and Elizabeth Painter Rice 

Jan. 3 — McMardie, Francis and Nancy Irvin Rice 

Apr. 4 — McGill, John and Mary James Rice 

July 3 — Nailor, George and Margt. Shaver - Rice 

Apr. 12 — Nation, Joseph and Rebecca Davis J. Rice 

Nov. 30 — S , Edward and Mary Jones _ J. Rice 

Mar. 27 — Sap, Wm. and Mary Long J. Rice 

Apr. 20 — Sap, Jeremiah and Mary Shad J. Rice 

Apr. 30 — Stitts, Frederick and Rebecca Gooldman J. Rice 

Mar. 24 — Stalkup, Ennior and Margt. Thompson Rice 

Aug. 4— Shuck, Wm. and Mary Bonta Rice 

Apr. 25 — Thompson, Evan and Chloe Bennett J. Rice 

Aug. 2— Threlkeld, Wm. and Francis Gaines Rice 

May 19 — Vanneys, Isaac and Lydia Bonta Rice 

Apr. 24— Walls, Jacob and Margaret Cull Rice 

Apr. 25 — Westerfield, Isaac and Polly Smock Rice 

Dec. 4— Yeons, and Martha Bowlin Sutton 

Dec. 16 — Young, Jacob and Rachel Goodnight Sutton 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 13 

Date 1793 Minister. 

Dec. 11 — Brewer, John and Dinah Sarter Rice 

Jan. 10 — Bottom, Robert and Mary Latimore Rice 

Jan. 3 — Buckanon, James and Rebecca Armstrong Sutton 

Jan. 19 — Caldwell, Geo. and Betsey Irvin Rice 

May 21 — Cummins, Joseph and Nancy Hancock Rice 

Sept. 16 — Cannon, Wm. and Mary Mayes Rice 

Jan. 6 — Chaplin, Abram and Eliz. Higgins Sutton 

June 19— Campbell, Arthur and Eliz. Robertson ... '. Rice 

Sept. 10 — Farris, Major and Nancy Hungati _ - _ Rice 

Dec. 19 — Ferguson, Wm. and Rebecca Thompson - Sutton 

Sept. 10 — Freeman, Joseph and Ann Jennings Rice 

June 20 — Hart, John and Eliz. Casey * Rice 

May 13 — Gregory, Richard and Leny Voorhies Rice 

Mar. 25 — Jones, David and Sukey Lillard ". J. Sutton 

Apr. 30 — Jones, Martin and Mary Enos Campbell Sutton 

July 7 — Lock, Davis and Susannah McCoy Rice 

Mar. 21 — Lawrence, David and Julia McKinney Rice 

Oct. 22 — Letcher, Benj. and Peggy Robertson * Rice 

Aug. 14 — McCoun, John and Nancy Slaughter Rice 

Jan. 11 — McBrayer, James and Nancy Hendricks Rice 

May 30 — Numan, Henry and Susannah Stills Rice 

July 18 — Owsley, John and Peggy Tibbs - Sutton 

Nov. 11 — Rice, William and Susannah Clarke Sutton 

Nov. 9 — Lewis, Robards and Hannah Withers Winn 

Feb. 7 — Shields, James and Mary Anne Murry Sutton 

Feb. 6 — Smelcer, Perulcer and Mary Gordon Rice 

Mar. 6 — Sap, Alexander and Lucy Bennett Rice 

Mar. 27 — Sportsman, Wm. and Sarah Arnold Rice 

Apr. 16 — Thomas, Oswell and Bally Bog Sutton 

— Toles, George and Mary Montfort Rice 

1794 

Nov. 29 — Adams, Jas. and Mary McAfee Sutton 

July 8 — Bunch, Calloway and Ann Henderson Rice 

Aug. 24 — Bush, Phillip and Elizabeth Palmer Rice 

Oct. 22 — Berry, Richard and Cally Ewing ....Rice 

Oct. 29 — Bolin, James and Anne Ellicock Rice 

Feb. 20 — Berry, Reuben and Synea Tetheringille Sutton 

June 19 — Brocer, Vincent and Betsy Smith Sutton 

Apr. 25 — Campbell, James and Eliz. McCoy Sutton 

Nov. 13 — Champion, John and May Cannon Rice 

Dec. 8 — Crawford, James and Catharine Miller B. Noel 

Apr. 10 — Capen, Seth and Anna Lillard Rice 

Feb. 17 — Davis, John and Polly Sweet Rice 

Apr. 9 — Day, Elijah and Anne McAfee Rice 

Aug. 5 — Farleigh, Peter and Calendah Belles Father G. A. Adams 

July 28 — Graham, Ja,mes M. and Sarah Spilman Rice 

Nov. 28 — Green, Henry and Elizabeth Clarke Rice 

Jan. 16 — Hammond, John and Nancy Mills C. Norvell 

Dec. 3 — Hale, Levi and Catharine Tucker Rice 



24 Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

Date Minister. 

Nov. 12 — Hungate, John and Mary Coffman - Rice 

July 3 — Higgins, John and Susannah McCain Rice 

July 16 — Hunter, James G. and Susan Pope Bailey 

Dec. 30 — Heart, Simon and Patty Silvertooth Sutton 

Dec. 5— Hover, George and Peggy (a woman of color) John Bailey 

Apr. 25 — Kenton, Thos. and Kezia Crutchfield - Rice 

May 18 — Lewis, Richard and Sally Wood Rice 

Dec. 16 — Lyster, Cornelius and Lotty Bice Sutton 

Sept. 18 — McCaslin, Robert and Nancy Snodgrass - Sutton 

Mar. 15 — McGray, Robt. and Delia Davis Rice 

Aug. 7 — McCaslin, Richard and Eliz. Wilson Rice 

Jan. 16 — Newphey, Daniel and Alley Byrns Rice 

Feb. 22 — Moore, Daniel and Nancy Kelley Rice 

Sept. 27 — McDowell, Joseph and Sarah Irwin Rice 

Dec. 20 — McCatsline, John and Sarah Batsel Sutton 

Aug. 4 — Melvoy, John and Anna Baldin 

Apr. 24 — Noel, Wm. and Hannah Willis Rice 

Dec. 5 — Frcwitt, Anthony and Nancy Willis Rice 

July 3 — Robbins, Richard and Polly Price Rice 

June 16 — Reed, John and Mary Ironer Rice 

Apr. 18 — Rickey, James and Mary Armstrong Sutton 

July 23 — Rice, Jesse and Sally Mitchell Sutton 

Jan. 30 — Smith, Stephen and Nancy Taylor Sutton 

Feb. 2 — Stiles, John and Joanna Moore Sutton 

Aug. 26 — Stewart, Wm. and Sarah Thickston Sutton 

Sept. 4 — Snodgrass, Samuel and Patty McCaslin Sutton 

Aug. 3 — Stokes, Thos. and Rebekah Acorn Rice 

May 29 — Sharpe, Solomon and Catharine Sharpe Rice 

Feb. 12 — Southern, Wm. and Jeminia Fisher Rice 

Jan. 20 — Threlkeld, John and Jane Robertson • Sutton 

Feb. 13 — Taylor, John and Nancy Lewis Rice 

Aug. 10— Thomas, Richard Moore and Betsy Frowman Rice 

Aug. 26 — Voris, John and Hannah Titsworth Sutton 

Mar. 7 — Voras, Luke and Chissey Bonta Rice 

Oct. — VanArsdell, Abraham and Aule Vandike Sutton 

May 10 — Willis, Wm. and Nancy Smith Rice 

Mar. 20 — Williams, Thos. and Elizabeth Dry (Sutton 

July 5 — Watts, Wm. and Sally Devine Rice 

1795 

Feb. 13 — Allis, Thos. and Rebeckah Warner Rice 

Sept. 7 — Armstrong, Lauty F. and Peggy Cunningham Sutton 

Sept. — Burford, Daniel and Amy Noel B. Noel 

July 9 — Brewer, Daniel and Dorothy Dorland Rice 

July 2 — Bowford, Elijah and Nancy Wright Rice 

Jan. 15 — Brown, Benny and Betsy Jennings Rice 

May 27 — Boucher, Peter and Sally Goodnight Rice 

Oct. 20— Bailey, Wm. and Polly McNew Rice 

Apr. 23 — Bottom, Turner and Jane Swann Rice 

Mar. 26 — Burton, Robt. and Margaret Ferguson Rice 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 15 

Date Minister. 

July 30 — Curee, Daniel and Jenny Curee _ Rice 

Jan. 27 — Coon, Joseph and Patsy Sanders Rice 

Feb. 12 — Corn, Aaron and Sarah Hazel _ Rice 

Dec. 3 — Clemer, Henry and Barbary Garrett Harris 

Feb. 19 — Devine, Samuel and Mary Hale _ Sutton 

Jan. 17 — Davis, Charles and Caty Tettur - Rice 

June 21 — Davis, James and Martha Legin Rice 

Oct. 5 — Daugherty, Samuel and Chloe Latimore McGraw 

Mar. 7 — Edmonson, Philip and Susan Jennings B. Noel 

Feb. 13 — Ellis, Thos. and Rebekah Warner Rice 

Mar. 2 — Engraves, Augustine and Susanner Fisher Rice 

Feb. 16 — Fisher, Benj. and Eiener Slaughter „ Rice 

Feb. 2 — Graves, John and Peggy Stennette .Sutton 

July 11 — Grider, Tobias and Sally Harman Mason 

July 9 — Hard, James and Palsty Slaughter JST. Harris 

Aug. 16 — Hardin, James and Frances Booly B. Noel 

Apr. 16 — Hill, Thos. and Rebekah Goff Rice 

Jan. 8 — Hungate, John and Polly Coffman Rice 

May 28 — Huff, Richard and Nancy Davis Rice 

Aug. 18 — Humphries, Reuben and Martha Reed _ Mason 

Jan. 5 — James, Thos. and Sara Clerk Thos. Scott 

May 17 — Jewell, ¥m. and Peggy Painter B. Noel 

Jan. 6 — Jones, Thos. and Margt. McAfee Rice 

Sept. 24 — Jenkins, Wm. and Nancy Beller Mason 

Feb. 19 — Lillard, Ephraim and Margt. Prather Rice 

Mar. 13 — Landsley, James and Ruth Walton Rice 

Apr. 18 — Lilard, James and Betsey Thomas Rice 

Apr. 14 — Lock, Gerardis and Mary Cradley Rice 

Jan. 1 — McGill, Hugh and Peggy Daugherty Rice 

Apr. 15 — McDonald, Allen and Judith Smith Rice 

Feb. 19 — McMertry, James and Polly McKee Rice 

Jan. 1 — Myers, Michael and Mary Downer _ Rice 

May 26— McKee, Wm. and Nancy Gordon .' Rice 

Feb. 19 — McGinnis, Wm. and Martha Lillard Rice 

July 1 — Owen, Thos. and Lydia Stillman B. Noel 

Apr. 14 — Paul, John and Sally Graves Thos. Scott 

Sept. 23 — Polly, John and Barbara Wiley McGraw 

June 16 — Reed, John and Mary Graves Mason 

Mar. 26 — Robertson, Robert and Jenny Adams ..r.. Rice 

Nov. 17 — Richardson, David and Milly Brown McGraw 

Mar. 1 — Swan, John and Margt. Coburn Rice 

Aug. 19 — Stone, Thos. and Anne Bennett Rice 

Mar. 18 — Shelladay, Edward and Sally Banelle Rice 

Apr. 4 — Thompson, Arthur and Martha Cochran Sutton 

Mar. 26 — Turpin, Hugh and Betsy Isaam Thos. Scott 

Mar. 4 — Taylor, James and Mary McBride Rice 

Apr. 20 — Threkill, Daniel and Betsy Bronson Rice 

Aug. 20 — Thomas, Edward and Eliz. Shaw Mason 

Dec. 1 — Bryan, Robert Pendleton and Mary McGary Rice 

Mar. 12— Vanderslice, Benj. and Margt. Scott Sutton 



26 Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

Date Minister. 

Feb. 1 — Virgin, Price and Polly Wright Rice 

Nov. 26 — Vanarsdell, Isaac and Ann Vanarsdell McGraw 

Apr. 1 — Woods, Andrew and Polly McGee Sutton 

June 21 — Wilcox, Abraham and Mary Turner Rice 

Jan. 19 — Yocum, Henry and Mary King Rice 

1796 

Apr. 3 — Armstrong, Wm. and Mary Robertson ~ Rice 

Dec. 1 — Bryan, Robert Pendleton and Mary McGarry Rice 

Aug. 23 — Begur, John and Agnes Fisher D. Rice 

Aug. 28 — Burgin, Christopher and Ann VanArsdall Rice 

Jan. 12 — Barnett, John and Mary Guthrie J. McGraw 

Mar. 26 — Burton, Robt. and Margaret Ferguson Rice 

Apr. 25 — Blanton, Joshua and Elizabeth Nelson Rice 

Apr. 28 — Campbell, Daniel and Eliz. Cambell McGraw 

Aug. 3 — Coffman, Isaac and Mary Calvert Rice 

Mar. 17 — Crawford, John and Ethel Jones Nowel 

Sept. 9 — Christian, Thos. and Sally Drane Rice 

Aug. 18 — Cardwell, John and Anne McAfee Rice 

Aug. 9 — Combs, Clater and Jackeer Ransdell D. Rice 

Dec. 22 — Cull, Samuel and Betsey Davis —Rice 

Sept. 29 — Carr, John and Jane Elder Rice 

Aug. 10 — Campbell, Wm. and Jemima Brown „ D. Rice 

Mar. 30 — Durham, Jacob and Ann Berry McGraw 

Sept. 14 — Davis, Robert and Anne Troy Rice 

Nov. 27 — Davis, James and Sally Boucher : Rice 

Mar. 19 — Dean, Wm. and Ammy Kelley Rice 

Dec. 19 — Deniott, Peter and Mary Terhune Rice 

May 13 — Davenport, Wm. and Eliza McAfee Rice 

July 18 — Duree, Samuel and Anna Walls Rice 

Aug. 11 — Hardin, Nicholas and Maruma Ashley D. Rice 

Dec. 30 — Holsclaw, Jacob and Polly Kemper D. Rice 

Nov. 2 — Hammond, James and Margt. Kelley Rice 

May 22 — Hale, Levi and Catherine Tucker Rice 

Apr. 3 — Hendrickson, Samuel and Eliz. Hills Rice 

May 12 — Horine, George and Nancy Higgins Rice 

Dec. 4 — Hanna, Adam and Nancy Kennedy Rice 

Jan. 28 — Hall, Martin and Margaret Wren McGraw 

Mar. 14 — Hopkins, John and Mary S. Smith Rice 

— Huff, Charles and Polly Nun J. Noel 

. June 3 — Irvin, John and Jenny Robertson /. Rice 

Sept. 24 — Jenkins, Wm. and Nancy Beller Mason 

Apr. 7 — Jackson, John and Asberry Rice 

May 13 — Lyons, James and Margt. Springate Rice 

Apr. 7 — McBrayer, John and Nancy Cole Rice 

Dec. 1 — Meredith, Wm. and Margaret Bergelle Rice 

Apr. 4 — McAfee, Samuel and Mary Cardwell Rice 

Nov. 25 — McGuire, Jesse and Elizabeth Butler Rice 

July 7— McKinney, Abraham and Elenor Prather Rice 

Nov. 17— Markswood, George and Peggy Adams Rice 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 17 

Date Minister. 

Dec. 1 — Meudeth, Wm. and Margaret Bergelle Rice 

Dec. 8 — Pulliam, Benj. and Ammy Casson Rice 

July 20 — Palmer, Henry and Mary Caldwell Rice 

Dec. 27 — Rose, Charles and Mary Lewis D. Rice 

Feb. 25 — Rynerson, Christopher and Polly Durham McGraw 

Aug. 3 — Rennels, Wm. and Eliza Teiget Rice 

Aug. 28 — Roberts, Silas and Sally Carle Rice 

Feb. 3 — Shaw, Thos. and Catherine Ripertson Rice 

Feb. 8 — Smith, Turner and Mildred Coulter Rice 

Jan. 28 — Summons, Henry and Sally Jackman McGraw 

May 12 — Smith, Solomon and Nancy McGinnis McGraw 

Aug. 15 — Sharpe, John and Sally Atkerson Hale 

May 10 — Summers, Wm. and Buncham Rice 

June 22 — Sorter, Lambert and Jane Ballintine Rice 

Feb. 6 — Taylor, John and Elizabeth Tilford Rice 

Aug. 13 — Trotter, John and Cholia Rice __. D. Rice 

Aug. 20 — Thomas, Edward and Eliz. Shaw Mason 

Dec. 7 — Thompson, David and Melinda Newell Rice 

May 1 — Turpin, Josiah and Elizabeth Myers Rice 

Apr. 23 — Timberlake, Wm. and Sarah Thompson Rice 

Dec. 22 — Vannice, John and Letty Canine Rice 

July 28 — Vorhies, Peter and Larre Vanarsdell Rice 

Not. 17 — Vanhice, Cornelius and Mary Cozart Rice 

Feb. 24 — Wncox, John and Lucy Oglesby McGraw 

Mar. 1 — Wilham, Wm. and Martha Skinner McGraw 

Aug. 21 — Woods, Samuel and Nancy Guthrie Rice 

Feb. 17 — Wilcoxen, Dennis and Sarah Bell Rice 

1797 

July 12 — Ashby, Bounds and Eliza Cardwell Rice 

Apr. 17 — Ashbey, John and Polly Hardin Rice 

Jan. 17 — Armstrong, Edward and Sarah Robertson..'. Wm. Mahon 

Sept. 27 — Adkins, Hink and Sally Buket ;. McGraw 

Apr. 5 — Buchanan, Alex, and Nancy McAfee Rice 

June 3 — Bowman, Jacob and Nelly Tilford Rice 

July 26 — Brown, Scott and Lucy Monday Monday 

July 26 — Baugh, John and Mary Downing Rice 

Mar. 20 — Brown, Wm. and Margaret Steiphenson Wm. Mahon 

Aug. 24 — Butler, Jesse and Nancy Durkee McGraw 

Nov. 2 — Blagrave, Henry and Anne Setton McGraw 

Nov. 30 — Ballard, Levin and Francis Dycher McGraw 

Oct. 12 — Bush, Mathias and Sarah Meix Mahon 

Aug. 10 — Boiling, John and Elizabeth Wood McGraw 

Aug. 10 — Boyle, John and Elizabeth Tilford D. Rice 

Jan. 17 — Casey, Robert and Barbara In Rice 

Mar. 16 — Chamberbaind, Pierce and Nancy Ransdell Rice 

Sept. 21 — Casey, Andrew and Anne Kason McGraw 

Aug. 10 — Cozat, Jacob and Peggy Comingore Sutton 

Nov. 30 — Dishamand, Thos. and Francis Moss McGraw 

Feb. 4 — Drain, Joseph and Sarah Hodson Rice 



jg Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

Date Minister. 

Oct. 5 — Denigan, Nathan and. Lucy Jones Mason 

Dec. 20 — Dismukes, Joseph and Bliz. Allin Shelton Mason 

Mar. 15 — Davis, John and Catharine Brewer Sutton 

Oct. 5 — Hamb'leton, James and Sally Jones McGraw 

Nov. 13— Herrt, Fields and Mary Powell McGraw 

Mar. 16 — Hanna, Thomas and Peggy Smith D. Rice 

Nov. 22 — Harland, Wm. and Hannah Tilsort Sutton 

Jan. 4 — Humble, Michael and Keziah Baynham D. Rice 

Mar. 25 — Huffman, John and Stranley Brown Mason 

Mar. 9 — Jones, Samuel and Elenor Regon D. Rice 

Apr. 8 — James, Henry and Ann Arbuckle D. Rice 

Nov. 23 — Lawson, Wm. and Ellz. Atkerson Hall 

Mar. 2 — Letcher, Stephen and Sally Davis Rice 

Dec. 23 — Lewis, Joshua and America Lawson Mason 

Feb. 24 — McGuire, Davis and Anne Butler Rice 

Apr. 6 — McAfee, James and Nancy McAmy Sutton 

Mar. 2 — McGee, Robert and Jewett McGee Sutton 

Oct. 21 — McCoun, James and Betsey Rice Sutton 

June 11 — McGuffin, Beriah and Jenny McAfee Sutton 

Sept. 8 — Morrison, James and Kitty Bland Mahon 

Apr. 21 — Nicholson, Robert and Polly Willis Rice 

Feb. 26— Pittle, Garton and Polly Pruett Rice 

Nov. 7 — Retley, Francis and Sarah Sanderford McGraw 

Oct. 8 — Ruke, John and Anne Silver J. Noel 

Mar. 6 — Stone, Elijah and Jennings Rice 

Feb. 27 — Smock, Mathew and Tiney Scomp D. Rice 

Oct. 20— Scofield, and Eliz. Butler Wm. Mahon 

Feb. 8 — Smith, Wm. and Jennie McRoberts Mason 

May 4 — Smith, John and Elizabeth Arbuckle Mason 

Nov. 24 — Thompson, Roger and Betsy A. Shields Mahon 

Feb. 15 — Taylor, Wm. H. and Susannah Parsons Sutton 

Oct. 11 — Thompson, James and Rebecca Desponit Mahon 

Dec. 19 — Threlkeld, Daniel and Nancy Ransdell Sutton 

Jan. 19 — VanArsdall, Cornelius and Mary Vanderipe Rice 

July 18 — Vanderipe, Cornelius and Patty Westerfield Rice 

Oct. 5 — Vincent, David and Peggy Hall McGraw 

Sept. 28 — VanArsdall, John and Jane Voorhies Sutton 

May 29 — Wardin, Joseph and Sarah Ashbey Rice 

Jan. 17 — Wist, Reuben and Mary Woolonur Rice 

1798 

Feb. 26 — Amler, John and Anna Sutton McGraw 

Mar. 22 — Adams, Wm. and Sarah Adams Mahon 

Oct. 2 — Anderson, Elewnah and Sally May (?) McGraw 

Mar. 14 — Black, Wm. and Catharine Eakins Mahon 

Oct. 25— Earksdale, John and Patsey Ripperdam Mahon 

Nov. 20 — Black, John and Mary Kelley Mahon 

Jan. 25 — Carvin, Edward and Jane Murry Rice 

Feb. 15 — Combs, John and Polly Adams Mahon 

Mar. 15— Calahan, Dennis and Margaret Bowler Mahon 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 29 

Date Minister. 

Nov. 22 — Coon, Joseph and Lucy Bill Mahon 

Apr. 25 — Clarkston, Wm. and Polly Martin - McGraw 

June 19 — Claunch, Wm. and Rebecca Bolton McGraw 

Aug. 24 — Conte, George and Eliz. Ludwick _ McGraw 

Feb. 6 — Clarke, Francis and Catharine Moss _ McGraw 

Jan. 25 — Davenport, Richard and Eliz. Tadlock Mason 

Mar. 21 — Dickerson, "Wm. and Rebecca Artkers McGraw 

May 22 — Dolan, Michel and Patsey Minor „ McGraw 

May 18 — Fry, Jacob and Elizabeth Smith Mahon 

Jan. 25 — Ford, Chas. and Elizabeth Richardson _ Mason 

Feb. 22 — Graham, Joseph and Mary Stephens Mahon 

Nov. 27 — Grounds, Robert and Rady Long McGraw 

July 17 — Hutchings, John and Polly Minor , McGraw 

Mar. 24 — Huff, Charles and Polly Nun J. Noel 

Aug. 23 — Jones, Richard and Peggy Carr ~ McGraw 

July — Lee, Samuel and Olive "Willis Mahon 

Sept. 27 — Lee, Richard and Sara Settles _ Mahon 

Oct. 18 — Lee, John and Elizabeth Mitchell _ Mahon 

Apr. 24 — Latimore, John and Tabitha Broomfleld _ McGraw 

Sept. 20 — Lile, James and Milly Wooddard McGraw 

Jan. 11 — McGee, John and Mary Bigham Mahon 

Oct. 4 — McMurty, Alex, and Polly Smith „ Mahon 

Dec. 12 — Moss, Samuel and Milly Newton McGraw 

Mar. 6 — McAfee, John and Margaret Ewing McGraw 

Apr. 12 — Melvin, George and Sally Huffman _ McGraw 

July 5 — May, Henry and Nancy Martin McGraw 

Jan. 4 — Nation, John and Madlin Green Mahon 

Feb. 19 — Nichols, John and Barbara Ludwick McGraw 

Feb. 7 — Potts, Jonathan and Bethsheba Ballard _ McGraw 

Jan. 4 — Rowland, Chas. and Lean Goolman McGraw 

Oct. 3 — Roe, John and Eliz. Williamson Mahon 

June 30— Ripes, George and Imma Pipes McGraw 

Sept. 6 — Reed, Wm. and Sarah Silver Mahon 

Sept. — Ransdell, Whorton and Abigail Chambers J. Noel 

Sept. 6 — Settles, John and Jane Ruby „ Mahon 

Nov. 19 — Spilman, Thos. and Nancy Brenton Mahon 

May 1 — Sanderford, Richard and Betsy Pettey McGraw 

Aug. 9 — Sparrow, Thomas and Rebecca Boiling Sparrow McGraw 

Oct. 2 — Scott, Thos. and Sarah Hamilton _ Mahon 

Oct. IS — Thompson, Ephraim and Sallie Curry „ Mahon 

Jan. 11— Wilson, Thos. and Rachael Green Mahon 

July 17 — Whitwell, Thomas and Polly Anderson McGraw 

Apr. 5 — Williams, Jonas and Elizabeth Thompson McGraw 

1799 

Oct. 12 — Atkins, Abner and Rachael Riley McGraw 

Oct. 12 — Brownard, Beverley and Ruth Hatfield McGraw 

Mar. 28 — Brown, Jame3 and Asee Hanks _ Penny 

July 25 — Britton, Samuel and Anne Smock McGraw 

Aug. 15 — Barnett, Wm. and Tabitha Paddox „. McGraw 



2Q Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

Date Minister. 

Sept. 9 — Creswell, Robert and Mary Moore J. Noel 

Jan. 29 — Georges, James and Elizabeth Letcher Sutton 

Mar. 1 — Goin, Jeremiah and Susannah Campbell McGraw 

Jan. 15 — Henry, David and Margaret Potts McGraw 

June 30 — Hunter, Zacharia and Keturah Casey McGraw 

Oct. 25 — Marten, Joel and Ruthey Saxton _ Mahon 

Jan. 22 — McCallesler, Bartlett and Fanny Robinson Penny 

Jan. 17 — N , Phillip and Catharine Marrs Sutton 

Mar. 28 — Plough, Adersham and Dursha Varon Penny 

— Prewitt, Matthew and Sally Walker J. Noel 

Apr. 9 — Richards, Samuel and Betsey Boncham McGraw 

Jan. 3 — Stephenson, John and Mary Roberts Mahon 

Aug. 15 — S , John and Phebe Kezee McGraw 

Sept. 19 — Smock, Henry and Anne DebODd McGraw 

Jan. 30 — Verbrike, John and Charity Legrave McGraw 

Mar. 28 — Vanarsdell, Christopher and Lydia Collier McGraw 

Feb. 28 — Whitwell, Robert and Nancy Monday _ McGraw 

Oct. 24 — Wren, Isaac and Nancy Rennicks McGraw 

1800 

Jan. 7 — Chalfan, Joseph and Judith Malone McGraw 

Jan. 30 — Cannals, Abraham and Ely Rynerson McGraw 

Feb. 28 — Haginton, Wm. and Ann Burford Mahon 

July 8 — Hungate, Wm. and Sally Coffman Hayes 

Apr. 3 — Montgomery, John and Betsey Drake Noel 

Jan. 11 — Roberts, Wm. and Betsy Nickols McGraw 

Jan. 9 — Smock, God and Mary French McGraw 

Editor's Note. — There may be some inaccuracies in this copy, due to the great 
difficulty in deciphering some of the names found in the original records. 




A SPLENDID EASTERN KENTUCKY COAL MINING TOWN 

The view is of Fleming, Letcher County, Kentucky. One of the newly built coal towns 

of the Elkhorn Coal Company. 




r •• \ 

I i wn3 



A HISTORY OF THE COAL INDUSTRY IN KENTUCKY.* 

By WILLAED ROUSE JILLSON, Sc. D.** 
Director and State Geologist the Kentucky Geological Survey. 



Acknowledgments. 

For the privilege of reviewing many old and rare volumes, manuscripts, etc., the 
-writer is much indebted to the librarians of the Transylvania University, Berea College, 
the Kentucky State Historical Society, the Louisville Public Library, the Filson Club, 
the Library of Congress, and the Field Museum of Chicago. 



Discovery. 

The story of the discovery and first 
use of coal in Kentucky for heating and 
similar purposes will forever remain 
shrouded in the obscurity of the ages. 
While to the copper-hued American 
aborigines must certainly be given the 
credit for first seeing and using this 
great present day mineral resource, at 
what time or where within the confines 
of this state this marvelous accident oc- 
curred no one will ever know. Doubt- 
less in that dim past and long before his 
race had experienced the intelligence 
of the "Mound Builders," while on a 
hunting or warring expedition, he found 
as he crossed some stream or sandy 
bar, or shore, light black fragments 
of the mineral substance which we call 
coal. To his primitive mind, these little 
pebbles at first meant nothing. Perhaps 
they were picked up, and carried for a 
time, only to soon be dropped with a 
growing fatigue or changing fancy. At 
another time and in another mood he 
carried fragments of Kentucky cannel 



*Read before the Filson Club in Louisville, 
Ky., Monday, Nov. 7, 1921. 

•♦Member of the Filson Club, The Kentucky 
State Hstorical Society, etc. 



coal back to camp and at leisure carved 
out little queer-shaped ornaments and 
beads, as a number of celebrated collec- 
tions from this State show. 1 Yet strange 
as it may seem, neither his history nor 
the material effects which he left indi- 
cate that the Appalachian Indian knew 
or made use of the coals of this region 
for either cooking or heating. 

With all the known evidence against 
the premise, it still seems odd that the 
Indians of the eastern United States 
who were forever picking up stones and 
putting them into their fires for cooking 
purposes should not have at some time, 
and probably remotely, thrown in a 
lump or two of coal. It is a well known 
fact that some of the tribes of the south- 
western United States used coal in fir- 
ing their pottery, and the records of 
some of the earliest adventurers in the 
State of Kentucky show plainly that 
coal occurred in abundance openly dis- 
tributed over the ground at a number of 
points on the Warriors' Trail from Cum- 
berland Gap northeastward to the 
mouth of the Little Scioto Biver. With 



1 Prehistoric Men of Ky. Young-. Filson 
Club, 1919, pp. 218, 252. 



22 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



these facts in mind, it seems impossible 
to believe that the "Red Man," lazy, 
yet shrewd as he was, would not have 
known that this mineral substance would 
burn, giving a much more durable and 
satisfactory fire than wood. While we 
know that the Indian and his ancestor, 
the Mound Builder, did not frequent the 
interior of the eastern coal field except 
on a very occasional hunting party, he 
was continually crossing and camping 
within the western coal field, as his 
relics prove. 2 In this part of western 
Kentucky there never has been a time 
when fragments of coal could not be 
plainly seen in many places and picked 
up with little effort in hundreds of the 
branches and along the river banks. 
There never has been a time when coal 
has not been exposed either by pre- 
cipitous meander of streams or through 
slide or fault in the hillsides of the 
eastern Kentucky coal field, the Indians' 
great game preserve. With these facts 
in mind, though Anthropologists are 
agreed that the American Indian did 
not commonly use coal for burning pur- 
poses, it seems only reasonable to as- 
sume that he knew of its highly com- 
bustible nature and had used it when 
convenient countless thousands of times 
before the Caucasian ever set foot on 
the soil of the new world. 

Geology op Coal Formation. 

Difficult and uncertain as are those 
paths which lead back to the actual dis- 
covery of coal in Kentucky, the interest- 
ed investigator who would measure in 
terms of years the period which has 



2 Prehistoric Men of Ky. Shaler. Ky. Geol. 
Surv., Series II, 1876, p. 30. 



lapsed since first these coals were de- 
posited by the inspired hand of Mother 
Nature, will find he has yet before him 
problems by the side of which his earlier 
quest becomes as child's play. The man 
does not live who can say with authority 
or any degree of accuracy the number 
of years which have passed during the 
long train of ages since the first coals 
were deposited in this State. These were 
laid down in the most recent part of 
what geologists recognize nowadays as 
the Mississippian epoch, one of the lat- 
ter periods of the ancient Paleozoic. 
Where now known, chiefly in western 
Kentucky, these sub-carboniferous coals 
are very thin lenses widely separated 
horizontally and vertically in the geo- 
logical sections. Sometimes their thick- 
ness stains only a fraction of an inch, 
while the extent of a seam lengthwise 
may frequently be measured in inches 
cr in feet. But coals they are in every 
respect, and may be recognized as the 
tell-tale straws presaging the coming of 
the world's greatest coal making epoch, 
the Pennsylvanian period. 

So it is that in this State as elsewhere 
in the Appalachian region the Coal 
Measures are known as an almost num- 
berless sequence of coals, thick and thin, 
intercalated within an alternating sys- 
tem of generally thick sandstones, 
thicker shales, and very thin and some- 
what rare limestones. In the lower 
group of Pennsylvanian formations 
known in ascending order as the Potts- 
ville, Conemaugh and Allegheny, occur 
all of the coals which we know in this 
State today. These range in thickness 
from less than an inch to as much as 6 



Register of the Kentucky Stale Historical Society 



23 



and S feet in the solid. Where is the 
man who can ride through the creeks 
of eastern Kentucky or the flat rolling 
bottom lands of the western coal fields 
and seeing these great storehouses of 
pent-up solar energy, refrain from 
wondering for the thousandth time 
where it all came from, and what the 
exact processes were in its formation? 

He who would see the recreation of 
this ancient workshop of Mother Nature 
must forget for the moment the topog- 
raphic appearance of Kentucky today. 
He must travel backwards, as it were, 
through flight of fancy, to a time count- 
less thousands of years ago in the late 
3Iississippian period, when as a result 
of broad crustal uplifts far reaching in 
their effects, that relatively small por- 
tion of the American continent which is 
known today as Kentucky was gently 
and quite imperceptibly raised from 
moderate ocean depths to elevations ever 
so slightly above sea level. Conceive if 
you will that when the uplift had reach- 
ed this important point, vegetation 
growing along adjacent shores spread its 
net work of interlacing fibre over the 
new land surface. Great forests com- 
posed for the most part of fern-like trees, 
which were the predecessors of those we 
know today, spread out and shortly 
covered in mattress form of tangled 
root, twig and trunk, the new made 
land. 

The crustal forces, however, which 
gave rise to this broad uplift were not 
sustained, and there set in almost im- 
mediately a period during which the 
entire area now embraced within the 
confines of Kentucky, as well as parts 



of most of the adjoining states, were 
slowly depressed. This depression oc- 
curred, however, in such a way that 
there were periods of relatively rapid 
movement alternating with periods of 
more or less stability. During the 
periods of relative stability, vegetations, 
flung its mantle out over the new made- 
land. During the periods of depression,., 
the great forest mattresses, representing- 
the vegetal accumulations not infre- 
quently of many centuries, were sub- 
merged and completely covered by new- 
ly washed in and deposited clastic sedi- 
ments which were to be the sandstones 
and shales of today. Occasionally some 
little basin like area remained far 
enough from the shore or stream de- 
bouchure to preserve a fairly clear water 
in which came to live migratory forms, 
of marine or semi-marine animal life. 
This sea life in raining down and aban- 
doning at death countless shells and 
tests, gave rise to thin and impure lime- 
stones. The oscillatory cycle of basin 
filling, swamp forests and subsequent 
slight submergence was many, many 
times repeated. Today each separate 
and individual coal seam, be it thin or 
thick, is a certain and enduring monu- 
ment to those relatively rapid though 
small crustal changes of the earth in that 
far off Paleozoic time. 

Through the still lapse of the ages 
which followed this great coal making 
epoch, these Pennsylvanian coal meas- 
ures became slowly consolidated or hard- 
ened through regional heat and pressure, 
the principles of coal formation being 
undoubtedly quite as active today as 
they ever were. During all this time no 
man saw these processes take place. But 



24 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



the record of the animal life of the coal 
making period is plain. Innumerable 
fossils show that it was an age in which 
invertebrate shell fish, bivalves and clam- 
like animals predominated in numbers. 
But higher types of life were also pres- 
ent in large numbers. These were the 
low vertebrates, the primitive and 
ancient fishes. Here and there in num- 
bers yet much in the minority were the 
early amphibians of small figure track- 
ing their way across the slimes and muds 
of old shore lines and beaches. Air 
breathing reptiles, though present, had 
not yet made their appearance in abund- 
ance and as for the higher warm blood- 
ed mammals, their time was yet to come 
by thousands of thousands of years. 

But Mother Nature was about her 
work much the same as she is today. In 
the course of time, following broad 
inundations and great continental up- 
lifts throughout North America, that 
part of the Mississippi Valley known as 
Kentucky hadbeen aland area for many, 
many ages. Broad-leafed hard wood 
trees had not only displaced the Paleo- 
zoic fern tree swamps, but had become 
in their turn very ancient forests. 
Through the Coal Measures formed in 
those ancient periods now uplifted to 
thousands of feet in some places above 
sea level, the streams incessantly chisel- 
ing out their courses, had carved in the 
consolidated sandstones, mudstones and 
limestones of the State, the topographic 
figure much the same as we see it and 
know it today. 

As it had been the battle ground for 
a migratory and usurping vegetation 
again and again in the geologic past, so, 



at this later date it had again become a 
battle ground, but one pre-empted by 
fierce and hostile tribes of dusky 
Aborigines from the north and from the 
south. Cherokees from the valleys of 
the Holston and Clinch Bivers of Ten- 
nessee, and Shawnees from the broad 
forested stretches of the Scioto River, 
found in eastern Kentucky, as did the 
Chickasaws and other tribes in the west- 
ern portion of our State, a happy hunt- 
ing ground, but one in which there al- 
ways lurked death and disaster at the 
hands of an ambushed foe. "With varied 
mineral riches well within their grasp, 
these Aborigines preferred to waste 
their time in slaughtering their distant 
kinsmen. Whether the grievances caus- 
ing these conflicts were' real or fancied, 
it is a fact that in the inability of the 
Indians to see and appreciate in the 
coals of this and adjoining states a great 
source of strength and material advance- 
ment to their position, they had lost out 
in the coming struggle with the white 
man long before Columbus ever set foot 
on the soil of San Salvador in 1492. 

Dr. Walker's Discovery. 

Though La Salle in his hypothecated 
descent from the headwaters of the Al- 
legheny to the Palls of the Ohio in 1669- 
70 3 would have passed by the eastern 
Kentucky coal field, he left no record in- 
dicating that he found coar during these 
explorations. To Father Hennepin, 4 a 
French Jesuit missionary, who in 1679 
recorded the site of a "cole mine" on the 
Illinois river near the present city of Ot- 



" Life and Writings of John Filson, R. T. 
Durrett, 1884, p. 32. 

4 Mineral Resources of U. S. U. S. G. S. 
1909, p. 24. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



25 



tawa, Illinois, must be given the credit 
lor first noting the occurrence and prac- 
tical use of coal in the United States. 
This ancient mine, however, was in Ken- 
tucky, and though others are reported to 
have seen the boundary and interior of 
the State at various times from 1543 to 
1700, it remained for Dr. Thomas 
Walker on April 13, 1750, to be the first 
representative of the Caucasian race to 
■discover and use the coal of Kentucky. 
Five years later, in 1755, 5 coal was dis- 
covered in the Indian Territory north of 
the Ohio Eiver in what is now the State 
■of Ohio. In the same year Lewis' Evans' 
map of the Ohio-Kentueky region was 
published showing coal in what is now 
Greenup and Boyd Counties, Kentucky. 
Dr. "Walker's memorable discovery 
occurred, as his diary shows, the 
evening of the first day that he 
set foot upon what is now Ken- 
tucky soil. Dr. Walker, who was an 
able, ingenuous and observing civil engi- 
neer, as well as a physician, had been 
employed by the Loyal Land Company 
of Virginia on December 12, 1749, "to 
go to the westward in order to discover 
and prepare a place for a settlement." 6 
At the head of a small party he had toil- 
ed through the uncharted mountain val- 
leys and passes of southwestern Virginia 
and Tennessee, and had come up to the 
vicinity of the Cumberland Gap early in 
April. His diary which has been so ably 
interpreted by J. Stoddard Johnson tells 
•of his important discovery, and gives by 
way of inference, the first use of this 
mineral resource. The diary reads: 



1 Mineral Resources of 
11)11, p. 25. 

* First Exnloration of Kentucky 
-Johnson. 1898, p. 33. 



U. S. U. S. G. S. 



"April 13, 1750. We went four miles 
to a large creek . . . and from thence 
six miles to a cave (Cumberland) Gap, 
the land being level. On the north side 
of the gap is a large spring . . . this 
gap may be seen at a considerable 
distance, and there is no other . . . 
At the foot of the hill on the northwest 
we came to the branch . . . that 
made a great deal of flat land. We kept 
down it two miles, ... we came 
out on the bank where we found very 
good coal. I did not see any limestone 
beyond this ridge." 7 

It is easy to picture the scene that 
first night in Kentucky. The locality to 
which Dr. Walker came was Bell County, 
within two miles of the Cumberland 
Gap. It was the combined occurrence 
of good drinking water and an almost 
providential deposit of loose surficial 
coal which caused Dr. Walker to locate 
his first camp at this spot, which it may 
be noted was located on one of the 
stretegic points of the old Warriors' 
Trail. At that time the English- Ameri- 
can whites were on friendly terms with 
the Cherokees. Dr. Walker probably 
found no occasion to detour from the 
good path, or conceal his camp or its 
fire in any way. What thoughts must 
have gone through his mind and those of 
his party as they sat there that night 
toasting themselves before a good coal 
fire and reflecting on the rugged country 
they had already passed, and the un- 
known territory before them. Already 
familiar with coal in Virginia, where it 
had been discovered in 1701, and was 
at the time of this pilgrimage in its first 



J. Stoddard 



7 First Exploration of Kentucky. J. Stoddard 
Johnson. 1898, pp. 48, 49 and 50. 



26 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



process of operation, 8 Dr "Walker an- 
nounced his discovery of coal in Ken- 
tucky in most prosaic terms. He was to 
find and see a great deal of coal before 
he had completed the territory of east- 
ern Kentucky. His diary states further : 

"April 23. . . . We all crossed 
the (Cumberland) River (four miles be- 
low where Barbourville now is located). 
We traveled about 12 miles and camped 
on Crooked Creek. The mountains are 
very small hereabouts, and here is a 
great deal of flat land. We got through 
the coal today." 9 

Dr. Walker had undoubtedly crossed 
what is now known as Knox County and 
a part of Laurel County and was in the 
region of the Pottsville Conglomerate on 
the Laurel River. We see further in 
this diary: 

"May 5 — We got to Tomlinson River 
(a tributary of the Laurel River). Here 
is plenty of coal on the south bank op- 
posite to our camp." 10 

This was undoubtedly the Inter-Con- 
glomerate coal of eastern Kentucky 
which may be frequently seen in the 
cliffs along the streams of this section of 
the State. 

"May 12— Under the rock (Pottsville 
Conglomerate) is a soft kind of stone 
almost like Allum. In passing below it 
a layer of coal twelve inches thick and 
white clay under that." 10 

At this time Dr. Walker was no doubt 
in the western part of Laurel County, 
and may have been on a southwestern 
flowing tributary of the Rockcastle 



Vol. 



8 New International Encyclopedia, 1920, 
V, p. 499. 

9 First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, pp. 52 and 53. 

x " First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, pp. 58 and 60. 



River. Day by day the journey to the 
north, and fiually around to the north- 
east and east was continued. Though 
the diary of Dr. Walker does not record 
for some little time the occurrence of 
coal in his travels, there is little doubt 
but what he found it frequently and 
made use of it at his camps. These in- 
ferences are not to be regarded as re- 
mote, since we find that just before he 
leaves Kentucky he makes the following 
statement : 

"June 19 — We got to Laurel Creek 
(head of the Tug Fork of the Big 
Sandy) early this morning, . . .and 
attempted to cross a mountain, . . . 
this ridge is nigh the eastern ridge of 
the coal land." 11 

Reading between the lines, one sees in 
Dr. Walker something of an able pros- 
pector, for he clearly delimits the ex- 
tent of the Appalachian coal fields as 
far as Kentucky is concerned. Though 
great credit is due him for his persever- 
ance and insight which made possible 
the discovery and use of coal by a white 
man in Kentucky 172 years ago, it must 
still be said in all fairness that he proba- 
bly had very little conception of, and 
attached less importance to the future 
of the great industry which he had so 
casually opened. 

Gist Exports Coal. 

Almost a year later Christopher Gist, 
another early and able surveyor in the 
employ of the Ohio Land Company of 
Maryland, set out from Oldtown, a point 
on the Potomac River, and circling up 
through Pennsylvania and Ohio, came 

» First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, pp. 70 and 71. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



27 



down into Kentucky in the spring of 
1751. He had intended as were his in- 
structions to go to the Falls of the Ohio 
to rind agricultural lands, but being in- 
formed that warring Indians were in 
that vicinity, he drifted to the south; 
and after merely glimpsing the broad 
level stretches of what is now known as 
the Blue Grass, plunged into the rugged 
foothills of the eastern coal field. Here 
he soon discovered the occurrence of 
coal, as his journal indicates. 

""Wednesday (March) 27, (1751). 
. . . On all branches of the little 
Cuttaway (Kentucky) River was plenty 
of coal, some of which I brought in to 
the Ohio Company." 12 

On the following day he again re- 
ports the discovery of coal as follows : 

"Thursday (March) 28, (1751). . . . 
set out southeast fifteen miles crossing 
creeks of the little Cuttaway (Kentucky) 
River. The land still being full of coal 
and black slate." 12 

He evidently regarded these min- 
eralogical discoveries as of some con- 
siderable importance, for it is noted 
again on : 

"Monday, April (1), 1751. . . . 
went down another creek to the Lick 
where blocks of coal 8 to 10 in. square 
lay upon the surface of the ground ; here 
we killed a bear and encamped." 13 

To the one who will read between the 
lines it is easy to re-depict the scene 
which followed. Gist and his party, 
travel-worn through many months spent 
in the wilderness of the Indian Territory 
to the north, and now particularly 



wearied from the rough Kentucky 
country through which they had just 
come, found here food, comfort and re- 
pose. That the occurrence of coal for 
a fine fire was quite as much the cause 
of their encampment as the killing of 
the bear can hardly be denied. Gist at 
this time was very close to if not on the 
Warriors' Trail, for his journal shows 
that two days later, on Wednesday, 
without having traveled any very great 
distance, he came : 

". . . to a small creek on which 
there was a large warriors' camp, that 
would contain 70 or 80 warriors; their 
captain's name or title was the Crane, 
as I knew by his picture or arms paint- 
ed on a tree." 13 

As in the case of Dr. Walker, how- 
ever, the common occurrence of coal evi- 
dently soon palled upon the imagination 
of Gist, who fails to make further men- 
tion concerning it. He continued his 
journey of adventure across the ridges 
and valleys, on the tributaries to the 
North Fork of the Kentucky River, and 
finally left the State through Pound Gap. 
He took back with him to his employers, 
the Ohio Company, specimens of the 
coals he found here. These were the 
first coals to be exported out of what is 
now known as the State of Kentucky. 
Although found within Virginia's west- 
ern territory, Gist exported them, for he 
took them with him on May 17, 1851, 14 
when he passed through Wood's Gap 
(Flower Gap) from Virginia to his home 
on the Yadkin River in North Carolina. 



" First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, p. 154. 



13 First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, p. 155. 

"First Explorations of Kentucky. J. Stod- 
dard Johnson. 1898, p. 162. 



28 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Kentucky's Coals Unappreciated. 

"With the breaking out of the French 
and Indian troubles in western North 
Carolina, western Virginia, and south- 
ern Ohio in 1754, 15 the migrations of 
those pioneers who might logically have 
followed in the footprints of Dr. Walker 
of a few years ago were held up in- 
definitely. The time was one of such 
gravity that many families actually re- 
turned eastward toward the old settle- 
ments of Virginia near the Atlantic. 16 
Among those who left their frontier 
homes to find security west of the moun- 
tains was Daniel Boone and his family. 
Such fragmentary records as come down 
to us deal principally with the border 
warfare which was at that time of in- 
finitely more importance than any of 
the mineral resources of Virginia's west- 
ern dominion. It was during this time, 
1754 to be exact, that John Filson tells 
us that James McBride made his pil- 
grimage across this State and cut his 
name on a tree at the mouth of the Ken- 
tucky Biver. 17 While he was certainly 
not the discoverer of Kentucky, as Fil- 
son claimed, he is illustrative of that 
group of intrepid explorers who con- 
tinued their pilgrimages through this 
State even during this period of extreme 
hostility, and of whom only partial and 
in many cases unreliable information is 
now to be secured. These men all came 
to Kentucky looking for broad, rich agri- 
cultural lands, well adapted to the 
plantation scheme of farming so well 
worked out in central and in eastern 



16 History of Southwest Virginia. Summers. 
1903, pp. 55, 56 and 57. 

10 Daniel Boone. Thwaites. 1909, pp 42, 43. 
" History of Kentucky. Collins. 1882, p. 519. 

17 Life of John Filson, Durrett. 1884, p. 31. 



Virginia. They were, for the most part, 
not interested in any of the mineral re- 
sources of the new area, and if they 
made any personal use of such coals as 
they may have found in their rambles, 
they probably failed to record it, since 
they regarded them as of little conse- 
quence. 

The treaty of Fontainebleau made by 
the French and English in 1762 resulted 
in a gradual cessation of Indian hostili- 
ties, 18 and in 1769, that memorable year, 
Boone with his party started what has 
come to be known as the "great inva- 
sion." Consisting of but small and in- 
frequent groups at first, these hardy 
pioneers and their families treading the 
Wilderness Trail became more and more 
frequent, until in the latter part of the 
18th century the stream of home seekers 
was an almost continuous one. Thou- 
sands thus found their way into what 
was to be Kentucky. Such fragmentary 
records as are preserved speak of the 
hardships of the journey, the dangers 
from the Indians, and the allurements 
of the promised land. While it must be 
admitted that these pilgrims had for 
their first and guiding motive a new, 
cheap and good agricultural location, it 
is impossible to believe that in passing 
through the rich coal fields of southeast- 
ern Kentucky they did not notice and 
make use of such coals for their fires as 
were readily available. 

John Filson published his book 19 in 
1784, and included with it a map of the 
same date showing the Wilderness as 
well as the Warriors' Trails passing 

18 History of Southwest Virginia. Summers. 
1903, pp. 76-78. 

10 Discovery, Settlement and Present State 
of Kentucky. Filson. 1784. 




AN EASTERN KENTUCKY BUCKET LINE TIPPLE. 

The coal is mined high on the mountain on the left of the rail- 
road and the Big Sandy River. It is brought by a cable line in buckets 
from the little loading house to the railroad tipple on the right where 
it is dumped into the cars. 





, v c.i , KK.1 LINE 'i':. PLE 

in the left of the '•; ii- 
[y River. II bn by h cable lini In buckets 

use fc U j .in i hu rig lit w'i 

i, i dump 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



29 



through Lincoln and Fayette counties. 
He makes a considerable point in de- 
scribing the agriculture and climate of 
Kentucky, and on his map takes pains 
to locate the Stations, Forts, Salt 
Springs, Licks, Towns, Building Houses, 
Mills and "Wigwams. In eastern Ken- 
tucky he indicates the mountain region, 
but he does not show a single coal out- 
crop or mine. It may be thus surmised 
that at this time the great coal fields of 
this State played a very small and in- 
significant part in the domestic and in- 
dustrial life of the new Commonwealth. 
Throughout his book, 19 there is no men- 
tion made of the vast coal deposits of 
Kentucky. 

INTEREST IN KENTUCKY COAL DEVELOPS. 

Yet with the growth of the population, 
it was only to be expected that interest 
would eventually develop in the mineral 
resources of the new area ; so we find 
that a few years later a number of pros- 
pectors have been making investigations 
throughout the State. 20 Imlay in his 
fascinating book speaks authoritatively 
of salt springs, beds of coal, limestone, 
clay for brick making, etc. Speaking of 
the mineral deposits of Kentucky, he 
says: 

". . . It is particularly favorable 
that this mineral (coal) lies at the heads 
of our larger rivers ; as it can be sent 
down with the greatest facility, . . . " 21 

Imlay 's statements have been more 
than substantiated by subsequent experi- 
ence. James Hall, whose portraiture of 



20 Topographical Distribution of the Territory 
of North America. G. Imlay. 179-'. 

21 A Topographical Description of the West- 
ern Territory of North America, etc. G. Im- 
lay (map;, Samuel Campbell, N. Y. 1793, p. 
125. 



early Kentucky is unsurpassed, when 
traveling through the Ohio valley and 
Kentucky during the first half of the 
nineteenth century availed himself of 
Imlay 's economic information, and noted 
its accuracy. 22 Towards the last of the 
18th century the economic demand for 
home made hardware, implements of 
steel and iron, became so great, due to 
the rapid increase of the population, that 
we find in 1790 23 the first iron furnace 
to be constructed west of the Allegheny 
Mountains was built near Owingsville 
in Bath, then Bourbon County. The ore 
here used was a siderite Avhich had 
weathered from an original limonite, a 
residual of the Onondaga limestone. 

Though wood charcoal was used in its 
smelting, Kentucky coals found their 
first real industrial use in the forging of 
refined products made from this iron ore. 
Stoves, other domestic utensils, and hard- 
ware were made on Slate Creek, a branch 
of the Licking River; and in 1814 dur- 
ing the second war with England four 
pound cannon balls were cast here and 
wagoned to the Licking River. Thence 
they were shipped by flat boat to New 
Orleans, where General Jackson used 
them in his engagements with the 
British. A number of cannon balls of 
this date and manufacture are still 
found occasionally in this section, and 
a number of them are held by anti- 
quarians as relics of this State's early 
development. The iron industry in Ken- 
tucky was in a large degree responsible 
for the first prospecting and early de- 
velopment of the coal industry in this 



22 Sketch of the West. James Hall. 1835, Vol. 
2, pp. 103-104. 

23 Geology of Kentucky. Miller. 1919. Series 
5, Bulletin 2, pp. 307-308-309. 



30 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



State. As late as 1853, Mather in mak- 
ing a reconnaissance for the promoters of 
the Lexington and Big Sandy Railroad 
notes the operation of coal mines in the 
northeastern district in conjunction with 
the Star Furnace, Buena Vista Furnace, 
Clinton Furnace, and Mount Savage 
Furnace. 24 

With the establishment of Statehood 
in 1792, and the growth of a more per- 
manent and stable economic and politi- 
cal relationship, the development of 
municipal centers at Lexington and 
Louisville, and elsewhere, there began 
to grow up a substantial and continued 
demand for coal for heating and indus- 
trial purposes. The coal banks adjacent 
to the navigable and semi-navigable 
streams of eastern and western Kentucky 
were searched for their available coal, 
and these began to be studied in a 
sporadic way by the natives, who loaded 
home made flat boats and took them 
down with the tide to points from which 
they could be distributed by wagon. Lex- 
ington as well as some of the other 
smaller cities of the Blue Grass area, 
being somewhat removed from the Ken- 
tucky Biver in distance, had but a small 
coal trade for many years. The steep 
ascent from the Kentucky River gorge, 
made it practically impossible for this 
section of the State to secure as large 
quantities of cheap coal as the trade de- 
manded. In 1805 Lexington is report- 
ed to have consumed about 13,000 
bushels, 25 or 494 short tons. This amount 
of coal could easily be carried in a few 



coal cars. At Frankfort and Louisville, 
however, these obstacles were not en- 
countered. The capital city of Kentucky, 
much smaller than Lexington, consum- 
ed about 200 tons per annum, and Louis- 
ville, the largest municipal consumer in 
the State, had an abundant supply of 
very cheap coal from Kentucky River 
mines on the Ohio River traffic. The coal 
industry grew apace in these localities, 
as a number of early newspaper items 26 
and miscellaneous records show. At the 
same time coal lands in Kentucky were 
cheap, difficult to dispose of and com- 
monly traded in barter for tobacco, 
flour, beef, pork or whiskey. Francois 
Andre Michaux, a Frenchman of real 
ability, in traveling clown the Ohio River 
in 1802 notes in respect to northeastern 
Kentucky that : ' ' The chalky stone, and 
abundant coal mines which lie useless, 
are the only mineral substances worthy 
of notice." 27 

The first quarter of the 19th cen- 
tury was one of broad intellectual, agri- 
cultural and industrial development in 
Kentucky. Transylvania University at 
Lexington, Ky., founded a chair of 
Natural Science, which was filled by 
Constantine Smaltz Rafinesque 28 in 1819. 
Though interested principally in botany, 
Rafinesque 's unusual and eccentric tal- 
ents found no limit for their application. 
He claimed for his own the whole field of 
science, including geology. While his 



21 Geological Examination of the Lands 
Through Which Passes the Lexington and Big 
Sandy Railroad. Mather. Pub. Pudney & 
Russell. 1S54, pp. 9 and 10. 

25 History of Kentucky. Collins. 18S2, pp. 407, 
408. 



2C History of Kentucky. Collins. 18S2, pp. 
407, 408. 

27 Travels to the West of the Allegheny 
Mountains in . . . Ohio, Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee . . . undertaken in . . . 1802. F. 
A. Michaux. 1805. London. Rept. Ed. by R. 
G. Thwaits, 1904, Cleveland, p. 223. 

28 Life and Writings of Rafinesque. R. E. 
Call. Filson Club, 1895. 

28 International Encyclopedia, 1920. Vol. 19, p. 
482. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



31 



•observations were many and generally of 
a discerning character while within his 
own particular fields of botany, conchol- 
ogy. ichthyology, his geological conclu- 
sions as revealed in his ' ' Ancient Annals 
of Kentucky," 29 are not only impossible, 
but grotesque. He says, "By operation 
of submarine volcanoes, the strata of 
coal, clay, and amyglavid are formed and 
intermixed at various and intermittent 
times with the above strata." 30 . "With 
such an erroneous conception of the geo- 
logy of coal held by those of supposed 
scientific authority, is it any wonder 
that the development of this great min- 
eral resource of Kentucky was so long 
embarrassed ? 

Industrial Expansion. 

Although for many years during the 
early part of the 19th century Kentucky 
oities and villages located along the Ohio 
River made use of a great deal of Penn- 
sylvania and "West Virginia mined coal 
shipped in barges down this natural 
thoroughfare, the uncertain nature of 
this traffic, due to the lack of adequate 
repositories along the river, tended 
gradually towards its discontinuance. 31 
The fact that all of Kentucky's streams 
of any importance find either their head- 
waters or middle courses in Kentucky 
coal fields began at this time to facilitate 
the development of the coal industry of 
this State. The expansion was not, how- 
ever, as rapid as might have been ex- 
pected for several reasons. 

Kentucky streams have always been 
subject to high and low water, and these 



conditions before the improvement of 
the river by locking became gradually 
worse rather than better, due to the grad- 
ual deforestation of the highland water- 
sheds. River traffic was, therefore, sub- 
jected to short and uncertain periods of 
fairly high water, which unfortunately 
were the identical periods in which large 
amounts of timber, both loose and rafted, 
were floated down the streams. The log- 
ging industry was, therefore, a serious 
handicap to the coal barging or flat boat- 
ing industry; and although the amount 
of coal mined and shipped from Ken- 
tucky by river continued to grow, it did 
so in the face of great handicaps. 32 With 
the construction of the Frankfort and 
Lexington railroad, in 1835, it was ex- 
pected that a Blue Grass outlet would be 
provided for the Kentucky River and 
mountain traffic ; but due to the transfer 
of goods required at Frankfort, this 
freight business did not materialize. 33 

It is uncertain at what exact date the 
production of coal in Kentucky for in- 
trastate transportation and use began to 
take real form. The extent of the coal 
fields and many of their best seams were 
known to the natives and the interested 
public as early as 1810. In 1820 Wil- 
liam D. McLean opened what became 
known later as the "McLean drift bank" 
on the Greon River, and this mine is re- 
garded as the first commercial operation 
in the western coal field. 34 During the 
'20 's there appears to have been a con- 



29 History of Kentucky. Marshall. 1824, pp. 9 
to 39. 

*> History of Kentucky. Marshall. 1824, p. 14. 

31 T'nited States Census. 1880. Vol. 15, pp. 
893-894. 



32 Geological Examination of the Lands 
Through Which Passes the Lexington and Big- 
Sandy Kailroad. Mather. Pub. Pudney & Rus- 
sell, 1854, p. 12. 

33 Kentucky River Navigation. Verhoeff. Pil- 
son Club, 1917, p. 109. 

34 Coal Mining and Its Bearing on the Coal 
Industry- Ky. State Hist. Soc, Reg., Vol. 
12, No. 35, May, 1914, Rothert, pp. 33-36. 



32 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



siderable movement looking towards the 
development of Kentucky coal for indus- 
trial and domestic purposes. The No. 11 
or Herrin coal about five feet in thick- 
ness was opened and operated by several 
small mines at Bon Harbor in Daviess 
County as early as 1825. 35 Statistics are 
available showing that 328 short tons of 
coal were mined and sold in Kentucky 
in the year 1828. 36 From thence on, the 
development is one of continuous expan- 
sion. 

By 1830 the volume of coal produced 
in Kentucky had grown to 2,000 tons, 
and in 1837 it was 10,000 tons. During 
this decade Mud River coal was wagoned 
with ox teams in a three day haul to 
Russellville, and Green River barges be- 
came the recognized source of coal for 
Evansville, 37 Indiana, and Henderson, 
Kentucky. The late thirties witnessed 
a notable increase in the interest in coal 
and iron developments of the State. 
David Trimble, speaking before the Ken- 
tucky legislature, under date of Feb- 
ruary 12, 1838, 38 says : 

"No geological surveys have as 
yet been authorized by the State, 
and no scientific researches or in- 
vestigations have been made by in- 
dividuals. All that is known has 
been collected from men of business 
or men in search of subsistence, and not 
from men of science. . . . The exist- 
ence of coal and iron ore was known to 
the first settlers of the country, but at 
that period and for many years there- 



35 History of Daviess County. Inter-State 
Pub. Co., 1883, pp. 251-252. 

30 Mineral Resources of the U. S. Geol. Sur- 
vey, 1906, p. 5S0. 

37 Coal Mining- and Its Bearing on the Coal 
Industry. Ky. State Hist. Soc, Reg-., Vol. 12, 
No. 35, May, 1914, Rothert, pp. 33-36. 

38 Ky. House Journ., 1837-1S38, pp. 466-485. 



after the inducements to explore the 
wilderness in search of either were not 
sufficient to justify the expense and loss 
of time; but the demand for coal and 
iron has increased so much and is in- 
creasing so rapidly that the necessary 
and proper examinations cannot be much 
longer delayed. Even now the people 
of the rich limestone lands are looking to 
the hills for future supplies of coal for 
fuel, and the iron interest is of too much 
importance to the community at large to 
be much longer forgotten or neglected. ' ' 
It was indeed a time of awakening for 
Kentucky from a mineralogical stand- 
point, and the Committee on Internal 
Improvements of the State made history 
when it succeeded in securing the adop- 
tion of resolutions instructing the Gov- 
ernor to appoint an able geologist to 
make a reconnaissance of the mineral 
and agricultural resources of Kentucky. 
Governor Clark selected Dr. William 
Williams Mather, 39 of New York, whose 
report consisting of 40 pages was pub- 
lished by the State in 1838, and is the 
first authentic paper on the coal and 
mineral resources of Kentucky. 40 Sepa- 
rate copies of this early geological re- 
port are now exceedingly rare, and only 
one or two are believed to be in existence 
besides the copy now in the Kentucky 
Geological Survey Library at Frankfort. 
After calling attention to the great va- 
riety of undeveloped mineral resources 
in the State, outlining the two Kentucky 
coal fields, and estimating roughly their 



30 History of the Kentucky Geological Sur- 
vey, 1838-1921, W. R. Jillson, Register of the 
Ky. State Hist. Soc, Vol. 19, No 57, Sept., 
1921, p. 91. 

10 Jour. Ky. Senate, 1839. Appendix, pp. 253- 
292. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



33 



potential value, Mather gave suggestions 
for the formation of a geological survey. 

Kentucky Geological Survey 
Established. 

Nothing was done, however, in this 
respect until 1854, when, following the 
passage of authorizing legislation in the 
General Assembly, Governor Lazarus W. 
Powell appointed Dr. David Dale Owen, 
of New Harmony, Indiana, State Geo- 
logist of Kentucky. 41 Owen organized 
the first Kentucky Geological Survey im- 
mediately, and began forthwith the pub- 
lication of detailed investigations out- 
lining the definite extent of the eastern 
and western coal fields, and the correct 
enumeration and qualitative study of 
the many coal seams. Unfortunately, he 
and his assistants confined themselves 
closely to the geology of their subjects, 
and their reports for this reason contain 
very little information throwing light 
on the development of the coal industry 
in this State up to 1854. 

The growth of the coal industry in 
Kentucky, however, had proceeded 
apace, each year witnessing the addition 
of several thousand tons of an aggregate 
production. In 1840 the amount had in- 
creased to 23,527 tons, which in 1845 
had more than quadrupled itself to 
100.000, and this was increased one-half 
again to 150,000 tons in 1850, 42 by which 
time a large number of wagon and river 
bank or barge mines had become prolific 
on the Big Sandy, Licking, Kentucky, 
Cumberland, Green, and Tradewater 

41 History of the Kentucky Geological Sur- 
vey, 1838-1921, W r . R. Jillson, Register of the 
Ky. State Hist. Soc, Vol. 19, No. 57, Sept., 
1921, p. 95. 

43 Production of Coal in Kentucky, Bulletin 
No. 4, Series 5, Ky. Geol. Survey, 1921. W. R. 
Jillson, pp. ieO-161. 



Rivers. In the western coal field of 
Henderson 43 County a number of small 
surface mines were in operation at this 
time, and to the south in Muhlenberg 
County one of the old coal properties in 
this portion of the State, the Mud River 
Mine, which had been opened in 1830, 
was enjoying a rather large and profit- 
able development by river barging and 
by wagons. 44 At the time the construc- 
tion of the Lexington and Big Sandy 
Railroad, now the Chesapeake and Ohio 
Railroad, was being proposed in 1853, 
William Williams Mather was again 
brought into Kentucky to report 
upon the economic geology and min- 
eral resources between Lexington and 
Ashland along the proposed route. 
After disposing of the other min- 
erals of the region he calculates 
that at that time enough coal is to 
be found in this region to last 200 years 
on a basis of the transportation of 600,- 
000 tons per annum, which it must be re- 
marked was a stupendous figure for that 
day and time. He says further: "Lex- 
ington and the country along and near 
the railroad line in that vicinity have 
been partially supplied with coal from 
the Kentucky River, but the expense and 
risks of transportation have been too 
heavy to bring the coal into general 



use. 



"45 



Civil War Causes Depression. 

At the time of the beginning of the 
Civil War the coal production in Ken- 



43 History of Henderson County. Starling, 
1887, p. 130. 

44 History of Muhlenberg County. Rothert, 
1913, pp. 391-392. 

41 Geological Examination of the Lands 
Through Which Passes the Lexington and Big 
Sandy Railroad. Mather. Pub. Pudney & 
Russell, 1854, p. 11. 



34 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



tucky had reached the then large figure 
of 280,000 tons per annum. This volume, 
however, began to decrease, and had 
dropped to 200,000 tons at the close of 
the hostilities in 1865. "When one re- 
flects on the widespread and continuous 
social, political and industrial disruption 
of Kentucky during this terrible period, 
the wonder grows that a volume as large 
as that recorded could have been pro- 
duced. During the reconstruction 
period, the industrial, depression of the 
State and the inability of domestic con- 
sumers to pay for many things which 
then as now were considered household 
necessities is reflected in the greatly de- 
creased amount of coal produced. In 
the year 1870 the volume of Kentucky 
mined coal had been reduced to 150.582 
tons. 4G 

The Coal Industry Reborn. 

Fortunately, this condition was not 
to last for long. With the general in- 
troduction of powder for mining coal in 
both the eastern and western coal fields 
in the latter '60 's, 47 and the reorganiza- 
tion, consolidation, expansion, and im- 
provement of many of Kentucky's 
"short line" bankrupt railroads, during 
the '70 's, the industry at once came back 
and grew at the rate of about 100,000 
tons per year until 1879, when the 
1,000,000 ton mark was reached. 

This large volume of increase reflects 
not only the opening of new mines and 
increased demand throughout the State 
and the Ohio River Valley, but the grad- 
ual introduction of new mining methods 



46 Production of Coal in Kentucky, Bull 4, 
Series 5, Ky. Geol. Survey. W. R. Jills'on, 
1920, p. 161. 

« History of Muhlenberg- County. O. A. Rotli- 
ert, 1S60-70, p. 394. 



whereby labor and overhead costs of 
mining were reduced, and daily tonnage 
was at the same time increased. The old 
fashioned candles and Dutch lamps came 
to be displaced by new inventions burn- 
ing oil, and later, carbide. Heavy steel 
wedges and sledges, and iron rakes, so 
essential to the early coal miner's "kit," 
were abandoned in favor of new hand 
drills and scrapers, which later came to 
be greatly improved upon by the appli- 
cation of electricity. Man labor on the 
mine cars was replaced by mules, and 
these in turn by electric motors driven 
over steel tracks instead of loose wooden 
rails. 

More recently, the practice of hand 
undercutting and auger drilling, follow- 
ed by the dangerous antiquated method 
of shooting from the solid, common dur- 
ing the '80 's and '90 's has been abandon- 
ed. Electrically operated steel chain 
cutting machines, drills, and shooting 
devices have taken their place. The in- 
dustry constantly troubled with growing 
pains has appropriated hundreds of new 
devices to alleviate its internal conges- 
tion and speed up production. Foremost 
among these must be mentioned modern 
ventilating systems making use of con- 
tinuous motor driven blowers, which 
have greatly improved conditions in 
Kentucky coal mines from the operator's 
as well as the miner's standpoint. 

The recent tendency towards standard- 
ization of mine operation, the employ- 
ment of scientific methods beneath the 
surface, and the economical construc- 
tion of tipples and miscellaneous equip- 
ment throughout, has been largely re- 
sponsible for the wonderful growth of 






Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



35 



the coal industry in Kentucky during 
recent years. To these fundamental 
factors must, of course, be added the all 
important headwaters extension of Ken- 
tucky "s mountain railroads duriug the 
last few years. These railroad exten- 
sions have made possible the entrance 
into this State of the Aladdin-like great 
corporations which with almost unlimit- 
ed capital have undertaken the operation 
of unit coal fields such as the Elkhorn, 
in which scores of mines built around 
new and especially constructed sanitary 
mining towns are operated under a 
single management. 

Labor Troubles. 

The development of the coal fields of 
Kentucky, like that of every other field 
in the United States, has not been ac- 
complished without a number of un- 
fortunate misunderstandings between 
the owners and their employees. During 
the early years of this industry in Ken- 
tucky, the mines were so largely op- 
erated by unorganized native labor that 
there was really little cause and no op- 
portunity for concerted action on the 
part of labor. The general conditions 
were all that could be expected at the 
time, and there was little dissatisfaction. 
Shortly following the coming of the 
paid union worker and agitator and 
their attempts to organize the miners, 
especially in the western field, there de- 
veloped the first strikes. One of the 
earliest and most notable of these was 
the strike of 1886-87 caused by demands 
of the miners for the appointment of 
check weighmen, i. e., a person to repre- 



sent them and paid by them to weigh 
their coal. 48 

In 1889 there was a three months' 
strike in the Jellico region which was 
chiefly responsible for the year's short- 
age. Estimates received from the mine 
operators placed the loss due to the 
strike at not less than 1,000,000 bushels 49 
or 60,800 tons. This, with the mild 
winter, caused the coal production of 
Kentucky for the year 1889 to fall be- 
low that of 1888, when the production 
in the State was 2,570,000 tons. The 
production for 1889 was 2,399,755 tons. 
Eight years later, 1897, Whitley County 
fell from the second to fifth place in the 
line of production due to an extended 
strike in the Jellico district. 50 

Small or localized disturbances have 
been experienced at different times in 
the western Kentucky coal field from this 
date on, but nothing approaching a large 
tie-up of the industry occurred until a 
drivers' strike started at Central City 
in April of 1920. In the confusion which 
followed the general walkout, other 
mines became more or less involved, and 
for a time the situation appeared very 
threatening, but was finally settled at 
the end of six weeks, not, however, with- 
out a considerable loss in production. 

During the past eighteen months prob- 
ably the most severe labor disturbance 
that has ever affected the coal industry 
of Kentucky occurred in the Tug Fork 
section of Pike County, Kentucky, and 
Mingo County, "West Va., centering 
about Williamson, Chattaroy, and 



■"Third Annual Report, Kentucky Inspector 
of Mines. 1886. Norwood, p. 11. 

49 Sixth Annual Report, Ky. State Inspector 
of Mines, 1889, p. 9. 

50 Report, Kentucky Inspector of Mines, 1897. 
G. W. Stone, p. 30. 



36 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Mattewan. Although, a number of in- 
tricate and somewhat confused principles 
have been involved in this strike, the real 
issue seems to have been the attempt of 
the United Mine "Workers branch of the 
American Federation of Labor to union- 
ize the Kentucky and West Virginia 
mines of this district in the face of op- 
position of the operators and a consider- 
able percentage of the native mine work- 
ers themselves. The conflict early in 
1921 assumed serious proportions and 
literally became a real border warfare be- 
tween armed bodies of guards and out- 
laws. 

During the present year both Ken- 
tucky and "West Virginia State troops 
were called in to restore order. It was 
finally only through the intervention of 
President Harding, with the dispatch of 
a regiment of U. S. infantry and ma- 
chine gun units, that peace and order 
were secured. This same executive order 
operated to turn back a body of 5,000 
unionized miners, who had started from 
other points in "West Virginia to march 
into the Williamson area, and thus 
further complicate the situation. Though 
not at the present settled, this titanic 
labor struggle of the hills of eastern 
Kentucky and West Virginia gives 
promise of some sort of reasonable solu- 
tion in the near future. Needless to say, 
its extent geographically, and duration, 
has seriously impaired the production of 
Kentucky coal for the years 1920-21 
from the Pond Creek region of Pike 
County, where a loss of 300,000 tons has 
been estimated by the office of the State 
Mine Inspector of Kentucky. 



Remedial Coal, Mining Legislation. 

With the rapid increase in importance 
of the coal mining in Kentucky, legisla- 
tion looking toward the control and safe- 
guarding of the industry began to be 
enacted by the Kentucky General As- 
sembly towards the latter part of the 
18th century. In 1884, the State legis- 
lature created the office of State In- 
spector of Mines, and Prof. C. J. Nor- 
wood, who had been employed as assist- 
ant geologist by Prof. Nathaniel South- 
gate Shaler and Mr. John R. Proctor, on 
the 2nd Kentucky Geological Survey, 
was appointed to the new office by Gov- 
ernor J. Proctor Knott. 51 

The old trouble between the operators 
and miners concerning the amount of 
coal mined was settled on May 18, 1886, 
when a bill was passed through the State 
Assembly providing for a check weigh- 
man for miners where there were as 
many as 20 miners employed in a mine 
and the majority of those employed in 
any such mine demanded the services of 
a check weighman. 52 

In 1887, the General Assembly passed 
a law regulating the ventilation of 
mines. 53 This was the beginning of arti- 
ficial ventilation of all operations. Here- 
tofore, with few exceptions, natural ven- 
tilation had been the only means pro- 
vided. In 1892, a bill was passed by the 
legislature which provided for an as- 
sistant inspector of mines. 54 A year 
later, by legislative action, the State In- 
spector of Mines was made the Curator 

" First and Second Annual Report of the 
Ky. State Inspector of Mines, 1884, p. 5. 

62 Report Kentucky State Inspector of Mines, 
1894, p. 200. 

63 Report Kentucky State Inspector of Mines, 
1889, p. 6. 

54 Report Kentucky State Inspector of Mines, 
1S92, p. 3. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



37 



of the Kentucky Geological Survey, 55 
which as directed by John Kobert 
Proctor had just been abolished. 

In 1898 a law was passed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly requiring the coal mining 
companies to pay :heir employees before 
the 16th of the month following the 
month in which the service was rendered. 
This bill also made it illegal for coal 
companies to coerce their employees into 
buying their supplies from any certain 
store or corporation. 56 

The employment of children in Ken- 
tucky coal mines had become somewhat 
general in the late '90 's, and in 1902 
there was a child labor law 57 passed af- 
fecting mine employees. This law made 
it illegal to employ a child under 14 
years of age in the mines. A miners' 
oil law was passed in 1906, 5S which re- 
quired all oil used for illuminating pur- 
poses in mines to be inspected and ap- 
proved by the chief mine in- 
spector. The State Mine Inspector 
had urged the passage of this bill 
in every report from 1892 to 1906, 
when it was passed. In the same 
year a bill was passed authorizing the 
chief mine inspector to settle all dis- 
putes between employers and employees 
in regard to the mine scales for the 
weighing of coal. The child labor law 
was amended in the same year, limiting 
the labor hours of work of children 
under 16 years of age. Additional con- 
structive legislation was written in 1908. 
These new statutes required mine fore- 



56 Report Kentucky State Inspector of Mines, 
1803, p. 5. 

" Report Kentucky State Inspector of Mines, 
G. W. Stone, 1900, pp. 286-287. 

" Report Ky. Inspt. of Mines, 1902, p. 15, on 
mining laws — form given. 

58 Report Ky. Inspt. of Mines, 1905-6, p. 248, 
form of both laws given. 



men to pass an examination held by the 
chief inspector of mines with two as- 
sistant inspectors, before they were eligi- 
ble for the position of mine foremen. 59 
Following a tendency of recent years, 
the General Assembly of 1920 passed 
legislation regulating wash rooms and 
other sanitary conveniences for coal 
mines. 60 

Kentucky Coal Markets. 

From the earliest times, as was only 
natural, a very considerable proportion 
of the coal produced in Kentucky was 
consumed within the State. In the days 
of the infancy of the industry, however,, 
the percentage of Kentucky coal used by 
Ohio River towns was not as large as it- 
might have been, due to a popular preju- 
dice in favor of Pennsylvania River 
barged coal. This trend of public 
feeling was justified about the middle of 
the 19th century, due to a really inferior 
grade of coal produced by a number of 
our river mines. With the larger de- 
velopment of the industry in the '80 's, 
this undesirable fuel which had always 
constituted a small part of the total pro- 
duction was forced by a growing compe- 
tition out of the market. Yet Louisville 
in 1884-85 consuming annually 500,000 
to 600.000 tons 61 purchased only a small 
percentage of the Kentucky product, and 
Cincinnati with a total annual consump- 
tion of 1,675,841 tons used no Kentucky 
coal except a small portion of the pro- 
duct of the mines of Boyd and Lawrence 
counties. The greater part of the pro- 

" Report Ky. Inspt. of Mines, 1908, p. 7, 
reference to law. 

m Acts of Gen. Assembly of Ky., 1920, Chapter 
20. 

61 First and Second Rep., Ky. Inspt. Mines. 
1884-85, pp. 18, 19, 20. 



38 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



duction of the mines of the section of 
Kentucky adjacent to the Cincinnati 
Southern Railway which was exported 
went, not to the north but to southern 
markets. During this decade, it will be 
seen, Kentucky coals were not known 
and did not have a reputation in the 
northern industrial centers. This repu- 
tation had to be established before the 
market was ready to accept the product 
of this State in large quantities. The 
absence of any large industrial demand 
within Kentucky then as now, coupled 
with this unfortunate lack of informa- 
tion concerning Kentucky coal in the 
north, operated effectively to retard the 
development and hold down the total 
production of the State for many years. 
In 1889 the completion of the Chesa- 
peake & Ohio Railroad from Ashland to 
Cincinnati gave an outlet to a much in- 
creased production in the northeastern 
district to new markets in Chicago and 
the northwest 62 generally. 

It is a fact well remembered by the 
older generations that the development 
of Kentucky coal fields, especially the 
eastern field, passed through a remark- 
able "boom" during the middle '80 's 
which for a time facilitated all opera- 
tions, but later had a very retarding ef- 
fect. About the year 1886 a great deal 
of interest in the exploitations of sev- 
eral portions of the eastern coal field de- 
veloped in promotion circles in Louis- 
ville. A Mr. F. D. Carley started a land 
and mineral corporation, and built a 
railroad to Jackson, in Breathitt County. 
In 1890 this corporation had 500,000 
acres upon the waters of the Kentucky 



River. The coal promotion craze spread 
like a grass fire. English capitalists 
founded Middlesborough and published 
much concerning it. Louisville pro- 
moters undertook to do the same for 
Pineville, Barbourville, Beattyville, Ky., 
and Big Stone Gap, Virginia. The 
Louisville and Nashville Railroad was 
extended to Cumberland Gap and up 
Powell's Valley, Virginia, to meet the 
Atlantic connection of the Norfolk and 
Western Railroad. Iron furnaces were 
built at Middlesborough which became 
greatly over boomed. Building front- 
ages sold as high as $400.00 per foot that 
had been worth little or nothing a few 
years previously. The boom began to 
deflate itself about 1890, and in 1893 63 
the general panic reduced eastern Ken- 
tucky coal lands and town property to 
its small actual value. But the havoc 
wrought was not repaired for a number 
of years to come. 

The fine qualities of the coal of Ken- 
tucky, however, gradually forced their 
own way into the open market. In 1892, 
market studies show that Louisville had 
increased her consumption of Kentucky 
mined coal from 124,159 tons in 1884 to 
412,443 tons, 04 or 232% in eight years. 
Yet contemporary history says: 

". . . Notwithstanding the large 
amount of coal brought to Louisville by 
rail (Kentucky coal), there has been no 
decrease in the amount of Pittsburgh 
coal brought here, the Kentucky coal 
rarely keeping pace with the increased 
annual consumption. ' ' C5 



62 Sixth Ann. Rept. Ky. Inspt. Mines, 
p. 9. 



03 Memorial History, Louisville. J. S. John- 
son, 1896, Vol. I, p. 113. 

04 Rept. Ky. Inspt. of Mines, 1892, p. 50. 

65 Memorial History, Louisville. J. S. John- 
son, 1896, Vol. I, p. 248. 




THE PRIDE OF EASTERN KENTUCKY. 

The view shows seven and a half feet (ninety inches) of clean Elk- 
horn coal at Jenkins, Letcher County, Ky. This property is operated 
by the Consolidation Coal Company. The Elkhorn coal is very low in 
sulphur and ash and high in heat units. It has no equal for many in- 
dustrial purposes. 




I 

■ . q and a : nine! C clee Blk- 

tcher Counfcj K rhi ■< opei tj is ip srat id 

ligation i us Ikhorn < oal .-■ i >v in 

ad high in hei units. It 3 [ual Uor many in- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



39 



The World's Fair at Chicago in 1893 
provided the means for a most rapid na- 
tional educational program concerning 
the coals of Kentucky and their respect- 
ive merits which was readily seized by 
the State with very beneficial results. 
The following relative to coal is taken 
from a letter 66 to the Inspector of Mines 
from Col. M. H. Crump of Bowling 
Green, who had charge of the Kentucky 
mineral exhibit : ' ' The exhibit attract- 
ed great attention, and was excelled by 
no state in the union, and was only 
equalled by West Virginia in its quantity 
and excellence, . . . more than 30 
awards, carrying medals and diplomas, 
setting forth the various qualities of the 
coal, were received. It was a source of 
much surprise to the world to find that 
Kentucky claimed to be a mineral State, 
as theretofore it had been known chiefly 
from its livestock and agricultural pro- 
ducts. In cannel coal it far exceeded 
any other state. ... No less than 
50 papers, from Main to California, re- 
produced the cut, with a description. 
Not less than 400,000 visitors passed 
under the arch and inspected, more or 
less critically, the exhibit ; of these, more 
than 75,000 left their names upon the 
register. . . . " 

The popularizing effect of the Ken- 
tucky coal exhibit was tremendous, as a 
study of the production figures for the 
State in the late '90 's will show. In the 
last decade of the old century nearly 
three million tons was added to Ken- 
tucky's production, thereby doubling it. 
This coal was shipped through by rail to 
large and rapidly growing markets in 



the industrial centers of Ohio, Indiana, 
Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan, and 
laid the basis of the excellent reputation 
and large demand found for Kentucky 
coal in those manufacturing portions of 
the United States today. 

A Notable Record op Expansion. 

Comparisons serve well to illustrate 
the shifting growth and expansion of 
the coal industry of Kentucky from the 
middle '80 's, when it may be said to have 
been reborn, down to the present year 
1921. In 1886-87 67 there were 43 mines 
operated in the western coal field, 8 in 
the northeastern coal field and 24 in the 
southeastern field, a total of 75 for the 
entire State. In 1920 the total number 
of mines in Kentucky was 834, or an in- 
crease of 1012 per cent. The amount of 
money put into circulation in 1885 68 by 
coal mining was: Western field, $790,- 
000 ; eastern field, $745,000 ; totaling $1,- 
535,000. The value of the coal produced 
in Kentucky in 1920 was $159,457,380, 
or 103 times as much as the total of 
1885. 

The growth of the coal industry is 
well shown by an examination of the 
production records of the various coal 
counties within the State. While the 
original discovery of coal was made in 
1750 in what is now Bell County, it was 
in the western coal field county of 
Muhlenberg that the first commercial 
mine was operated in 1820. Following 
the lead of Muhlenberg County, the 
western coal field saw the first com- 
mercialization on a large scale, Hopkins, 
Muhlenberg and Ohio standing at the 



" Report Ky. Inspt. of Mines, 1893, p. 156. 



" Third Ann. Rept. Ky. Inspt. Mines, 1886. 
Norwood, p. 5. 
68 Ann. Rept. Ky. Inspt. Mines, 1884-85. 



40 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



top of the production list in the order 
named in 1885. 69 

In 1890, with Hopkins County leading, 
"Whitley (Jellico field) first rose to sec- 
ond place, relegating Ohio to third in 
rank. Ohio came back to second place 
again in '91 and '92, but in '93 lost it 
again to Whitley, which was permanent- 
ly displaced for second rank by Muhlen- 
berg in 1903. In the meantime in 1901 
Johnson and Morgan came in as pro- 
ducers in the northeastern field and were 
followed by the entrance into the pro- 
ductive ranks of Pike in 1904 ; Floyd in 
1906; "Wayne in 1910 (produced this 
year only) ; Harlan in 1911 ; McCreary, 
Letcher and Perry in 1912 ; and Jackson 
in 1915. Hopkins continued the pro- 
ductive leadership until 1908, when it 
was relegated to the second place by 
Muhlenberg. Bell had risen in 1905 to 
third place and maintaining it in 1908 
carried this position until 1915, when 
Hopkins displaced it. In 1914 Pike 
County, which had first produced in 
1904 and was considered a virgin coal 
county, took the lead in production from 
Muhlenberg, which had held it almost 
continuously since 1908. Again in 1916 
Letcher, which had come into the list 
of producers in 1912, became the largest 
producer of coal in Kentucky. In 1919, 
the latest date for which detailed figures 
are available, Pike County, producing 
4,784,899 tons valued at $11,916,261, as 
much coal as the entire State produced 
annually until 1900, took and has since 
maintained the first rank of the thirty- 
two counties mining and exporting coal 
in Kentucky. 



69 Second Ann. Rept. Ky. Mine Insp., 1885, 
C. J. Norwood, p. 5. 



Manufacture of Coke. 

Coke is now produced in both the 
eastern and western coal fields of Ken- 
tucky. Although the best coking coals 
are now known to exist in the eastern 
coal field, and this field now produces 
the most coke, principally by-product, it 
was in the western field that the first coke 
was produced, in the commercial quanti- 
ty of 4,250 tons from 45 ovens in 1880. 70 
In 1887 71 the Clifton mines in Hopkins 
County were the only ones producing 
coke. The first commercial production of 
coke in the eastern field occurred in 
1889. The coke industry grew from 123 
ovens in 1889 72 to 279 in 1892, 73 and in 
1891 there were 32,693 tons of coke pro- 
duced. Up to and including 1900 the cok- 
ing industry in this State had depended 
for its existence chiefly upon the utiliza- 
tion of slack and mine run coal. Stimu- 
lated by the active demand for coke in 
1899 and 1900 the production increased 
to 95,532 tons valued at $235,505, or ap- 
proximately $2.46 per ton. In 1915, 
Kentucky, which had entered the by- 
product coke industry, produced 526,097 
tons of coke valued at $1,129,769. This 
had grown in 1917 to 863,071 74 tons of 
coke valued at $4,119,263. Of this 
amount, 531,539 tons valued at $2,324,- 
948, or considerably more than half, was 
by-product coke. Among the twenty- 
two coke producing states, headed by 
Pennsylvania, Kentucky has risen from 
16th place in 1913 to twelfth place on 
her total coke and fourth place on by- 
product coke alone in the year 1917. 75 

10 Min. Res. U. S. U. S. G. S., 1900, p. 497. 

71 Rept. Ky. Inspt. Mines, 1892, p. 61. 

72 Rept. Ky. Inspt Mines, 18S9, p. 25. 

73 Rept. Ky. Inspt. Mines, 1892, p. 4. 
"Min. Res. U. S. U. S. G. S., 1917, p. 1145. 
75 Min. Res. U. S. U. S. G. S., 1917, p. 1158. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



41 



Geology and Geography and Fuel 
Values of the Coals. 

To adequately outline the geology of 
the coals found in Kentucky would re- 
quire space far in excess of that allowed 
this paper. The main points may, how- 
ever, be stated within small compass. 
Kentucky 's coal fields are now two sep- 
arate and distinct units, though time 
was, when following the Paleozoic era 
for many, many ages they were actually 
a single coal field from Livingston Coun- 
ty on the Ohio in the west to Martin 
County on the Tug Fork of the Big 
Sandy on the east. Long since their 
point of union, which was over the Blue 
Grass region, has worn away, due prin- 
cipally to uplifts of the Cincinnati arch, 
and waste of that once continuous strata 
may still be found stretching out on the 
hill top from either side. 

The eastern coal field covering an 
area of 10,450 square miles lies in a 
great structural trough or geo-syncline, 
the southeast end of which is the 
Cumberland range and the northwest 
side of which is the Cincinnati arch. 
The eastern field contains thirty-seven 
counties, producing and non-producing, 
and occupies the whole of the eastern 
part of the State. The border counties 
of the eastern coal field are Menifee, 
Powell, Estill, Lewis, Rowan, Madison, 
Rockcastle, Pulaski, MeCreary, Wayne 
and Clinton. The interior counties are 
Greenup, Boyd, Carter, Elliott, Law- 
rence, Morgan, Johnson, Martin, Wolfe, 
Magoffin, Floyd, Pike, Lee, Breathitt, 
Knott, Jackson, Owsley, Perry, Letcher, 
Laurel, Clay, Leslie, Whitley, Knox, 
Harlan and Bell. 



The western coal field covers an area 
of 4,680 square miles and lies in a broad 
and deep structural basin, the southern 
tip of the great interior coal field of 
Illinois, Indiana. The western coal field 
contains twenty-one counties, twelve of 
which are marginal counties and show 
but a small portion of the coal measures. 
These border counties are Hancock, 
Breckinridge, Grayson, Hart, Edmonson, 
Warren, Butler, Logan, Todd, Christian, 
Caldwell, Crittenden and Livingston. 
The counties located entirely within the 
western field are Daviess, Union, Hender- 
son, McLean, Ohio, Muhlenberg, Hop- 
kins and Webster, and these are of 
course the largest producers. 

The coals of the eastern Kentucky 
coal field are many, the exact number 
of which is not known, though many 
tentative and regional correlations have 
been made. The field generally lacks 
adequate correlation of its coals, which 
may not be accomplished for some time, 
due to the inability of private individ- 
uals to undertake so great a work, and 
lack of provision for this important 
work by the General Assembly. The 
principal coals now mined and their 
type locality are: (1) Elkhorn Seam, 
Pike and Letcher counties; (2) Am- 
burgy Seam, Letcher County; (3) Free- 
burn, Upper Thacker, Lower Thacker, 
and Alma Seams, Pike County; (4) 
Millers Creek Seams, Johnson and Floyd 
counties; Harlan or Straight Creek 
Seam, Knox, Whitley, Bell and Harlan 
counties; (5) Wallins or Dean or Fire 
Clay Seam, Harlan, Perry, Breathitt, 
and Lee counties; (6) High Splint Seam, 
Harlan County; (7) Leonard Seam, 
Harlan County; (8) Keokee or Kellioka 



42 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Seam, Harlan County; (9) Cornett 
Seam, Harlan County; (10) Hazard or 
No. 6 Seam, Perry and Breathitt coun- 
ties; (11) Flag or No. 7 Seam, Perry 
County ; and many others of local or un- 
developed importance. 

These coals of eastern Kentucky ex- 
hibit many of the excellent qualities of 
the coals of the Appalachian Basin, to 
which they belong geologically and geo- 
graphically. They are bituminous, have 
a high volatile content and are generally 
low in ash and moisture. These char- 
acteristics make many of the seams well 
adapted for coking and the manufacture 
of artificial gas. Furthermore, many of 
these coals are what is known as 
"splint" or "block" coals, which makes 
them very desirable for domestic pur- 
poses. The eastern coals range in heat 
values from 13,000 to 14,000 B. T. U.'s 
which gives them a widespread demand 
as steaming coals. Lastly, these coals 
are the "low sulphur coals" of Ken- 
tucky, many of them ranging down as 
low as .75 and lower which is a very de- 
sirable factor for general or coking pur- 
poses. Drift mining is the principal 
method of coal operation in eastern Ken- 
tucky. Stripping has but local import- 
ance. Shaft mining is a method of the 
future in this field. The Chesapeake & 
Ohio, the Baltimore & Ohio, the Louis- 
ville & Nashville, the Cincinnati Sou- 
thern Railroads and a few insignificant 
short lines serve the eastern field. Some 
little coal is still barged from Lee 
County on the Kentucky River. 

Any enumeration or discussion of the 
coals of the eastern part of this State 
would be incomplete without some ref- 
erence to the cannel coals of this region, 



which are found: (1) As unit seams, 
and (2) constituting a portion or bench 
of the main seam. The best cannel coals 
in the United States occur in Kentucky, 
which produces more cannel coal than 
any other State. The best cannel coals 
in Kentucky occur in Morgan County, 
but Bell, Carter, Elliott, Floyd, Ma- 
goffin, Breathitt, Johnson and Leslie 
counties also produce excellent cannel 
coals. The principal portion of the pro- 
duction is shipped to the northwest and 
Canada, where it is used for domestic 
fuel and as an enricher in the manu- 
facture of illuminating gas. Kentucky 
cannels of good grade average about 55 
per cent volatile matter, and therefore 
compare favorably with any other can- 
nels produced. 

While the coals of the Western Ken- 
tucky coal field are less in total number 
than those of the eastern field, there are 
several very excellent coals to be found 
in this portion of the State. Those coals 
which enjoy the widest commercializa- 
tion, with the localities in which they 
are now being operated, are: (1) No. 
12 Seam, Hopkins and Webster counties ; 
(2) No. 11 or Herrin Seam, Webster, 
Hopkins, Union and Ohio counties; No. 
9 or Springfield Seam. Muhlenberg, 
Henderson, Ohio, Union, Webster, Hop- 
kins, McLean and Daviess counties; 
Nebo Seam, Hopkins and Henderson 
counties; Mannington or Empire Seam, 
Christian County. 

The coals of the western Kentucky 
coal field are a unit geologically and 
geographically and chemically with the 
interior field of Illinois and Indiana. 
Like the coals of these adjoining states, 
these western Kentucky coals are 




THE PRIDE OF WESTERN KENTUCKY 

Face of No. 11 coal, Nisbett Mine, one mile from Earlington. This 
mine is -owned by the St. Bernard Coal Co. This view shows 80 inches 
of coal and 2 inches of parting. The roof is shale and the bottom fire 
clay. The room is 40 E. Sixth entry, 250 feet from the entrance. 




A WESTERN KENTUCKY COAL STRIPPING. 

This operation is owned by the Tradewater Coal Co. and is located 
at Ilsley, Hopkins County, Ky. In the left foreground the caterpillar 
tracks show where the coal has been operated. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 43 

bituminous, and when compared with PRODUCTION OF COAL IN KENTUCKY* 

. . 1828 to 1920. No. Short 

eastern Kentucky, West Virginia and 

Pennsylvania coals they are found to be 1828 328 

relatively high in volatile matter, ash 1829 2,000 

and sulphur. "While somewhat softer ' 

than the eastern coals, they are free 18 3 2 2,500 

burning, and therefore command a large 1833 2,750 

domestic and steaming market. They 1834 5 ' 000 

are excellent gas producers and can also 1S35 ' 

, ., JL , , -. . . 1836 8,000 

be coked, blope and shaft mining are 183 „ 10 Q00 

the principal methods used in this field, i838 11,500 

though stripping or open pit (steam 1839 16,000 

shovel) mining has become of consider- 1840 23,527 

able importance in some districts during „ in ,-„'„„„ 

1842 50,000 

the last few years. The Illinois Central lg43 60 000 

and the Louisville and Nashville Bail- 1844 75,000 

roads serve the western field. 1845 100,000 

1846 115,000 

Kentucky's Coal Production. 1847 120,000 

1848 125,000 

There is, perhaps, no better way to 1849 140,000 

evaluate the factors of growth which 1850 150,000 

, . , • ,, , , , e 1851 160,000 

have operated in the development of 1S52 17*; 000 

Kentucky 's coal fields than to review the 1^53 180,000 

total yearly figures of production. For 1854 190,000 

the period extending from 1828 to 1920 1855 200,000 

inclusive the total production figures 1856 215,000 

1857 240 000 

reach the stupendous volume of 402,235,- 1858 250000 

581 tons, of which more than one-half, 1859 275,000 

215,023,557 tons, has been produced in i860 285,760 

the eight years, 1913 to 1920 inclusive, 1861 280 > 000 

as compared with 187,212,024 tons of f*£ ~~ 275,000 

the total production for the eighty-four 1864 250000 

years recorded prior to 1913. It may be 1865 200,000 

seen by a review of the table given here- 1866 180,000 

with that the recent production of coal 1867 175,000 

in Kentucky during the last decade has lg69 ' iro'ooo 

been little short of marvelous ; in fact, 1370 150,582 

the production of the last three years, 1871 250,000 

1918-1920, inclusive, has reached the 1872 380,800 

figure of 100,457,547 tons, valued at 1873 400 ' 000 

$097 noq 7j:r 'Production of Coal in Ky. Jillson. Ky. 

o£I,j-jj, 1 00. Geol Surv-> series V, Bull. IV, pp. 160-162. 



44 Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

No. Short KENTUCKY COAL PRODUCTION 

Year Tons IN TWO GROUPS. 

1874 360,000 Tons 

1875 500,000 1913-1920 inclusive (eight years). .215,023,557 

1876 650,000 1828-1912 inclusive (84 years) ....187,212,024 

1877 850,000 

1878 900,000 Excess 27,811,533 

1879 1,000,000 

18S q 946 288 Kentucky A National Coal Producer. 

1881 1,232,000 Rising from a position of comparative 

1882 1,300,000 , ., , , T / i 

„ 1650 000 obscurity as a coal producer, Kentucky 

188 4 1,550,000 * n 1898 and 1899 took tenth place among 

1885 1,600,000 the states of the United States and con- 

1886 1,550,000 tributed 1.8 per cent of the total coal 

1887 1,933,185 p ro d uc tion of the country.* In 1905, 

1888 2,570,000 * . , . . ,,, „ J ., , . ' 

18g9 2 399 755 Kentucky rose to eighth from the top in 

1890 2,701,496 the list of coal producing states, which 

1891 2,916,069 position was maintained through 1907, 

1892 3,025,303 w hen she headed Colorado, which had 

1893 3,007,179 , , , ,., ., , , 

894 „ in q2 preceded her until then, and became 

18 95 3,357,770 seventh. In 1912 the rapid development 

1896 3,333,478 of eastern Kentucky began to be felt 

1897 3,602,097 and this State took fifth place, which was 

1898 3,887,908 

1899 4,607,255 

1900 5,328,964 



held through 1913. In 1914, with only 
Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Illinois 

1901 5,469,986 ahead in the order named, Kentucky be- 

1902 6,766,984 came the State of fourth importance on 

1903 7,538,032 

1904 7,576,482 

1905 8,432,523 

1906 9,653,647 own an & slipped back into fourth place 

1907 10,753,124 in 1915, relegating Kentucky to an easy 

1908 10,246,533 fifth, which has been held through 1917, 



a coal producing basis. Ohio bid closely 
for the great northwest markets and her 



1909 10,697,384 

1910 14,623,319 

1911 14,049,703 

1912 16,490,521 able at present. 

1913 19,616,600 

1914 20,382,763 

1915 21,361,674 Kentucky has seen a wonderful ad- 



the last year for which comparisons of 
total volumes of coal produced are avail- 



Recapitulation and Summary. 



1916 25,393,997 

1917 27,809,976 

1918 31,530,442 



vanee in coal production during the past 
three decades. The State has risen from 



1919 30,036,061 the bottom of the list in the middle '80 's 

1920 38,892,044 to fifth place in 1921. Prior to 1893 



1828-1920 402,235,581 , * Min - Res - u - s - u - s - G - s - 1900 > p P- 298 



299. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



45 



practically all of the coal mining was 
done by hand with the pick. About this 
time operators began to gradually intro- 
duce the use of machinery. This move- 
ment has grown rapidly, especially dur- 
ing the past three decades. In 1893, 
20% of Kentucky coal was machine 
mined; in 1903, 49% was machine 
mined, and in 1913 approximately 70% 
was machine mined. In 1916 this had 
increased to 84.4%, and is about 90% 
at the present. The remarkable growth 
Kentucky has made in coal production 
during the last decade has been due to 
the discovery and development of new, 
thick, marketable coals in the eastern 
counties. Thus Letcher County enters 
the list of counties as producing com- 
mercial coal in 1912, and in 1916 heads 
the list, outrivaling her sister county, 
Pike, the then leader, which began pro- 
ducing commercial coal in 1904. Thrill- 
ed by the advance of Letcher, Pike 
County returns to the first place in 1917, 
and has led the State down to the pres- 
ent. 

Harlan County has seen a similar de- 
velopment. Kentucky's output of coke 
was trebled the second year Harlan 



County produced commercial coal. The 
third year after Harlan County entered 
the list, the coke production was in- 
creased almost tenfold. The Western 
Field has increased its production great- 
ly by the consolidation of operations and 
the comparatively recent introduction of 
modern methods of stripping shallow 
coals with the steam shovel. The war 
demand stimulated coal production 
greatly in Kentucky. A reversion to 
normal conditions bids fair to maintain 
the figure, and the end is not yet in sight. 
The number of tons of coal produced per 
death in this State has been unusually 
high when compared with that of other 
coal producing states. This, while 
lamentable, can be corrected by proper 
care and rigid inspection. The number 
of strikes in the coal fields of Kentucky 
has been notably low, indicating in gen- 
eral, not only good labor conditions, but 
also conditions of good and farseeing 
management. To tbese excellent opera- 
tive factors must be added a vast quanti- 
ty of coal not only unmined but still 
largely unopened and unsurveyed, which 
facts when taken together reasonably as- 
sure Kentucky's future position i-s a 
great national coal producer. 



THE PRESS OF H ARRODSBURG. 



(Editor's Note. — We are indebted to 
Misses Martha and Mary Stephenson, 
of Harrodsburg, for the privilege of 
publishing this article from the pen of 
their brother, the late Hon. W. W. 
Stephenson. It was written several 
years before his death, but has not been 
published elsewhere.) 

The earliest five newspapers publish- 
ed in Kentucky were the following in 
the order named: "The Kentucky Ga- 
zette" and "The Kentucky Herald," at 
Lexington; "The Mirror," at Washing- 
ton; " The Palladium ' ' and ' ' The Guard- 
ian of Freedom," at Frankfort. These 
appeared between the years 1778 and 
1798. The sixth newspaper published 
in Kentucky was "The Mirror" in Mer- 
cer County, at Danville, in 1804. It 
was followed at the same place by ' ' The 
Informant" in 1805, "The Impartial 
Observer" in 1811, and "The Light 
House" in 1815. 

The connection between Danville and 
Harrodsburg was very close in those 
early years of the Commonwealth, the 
minutes of the Harrodsburg trustees 
and those of the county court showing 
the same men doing equal service at 
both places. In 1815 "The Impartial 
Observer ' ' is mentioned as a publication 
at Harrodsburg (Acts 1815) ; also rec- 
ords show that "The Light House" was 
owned and published by Lawrence Mc- 
Guire and Bertram Guerin in Harrods- 
burg in 1816. A mortgage dated July 7, 
1815, acknowledged February 22, 1816, 
records that Lawrence McGuire and 



Bertram Guerin executed a note to 
Joseph McMurtry for $450, with which 
to buy a printing press, type, etc., to 
establish a newspaper, bearing the name 
"The Light House." In the same year, 
1816, the Harrodsburg trustees ordered 
certain ordinances published in "The 
National Pulse." "The Olive Branch," 
a Mercer County paper, published in 
Danville, continued from 1820 to 1827 ; 
how much longer I do not know. It is 
mentioned in Acts 1820, and in a court 
record of 1827. 

"The Central Watchtower" also was 
published in Harrodsburg in 1827. A 
speech of Thomas Moore, in which he 
was supporting Jackson against Clay, 
was published in it. I have a copy of 
the speech. 

How many, if any, of these papers 
were simply change of names under the 
same or different management, I have 
no means of knowing. 

An act of the legislature in 1830 au- 
thorized certain advertisements to be 
inserted in "The American" and "The 
Union, ' ' both published at Harrodsburg. 

Capt. P. B. Thompson, now in his 
88th year, remembers both of these 
newspapers being published here in 
1839 and 1840. Rev. Jesse Head, who 
married Thomas Lincoln and Nancy 
Hanks, parents of Abraham Lincoln, 
was editor of "The American." The 
two papers were rivals and a story has 
come down that a controversy between 
the editors led to the publication in 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



47 



"The Union'' of some amusing doggerel 
about the Eev. Jesse. 

From 1844 to November, 1846, 
Messrs James Verbrike and Bascom 
Head, son of Eev. Jesse Head, publish- 
ed a paper at Harrodsburg called 

. Mr. A. C. Stagg, who came 



to Harrodsburg as a boy in 1844, re- 
members that these men were editing a 
paper. 

The first copy of "The Ploughboy" 
was published November 18, 1846, and 
it was continued until its name was 
changed to "The Transcript." I have 
before me a copy of "The Ploughboy" 
issued September 23, 1854 (Vol. 8, No. 
45). The first lines that greet the eye 
are the following: 

The Ploughboy 
God and My Eight. 

Harrodsburg, Ky., Sept. 23, 1854. 
A. E. G-ibbons, Publisher and Proprietor. 

Mr. A. E. Gibbons and Mr. Jackson 
brought "The Ploughboy" from Eich- 
mond, Ky. The former edited it, and 
later bought out the interest of Mr. 
Jackson. Mr. Archie "Wood, now in his 
72nd year, went into the office of the 
paper in 1852, and has continued until 
now, to follow the business of a skilled 
printer. I am indebted to him for in- 
formation, and for copies of "The Ken- 
tucky People," "The Observer" and 
"The Enterprise." Some time after 
1854, Mr. Gibbons changed the name 
of his paper to "The Transcript," 
which he edited until his death in 1860. 
After his tragic death, John Carter 
purchased the printing outfit and for 
awhile Charles Smedley edited the paper 



and then his son, Van Carter, edited it 
under the name "The Harrodsburg 
Press," until the latter part of 1861. 

During most of the Civil War no reg- 
ular paper was published at Harrods- 
burg. After the war Tom Carter, 
brother of Van, purchased additional 
type and apparatus, and edited "The 
Mercer Banner," until 1867, when it 
was succeeded by "The Harrodsburg 
Signal." This was edited by Dr. J. T. 
Wood, father of Henry Cleveland Wood, 
and Mr. Archie G. Wood was business 
manager. "The Kentucky People" suc- 
ceeded ' ' The Signal, ' ' the first issue ap- 
pearing September 17, 1869, edited by 
Capt. James B. Clark. In the fourth 
and subsequent issues the name of Miss 
Florence Anderson also appears at the 
head of the editorial column as literary 
editor. She, as well as Capt. Clark, 
was a gifted writer. In the sixth num- 
ber appears a beautiful poem by her, en- 
titled, "The Forest Fountain." Capt. 
Clark continued to control and manage 
this paper until 1875, when under a 
new management, the name was changed 
to "The Kentucky Observer." This 
was edited for awhile by Hon. Jno. 
Charles Thompson. He sold it to Mr. 
C. S. Nield, a gifted writer, who as 
editor and manger, made it a newsy, 
breezy paper in 1877. Then Mr. Nield 
turned over to Col. E. H. Gaither edi- 
torial and managerial charge of his 
paper for a year. At the end of this 
time, E. H. Gaither purchased and pub- 
lished it under his own management 
two years, the while maintaining its 
standard of excellence. He sold to Mr. 
L. D. Cardwell, who changed the name 



48 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



of the paper to "The Mercer Enter- 
prise," the first number of which ap- 
peared January 7, 1881. Mr. Cardwell 
continued to edit and publish it until 
January, 1884, and then sold his plant 
to the Harrodsburg Democrat Company, 
a stock company organized for the pur- 
pose of publishing at this place a Dem- 
ocratic paper. 

Messrs. H. C. "Wood, Jno. W. Hughes 
and W. W. Stephenson were elected edi- 
tors and W. W. Stephenson also busi- 
ness manager of "The Harrodsburg 
Democrat." Its first issue was of date 
January 18, 1884. Col Gaither also con- 
tributed liberally to the editorial 
columns, and the Democrat was a very 
live wire, charged hot with political dis- 
cussion. Under the management, a good 
circulation was secured. In the latter 
part of the year 1884, Mr. F. D. Spots- 
wood, then editor of "The Midway 
Clipper," purchased through Mr. 
Stephenson, all of the stock, except the 
shares of the five directors, and at once 
assumed control as editor and manager. 
Being a good judge of public wants and 
an accomplished writer, he made "The 
Harrodsburg Democrat" a model county 
paper. Mr. Spotswood sold it to Messrs. 
J. T. Boswell and D. M. Hutton, May 1, 
1900, the former as editor and the lat- 
ter as business manager. They sold to 
Mr. W. P. Walton, June, 1901, and he 
to Charles M. Lewis, about April, 1902. 



He ran the paper less than a year and 
turned it over to Rev. Dobbs, whose 
tenure was also of short duration. Mr. 
W. P. Walton again resumed control of 
the plant until he sold it to Mr. Lew B. 

Brown in . He is the present owner 

and editor of the "Democrat," with an 
office fitted up-to-date, and his paper 
recognized as one of the best in the 
State. 

In 1887, Mr. W. K. Cardwell publish- 
ed "The Citizen" for about eight 
months. He sold to Mr. John G. Pulliam 
and Mr. T. M. Cardwell, who changed 
the name to "The Sayings and Do- 
ings," and ran it under their joint man- 
agement for about six months, when Mr. 
Pulliam purchased the interest of Mr. 
Cardwell and assumed entire control. 
He published the paper about two years 
and sold to Mr. James Page Spilman, 
who published it six months under the 
name ' ' The Sayings ' ' and sold to Messrs. 
Lee Marimon and W. T. Ewing. At 
the end of a year Mr. Pulliam bought 
the Ewing interest, and he and Mr. 
Marimon published it two years, when 
Mr. Pulliam sold to Marimon, who con- 
ducted it alone for several years. Messrs. 
John G. Pulliam and D. M. Hutton pur- 
chased the plant in 1902 and changed 
the name to "The Harrodsburg 
Herald. ' ' If you would know the value 
of this paper, you have only to subscribe 
for it. 

W. W. Stephenson. 




OLD STAGE COACH 




PhiWa.to Pittsburg 20 Vvj< 




CONESTOGA WAGON 
(Courtesy of U. S. National Museum.) 








I It 

llffl.) 



A GLIMPSE OF PARIS IN 18C9. 

By. Mrs. W. H. Whitley. 



Foreword. — This paper was written 
for and read at a meeting of the Paris 
D. A. R. The following sources of in- 
formation were consulted : 

Court records of Bourbon County. 

Lexington and Paris newspapers, 
1808-1809. 

Minute Book of Trustees of Bourbon 
Academy, 1799-1855. 

Keller and McCann's sketches of Paris 
(1876). 

Autobiography of Rev. David Purvi- 
ance (1848). 

Perrin's History of Bourbon, Seott, 
Harrison and Nicholas Counties (1847). 

Collins' History of Kentucky- (both 
editions). 

Cuming, F. — Tour in Ohio and Ken- 
tucky (1807-08). 

Michaux — Travels in Kentucky (1805 
and later). 

Dunbar — History of Travel in Amer- 
ica (3 Vols.). 

Earle — Two Centuries of Costume in 
America. 

Come, sit with me on the magic carpet 
of retrospection and let us be transport- 
ed to that spot, so near and yet so far. 
Or would you prefer to enter the city 
in the approved manner of the day, on 
horseback, or by wagon from Lexington 
or Maysville? It is fairly safe to come 
by horseback now, as bands of Indians 
haven't disturbed settlers for some fif- 
teen years. But, of course, if we've 
come to settle, a Conestoga wagon must 



be our conveyance. Should we desire 
to make a more dramatic entry, why 
not choose to come by stage coach ? For, 
since that memorable day of last year 
when George Walls, of Lexington, drove 
up on the first coach which had ever 
dawned upon the startled gaze of the 
inhabitants, that mode of travel never 
fails to attract the attention of the en- 
tire population, now some eight hundred 
souls. And how could it"? For our 
driver, with much loud winding of his 
horn and many sharp cracks of his long 
whip, dashes up at a rate calculated to 
toss the swaying coach from its creaking- 
running gear. It rocks so alarmingly 
on its leather hangers that we fear for 
our lives and clutch desperately at our 
best bombazine bonnets to keep them 
from being demolished. 

The steps are let down in front of 
Buekhanon's Tavern (1921 Posner's 
Shoe Store), and we dismount to receive 
a cordial greeting from mine host, 
Henry Buckhanon himself, who has 
come out to welcome us. His handsome 
broadcloth suit, consisting of long coat 
and knee breeches, his white ruffled 
shirt and stock, though not now the 
latest fashion, are quite elegant and 
make a sharp contrast to the round 
waistcoats with sleeves, bright woolen 
girdles, coarse linsey shirts and leather 
breeches worn by some of the hunters so 
recently passed on our journey. 

After entering the main room of the 
tavern, which is a combined sitting, 



50 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



smoking and drinking room, we are con- 
ducted to onr bedrooms by a bowing 
darky about sixty years of age, Frank 
Bird, by name. He proudly tells us 
that he had learned farriery, cooking 
and hairdressing in England and that he 
had accompanied General George Wash- 
ington through all his campaigns. After 
' ' Marse Gawge 's ' ' death he had received, 
from his will, some property, enough to 
enable him to be a free man and to travel 
to this far western point. 

We have engaged lodging at the rate 
of 6d (for beds with clean sheets) and, 
after making ourselves comfortable in 
our rooms, we decide to stroll about the 
town, taking in the shops and public 
buildings. On apprising our host of this 
intention, and on payment of our lodg- 
ing fee which he secures by cutting a 
shilling into appropriate sized pieces, 
he provides a black boy to accompany 
us and point out the various places of 
interest we might otherwise overlook. 

To the left of our tavern (on the cor- 
ner of 4th and Main) stands Sam'l 
Davidson's blacksmith shop. On our 
right is an open space, which is the 
great fighting arena for all those who 
are pugilistically inclined, during the 
three day elections. We take it that 
many a fistic encounter occurs here, for 
the next building, formerly the old 
West's Tavern with its sign of the 
square and compass (the first hostelry 
in town, on site of Shire & Pithian's 
1919), is no longer a hotel but a saloon, 
called facetiously "The Upper Lick," 
and the clear whiskey served here is apt 
to encourage political differences or per- 
sonal disagreements. 



Next is a big brick house, the first 
in Paris, a triple building, erected by 
Thos. West (standing where Paris Bak- 
ery and Spicer's Shops are in 1921). 
The southern part is used by Thos. 
Arnold, Clerk of Bourbon County 
Court, as his residence and office. The 
boy tells us in awed whispers that they 
own both a piano and a carriage, the 
first in the county. 

We mince by reluctantly, hoping to 
catch through the window the tinkling 
sound of the former, not despairing that 
we may yet be thrilled by the grandeur 
of the sight of the latter. 

It was with the Arnold family that 
Chester Harding (b. 1792), noted artist, 
stopped while Painting portraits of local 
people about 1820 but at that time they 
resided in a new house on Pleasant St., 
now occupied by John J. Williams. He 
made a hundred or more while in the 
bluegrass, it is said, at a charge of $25.00 
each. Later, while traveling abroad, he 
wrote back that he had seen many won- 
derful works of art and many pictures 
worse than those he had painted in 
Paris, Kentucky. One writer says that 
he practiced sign painting here and 
began his career in that manner (date 
not given). 

The middle section of this brick build- 
ing is Mr. John Metcalf 's residence, the 
lower, John Porter's tavern, containing 
also Dr. Nick Warfield's office. Joining 
this, is a log house (site of old Ficklin 
property, recently torn down) contain- 
ing a dry goods store, of which Daniel 
Duncan is proprietor. 

A short time ago (1809) a negro, Bill 
Harvey, stole some goods here, which he 
secured by climbing down the chimney. 




o 



Pm 





■ 



HHMNMMMW 







Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



51 



He was caught, tried, and sentenced to 
be hanged, our boy informs us, but is 
to be let off with a slightly lighter pun- 
ishment. 

On the corner (now Main and Third, 
1921), stands a dry goods store run by 
Wm. Caldwell, a pioneer settler and 
veteran of the Revolutionary "War who 
still (1809) bears the wounds which he 
received at the battle of Brandywine. 

On the other corner (where Red Cross 
Tea Room was conducted in 1918) stands 
a "Yellow House," the lower story of 
which, now vacant, was recently Mr. 
Caldwell's residence, while the upper 
part is occupied by a Mrs. Boyd. 

Exactly next is a two story brick 
house, the saddlery shop of Wm. D. 
Jackson. Adjoining it (where Ford & 
Company's store is in 1921) is a large 
red building, owned and operated by 
Hugh and Alexander McNeil as a dry 
goods store. 

Next comes Kelly and Brent's dry 
goods shop where one can also borrow 
money and have notes discounted at the 
prevailing rate of 15 to 20%. Adjoin- 
ing it is Thos. Hughes' Tavern built of 
two materials, a frame part (on the site 
of Highland Flats) and a stone portion, 
lower. 

The following explanatory notes ac- 
companied the old map of Paris shown 
on opposite page. 

" Explanatory Notes. 
The scale represents the true length 
of the one by which the chain was meas- 
ured and that agreeably to that scale the 
chain measured thirty-three feet four 
inches and one-half, with which the town 
was laid off agreeably to this platt. And 



that the trustees do conceive the said 
chain to come nearer the original ad- 
measurement than any one they could 
get. 

The red figures (underscored) shew 
the lotts numbered by the Trustees and 
which were not before numbered, or 
which numbers could not be ascertained 
by the Trustees. 

We the subscribers being Trustees of 
the Town of Paris, do certify this to be 
the platt made out by us, agreeably to 
the direction of the act of assembly en- 
titled "An act for the better regulation 
of the Town of Paris and appointing the 
Trustees with additional powers." 

January 18th, 1799. 

John Metcalfe, Wm. Kelly, Tho. 
Arnold, Rich. Henderson, Daniel Dun- 
can, Andw. Todd, Hugh Brent." 

Next comes a two story log house, the 
drug store of Henry F. Thornton, the 
first in Paris. 

Directly on the corner (Main and 2nd) 
stands the Indian Queen House (Wind- 
sor Hotel 1921) a tavern built by 
Maurice Langhorne and displaying as 
a sign, the picture of a handsome Indian 
woman. 

On the other side of 2nd street is the 
residence of Hugh Brent, a new brick 
building (torn down in 1920) considered 
one of the finest houses in town. Just 
below, Hon. Benjamin Mills' residence 
stands. 

Here we cross a new bridge over 
Stoner, a luxury now enjoyed some four- 
teen years, though the original one was 
swept away last year by high water. 

We pass the little log cabin, occupied 
by the family of Wm. Shields, to the 
grist mill which Shields operates for 



52 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Mr. Thos. Jones. After watching the 
mill wheel's slow revolutions, we stroll 
on past the two story log buildings on 
that side of the Limestone road, the first 
the residence of Geo. Kerns (on what is 
now the Isgrig grounds), the next, Jas. 
Shannon's home where Mr. Ellerbeck 
also lived. 

Crossing over and returning to town 
on the west side of the Limestone road, 
we pass the old Bourbon Academy 
buildings, now used by Sam'l Pike to 
house a wool carding factory, the first 
in Paris, perhaps also in Kentucky 
(county quarry 1921). 

Next comes the "Blue House," a 
brewery operated by the Mr. Ellerbeck 
just mentioned, then a saloon and wagon 
yard, conducted by a Mrs. White. 

Coming back into town, we pass, 
shortly after recrossing the bridge, a 
two story brick building in which is dis- 
played to the gaze of all comers the 
latest styles in men's head gear. Mr. 
Piatt Bayless, the proprietor, also resides 
in his shop building in accordance with 
present day (1809) custom. 

In the mid-distance, across Houston 
Creek (site of Massie Hospital), we see 
the double one story log residence of Jas. 
McCormick. 

Adjoining Mr. Bayless 's hat shop 
(end of Main, by foot bridge) is Mr. 
Aaron Smedley's residence, the first 
house in Paris to display a shingled 
roof. 

Next appears Peter Sharrer's black- 
smith shop and then comes Capt. 
"Little" Billy Scott's cabinet shop 
where fine furniture made of "cherry 
tree" and walnut wood, occasionally of 
mahogany, is turned out. The Bakery 



and "Lower Lick" as Richard Turner's 
saloon on the corner is called, brings us 
to a road leading off to our right. How- 
ever, none of the handful of dilapidated 
cabins down in the hollow attract us suf- 
ficiently to warrant our taking that di- 
rection, so we proceed up Main past the 
two log buildings on and next to the 
corner (2nd) used as tanneries by Jas. 
McCormick and Castleman & Co., to the 
trade palace of the town (site of Ma- 
sonic Temple). Here "Big" Billy 
Scott carries on, in a large frame build- 
ing, the most flourishing dry goods busi- 
ness of the day. In addition to the 
usual stock of muslins, chintzes, prints, 
ginghams, dimities, prime cotton, lenoes, 
kerseys, bocking-baize, Boss cotton, sew- 
ing cotton, fine and country sewing 
thread, Bounce writing paper and ink 
powder, Mr. Scott has brought from 
Philadelphia and Baltimore new pat- 
terns in plaid, lutestring and embossed 
ribbons, ladies' laced cotton hose, long 
silk gloves and hose, morocco pocket 
books, leather hats and bonnets for chil- 
dren, handsome cassimers, casinets, 
callimancoes, bombazets, gurrahs, emer- 
tres, baftas and mamodies, tamboured 
cambric and jaconet, out velvet bon- 
nets, made in Paris, for the ladies, and 
London hats and Marseilles waistcoats 
for the gentlemen. A novel set of 
mother-of-pearl sleeve buttons, made of 
mussel shells taken from the Ohio River, 
attracts us next and we reluctantly tear 
ourselves away from the display of 
Pelisses, Spencers, Cardinals, Shawls, 
Madison Hats and Elustra Straw Bon- 
nets and those wonderful new beaded 
bags, to resume our inspection of the 
city. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



53 



The office buildings, behind Mr. Scott's 
shop, face the public square and are con- 
venient to the court house and so bring 
their owner quite a revenue in rents. 

Next, we pause to view, with becom- 
ing awe, the court house, the pride of 
the hearts of the Bourbonites, with its 
smooth foundation of stone laid by 
Thos. Metcalfe, a master workman, its 
upper structure terminating in a small 
box cupola innocent of bell or clock. The 
upper part was built, so our pilot says, 
by Thos. Metcalfe's brother or father, 
John Metcalfe; the carpenter work was 
done by Mr. McCord. 

Thomas Metcalfe's father was Captain 
John Metcalfe and as John Metcalfe's 
name appears in a list of Paris people 
who subscribed to Transylvania Acad- 
emy in 1792, it was probably his father 
pr brother, not his uncle, who helped 
build the court house. 

This is the second court house, we 
learn from obliging bystanders, the first 
having been a commodious log building 
32 by 20 feet. The stone jail, on the 
N. "W. corner of the court house square, 
is also the second, having superseded a 
log one 16 ft. square. In the rear of 
the jail is a stray pen for confining 
wandering cows and horses, not suffici- 
ently respectful of the metropolitan 
traffic regulations. Squawking chickens 
and grunting pigs are not included in 
the list of tabooed live stock, as we are 
well aware by this time, having passed 
many of each scratching or sleeping in 
the middle of the streets, as the case 
may be. 

On the south side of the court house, 
in the public square, stands a dilapidated 
market house, soon to be torn down and 



replaced by a brick one. The funds for 
this improvement are being raised by a 
lottery licensed by legislature, which en- 
dorses this manner of raising money for 
every purpose from clearing rivers to 
buying vaccine. (Bourbon Academy 
trustees applied for permission to hold 
a lottery for buying philosophical ap- 
paratus for school this year.) 

Directly on the corner (of Main and 
Broadway) is a rival tavern called the 
"Bed House" conducted by Nathan 
Standeford with a currying establish- 
ment managed by Joseph Morin. 

This brings us back to our own tavern 
door, and the closeness of the hour to 
noon, induces us to postpone the rest of: 
our sight-seeing for a time. 

Gazing from the back windows of our 
bedroom, we see in the rear of Hughes' 
Tavern (Highland Flats) at the lower' 
end of our square, a large pond. Nearer 
to us, stables and wagon yards occupy 
most of both sides of Pleasant street. Qn8 
our corner, though (4th and Pleasant) 
is a house owned by Wm. Dallas, where 
the Masons hold their meetings, and on 
the opposite one (4th and Pleasant) 
stands the double two story log residence 
of Aaron Griffing, joining a similar 
building, the home of Mrs. Warren (rear 
of Frank & Co.). Just across the way 
(where Mrs. Harris lives) is the one 
story log residence of Thos. Sprakes. 

A chorus of happy shouts now turns 
our attention to a stream of boys in 
pantaloons, emerging from the new two 
story brick school building next door. 
There are some sixty or seventy in the 
crowd, though from the noise they make 
one might judge the number five times 
that many. The three teachers stand a 



54 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



few moments at the door chatting, as 
the youngsters, with the characteristic 
irrepressible spirits of youth, engage in 
wrestling matches or some vigorous 
group game. A few of the more sedate 
ones seat themselves in the shade of the 
row of trees, which separates the Bour- 
bon Academy grounds from the old 
Dutch graveyard adjoining, and pull 
from their pockets packages of lunch, 
which they attack vigorously. 

We wonder if they take as much in- 
terest in their penmanship, arithmetic, 
spelling, vulgar and decimal fractions 
and English, Latin, Greek and Sciences 
which are guaranteed to be "carefully, 
expeditiously and grammatically 
taught" for the sum of $10.00 to $16.00 
per year by their excellent instructors, 
Rev. John Lyle, Mr. Jas. Dickey and 
Rev. Stewart. 

The pupils were each required to fur- 
nish a load of wood or $1.00 to buy same 
and the use of ax and saw for cutting it, 
also 50 cents each to pay for advertising 
the school in the Kentucky Gazette and 
the "Western World. 

Michaux speaks of being introduced 
to a fellow countryman teaching here, 
lately from Bengal. It was possibly Rev. 
Claudius Buchanan, later connected 
with Transylvania. There is no mention 
of his teaching at the Academy so he 
probably taught privately. 

The graveyard, which we have just 
mentioned, we later learn is a public 
one, deeded to the city for that purpose 
by Lawrence Protzmann, who laid off 
the town, Hopewell, as it was called, in 
1786. 

Across the street on the corner (5th 
and Pleasant) is the site of the first 



school in town, taught some thirteen 
years ago by Turner Lane, but now oc- 
cupied as a residence by a Mrs. Davis. 
A one story log house just beyond (on 
Owings property) ends the town in that 
direction as far as we can judge. 

Fronting Church street (now 4th) at 
our side and between the Masonic meet- 
ing place and the blacksmith shop at our 
left is a little stone building used as a 
residence and pottery by Sam'l Harris. 

Just as we finish this bird's eye view, 
the winding horn announces dinner and 
we go down with whetted appetites, de- 
termined to do justice to the generous 
repast which has been prepared. 

Refreshed by our noon meal (which 
cost us only Is. 6d.) with its accom- 
panying "basons of strong coffee," we 
resume our explorations, starting south- 
ward from the corner, opposite our 
tavern, where John Sites dwells in a 
frame building (site of First Nat. Bank) 
and shoes horses in a log shop adjoining. 

Next we pass a building, owned by 
Isaac Orchard, but used as a combina- 
tion residence and shoe shop by John 
Walls. In addition to the usual stock of 
men's and women's foot gear made for 
strict utility, we find here ladies' Morroc- 
co Jeffersons, kid Nelsons, Cadeus slip- 
pers, spangled kid and patent kid shoes, 
(shoes, meaning heelless pumps, then the 
only style worn by women). Mr. Walls 
also acts as keeper of the county jail, a 
versatile man, we take it. 

Opposite us, on the corner (site De- 
posit Bank) stands the hatter's shop of 
Thos. P. Reese, who has the distinction 
of having kept the first supply of ready 
made hats, for men, in town. It is a log 
building, like the next, and is likewise 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



55 



owned by Aaron Griffing, who uses his 
section for a saddlery shop. Here the 
"Western Citizen was published last year 
by Messrs Grimes and Johnson. 

"We have now arrived at a miniature 
lake three or four feet deep (extending, 
roughly, from Electric Light Co. to Mrs. 
Parker's Millinery Store, and from 
Ardery Drug Co. to Paris Book Store) 
which we must cross on a log bridge. It 
is an excellent place for killing wild 
ducks, in proper season, we are told, and 
unsurpassed for winter sports when 
frozen over. 

The first house beyond the pond is 
Simeon Stall's residence and hat shop 
(cor. 5th and Main). On our left, about 
midway between Pleasant street and 
Main we see a building, the former home 
of Judge John Allen (first lawyer Paris 
bar, Senator 1792-95), but now used as 
a private school by Mr. John McCann. 

As we proceed up Main, we pass in 
succession, Richard Mathenas' residence 
and John Harcourt's cabinet shop 
(about where J. W. Davis & Co. are 
1921). A couple of two story log build- 
ings stand on the corner and are used 
respectively by Daniel Smedley as resi- 
dence and by Ezekiel Palmer for a chair 
making shop. 
^ Across the road, live Sam'l Turner 
who keeps a gunsmith shop (where Hol- 
/ liday's is in 1921), and John Curry (in 
Ogden house) who operates a wagon 
making establishment on the corner (site 
of J. T. Hinton& Co.). 

Passing on up Main we reach Elijah 
Barton's double log residence and have 
pointed out to us the next building, 
property of Morgan Francis (where 



Margolen's grocery is 1921), in which 
the Methodists worship. 
i Just beyond is the residence of Wm. 
Anderson, who conducts a blacksmith 
shop on the corner further out in the 
edge of town (site Robneel Flats 1921). 

Gazing to our left we see the large 
brick building on Pleasant street which 
is rented by the trustees of Bourbon 
Academy for a "Female Seminary," 
conducted there by the Rev. John Lyle. 
It accommodates from 150 to 300 pupils 
and is the first institution of its kind 
west of the Alleghenies. 

The last house on Main, in a southern 
direction, is a log one (near Farmer's 
Supply Co.) occupied by John Cline. 
Passing through the pastures to the west, 
we reach the home of David Irvine, a 
brick building (New Christian Church 
lot), quite isolated from its neighbors, 
the nearest being the log house occupied 
by Peter Cline on the western edge of a 
pond, which covers quite an area (in- 
cluded later between Main and High, 7th 
and 8th streets). 

The next neighbor is Mr. Thos. Jones, 
Sr., owner of the Paris Mills, who lives 
in a two story log house (Mr. Dave Par- 
rish's location) and Dr. John Todd's 
two story stone residence comes next (in 
corner Mrs. Duncan Bell's present 
yard). James Stewart lately occupied 
the adjoining property (Miss Tipton's) 
as a printing office where he, in conjunc- 
tion with Daniel Bradford, issued the 
Kentucky Herald for one short year. 
This new enterprise was well received 
by a highly appreciative, though isolated 
public, who rejoice in its continuation 
in a more permanent form, as the West- 



56 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



ern Citizen, now under Mr. Joel Lyle 
(1809). 

"We now arrive at the residence of 
Hon. Robt. Trimble, Judge of the Court 
of Appeals of Kentucky (later Supreme 
Court U. S.), which is the building that 
was formrely used as a tavern by Thos. 
Eades (residence Mrs. Lizzie Walker), 
the second in town. 

Mr. McCann, in his sketches of Paris, 
says that Hon. Eobt. Trimble, Wm, Gar- 
rard, Jr., William Kelley, Sam'l Han- 
son and Benj amine Mill were directors 
of the Public Library, chartered 1808, 
and burned 1829, but no hint as to where 
it was located can be found by the 
author. 

Here was located the first post office 
for some time strangely called Bourbon- 
ton, while the town was known in the 
local records as Paris. Across the street 
We see Thos. Philips' residence with 
I John Keenan's tailor shop adjoining (a 
little log building in yard of present 
Doeherer property). Here the fashion- 
able beaux of the county can have made 
Nankeen trousers, for day wear, or 
broadcloth knee breeches, for evening 
attire, of as fine a cut as in any city. 

On the corner of Church St. (4th and 
High) stands Peter Sharer's residence 
and horseshoeing shop. 

If we, on this visit in 1809, could 
prophesy the evolution of the business 
here, from blacksmithing to carriage 
factory and from carriage factory to 
automobile garage, we would be received 
with much forehead tapping and many 
significant winks and shakes of the head. 
But stranger things may happen in five 
score years and ten. 



We stroll on to Thos. Phillips' shop 
(W. 0. Hinton's home location), where 
he is engaged as a silversmith, and 
where you can have dollars melted into 
spoons, while you wait — if you possess 
the dollars and wait long enough. Next 
is the only church in town, a little stone 
structure (on the corner where Mrs. 
Davis lives in 1921), built twenty years 
ago by the Presbyterian congregation 
who use the rear of the church yard as a 
burial ground. Rev. Sam'l Rannells is 
the present minister and he (1809) also 
has charge of the Stoner Mouth Church 
in the county (Ruddles Mills). 

Other denominations than the Metho- 
dists and Presbyterians must ride to 
their several churches in the country and 
on a good day, we are told, one can see 
quite a procession of would-be church 
goers riding horseback in the various di- 
rections from town to attend services at 
Mt. Gilead, Cane Ridge, Coopers Run, 
Cane Run or Point Pleasant meeting 
house as the case may be. (Lower Bethel, 
Silas Creek Presbyterian Church at 
Clintonville and Hopewell were other 
old churches of that date.) Away they 
go, the men in front in the saddle, and 
their wives or sweethearts on a pillion 
behind them. The girls have to hold the 
men around the waist to keep from being 
spilled off and one often wonders how 
the horses happen to pick all the rough 
spots in the road. The women cover their 
best chintzes or sprigged calicoes with 
coarse riding skirts, which they pull off 
on dismounting. If it should happen to 
be a "Come Out Bride" day for a newly 
married pair, we would wait at the steps 
to see them ride up in their wedding 
finery, the groom's suit cut from the 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



57 



same bolt of brocade or velvet as the 
bride "s dress, no matter the color. 
^ Our fancies are interrupted by the 
sound of hammering, which issues from 
the log shop on our left, the property of 
Isaac Orchard rented out to a cabinet 
maker. The next building is a tavern 
(old Burr House, standing 1921) run by 
Mrs. Joseph Duncan, which has the dis- 
tinction of containing a ball room in 
which the efforts of an amateur dramatic 
society were presented to the public, 
last winter. 

(In this shop John P. Durbin, fam- 
ous I\Iethodist Minister, and President 
of Dickenson College during the forties, 
learned the cabinet makers trade.) 

Although all the members of the cast 
were, of necessity, men, we understand 
they were quite successful in the "fe- 
male" roles and that the performances 
were social occasions of no less brilliance 
than the more customary balls. 

At the latter, we are told, it is no 
longer good form for the belles to wear 
caps or powdered hair, but they must be 
crowned with the natural colored short 
curled wig or have the natural hair 
dressed in the Grecian or eastern style 
with a large plain comb in the back and 
stringy bangs across the forehead. Nor 
would the beaux dare to appear in their 
long trousers, so fashionable for day oc- 
casions, or with powdered wigs. So 
closely does this Paris society ape that 
of the French capitol. 

Let us satisfy ourselves with a glance 
at the rest of this street, as time is get- 
r ting short. Next to the Duncan Tavern 
is an old log building, also owned by that 
family (on site of City Hall and used 
later as barracks in War 1812) and be- 



yond are two log and one stone one 
story buildings, the residence and tailor- 
ing establishment of Frederick Loring. 
The house of Wm. Cleveland, just below, 
completes the town in that direction so 
we cross over to the stone drug store, 
on the corner of the street leading back 
to Main. Here (cor. Broadway and 
High), Dr. David Todd has his office and 
apothecary's shop. Just as we arrive, 
the doctor, himself, drives up to ex- 
change his chaise in which he has been 
making town visits, for the riding horse 
burdened with bulging saddle pockets, 
which is hitched at the door. The queer 
little stairway from the street leads to 
the office of the Western Citizen, above, 
no longer an experiment but now an es- 
tablished business. Although the owners 
still have to agree to accept mutton 
tallow and other commodities, in lieu of 
the subscription price of the paper, we 
predict, for them, success. 

Proceeding on, toward Main, we pass 
another stone building, a large two story 
one, in three divisions, used as a resi- 
dence and saddlery shop by Wm. and 
Thos. Mitchell. 

The post office stands next in a log 
building presided over by Wm. Paton, 
and no busier place in town can be found 
when the inhabitants turn out, en masse, 
to meet the incoming mails. 

We next pass a composite structure 
made of brick, logs and boards, the dry 
goods and tailoring establishment of 
Sam'l Williams. John Carnagy's one 
story frame dry goods shop and "Big" 
Billy Scott's snug brick house nestle 
next, bringing us back to the "Red 
House" on the corner and our own 
tavern opposite. 



WILLIAM THOMPSON PRICE. 

Foremost International Authority on the Principles of the Drama, Author 

"The Technique of the Drama," "The Analysis of Play Construction and 

Dramatic Principle," and "The Philosophy of Dramatic Principle and 

Method," Buried at Frankfort Under the Joint Auspices of The Fil- 

son Club and the Kentucky State Historical Society. Tributes 

from Many Distinguished Men of the Nation Quoted in 

Oration by Edmund Watson Taylor, Read at the 

Grave by Dr. Roger T. Nooe. 



of 



I. 

With David Belasco, Daniel Frohman, 
Lawrence Reamer, Thomas Dixon, Guy 
Bates Post, Henry Watterson, Marc 
Klaw, Young E. Allison, Harrison Rob- 
inson, Otto Rothert, Harrison Grey 
Fiske, Alfred C. Kennedy, Fulton Col- 
ville, and others who had known him 
well in life, as honorary pallbearers, the 
remains of Kentucky's distinguished 
son, William Thompson Price, inter- 
national authority on the principles of 
the drama, were buried in the Frankfort 
cemetery October 29, 1921. The cere- 
mony, under the auspices of the Filson 
Club and the Kentucky State Historical 
Society, was conducted by the Rev. 
Roger T. Nooe, Christian Church. 

The active pallbearers consisted of 
George L. Payne, Henry F. Offut, Wood- 
ford W. Longmoor, L. Vance Armen- 
trout, J. Swigert Taylor and Edmund 
W. Taylor. Friends, relatives and ad- 
mirers of the late Mr. Price arrived on 
the morning trains which brought the 
representatives of the Filson Club. 

Governor Edwin P. Morrow, Presi- 
dent ex-officio of the Kentucky State 



Historical Society, compelled to be out 
of the city, expressed over long distance 
telephone his deep interest in the 
tribute. Vice President H. V. McChes- 
ney, Chief Justice Rollin Hurt and As- 
sociate Justices of the Kentucky Court 
of Appeals, Circuit Judge Robert L. 
Stout, Mayor Rosson, members of the 
city council, and members of the city 
and State organizations were present on 
the lawn of the old State House to meet 
without formality those who had come 
to Frankfort for the ceremony. 

At eleven o'clock the automobiles 
moved up the hill to the cemetery and 
stopped beside the monument of Daniel 
Boone. Here the casket was borne to the 
open grave beside the marble tablet of 
Robert Burns Wilson, and to those 
grouped about on this historic eminence 
the Rev. Roger T. Nooe read the ora- 
tion written by Edmund W. Taylor, a 
devoted friend during the last ten years 
of Mr. Price's life. 

The oration read, Dr. Nooe closed the 
ceremony with an earnest prayer as all 
stood in the bright fall sunshine of a 
cloudless morning. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



59 



In the oration the tributes of many 
of Mr. Price's distinguished friends 
were set forth in appreciative recogni- 
tion of what they meant in the dramatic 
art. 

II. 

The oration of Mr. Taylor in full, as 
reported in the Frankfort State Journal 
of October 30th, 1921, follows: 

"We are gathered here together this 
October morning amidst the gorgeous 
colors with which God has clothed this 
upland, from which we view the autumn 
splendors of hill and vale, of winding 
river, and all the outspread beauty of 
Kentucky's capital — we are gathered to- 
gether on this upland that under the 
auspices of the Filson Club and the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society we may 
pay a simple tribute to the genius of 
William Thompson Price. 

A native Kentuckian, "he was one 
time dramatic editor of the Courier- 
Journal," says Henry Watterson, who 
loved him well. 

They have brought his sealed casket 
here from Greenwood cemetery not only 
that he may sleep within the soil he 
loved, but they have chosen this incom- 
parable spot because this man whom we 
are to bury here today so toiled to lift 
the ideals of his art — the art of the 
drama — that he became internationally 
known as a foremost exponent of its 
highest aims. 

His powerful intellect, which led him 
later to forty years of unceasing re- 
search into the fundamental principles 
of dramatic structure, was allied with a 
modest genuineness of heart and such a 
charm of sincerity that those who wit- 
nessed the growth of his accomplishment 



became tenderly affectionate as their ad- 
miration grew. 

"I congratuate you with all my 
heart," said Mrs. Fiske. "You have 
touched upon all the essentials which 
confront the author in the construction 
of a play," said Frohman. 

"You have reduced essentials to a 
degree of science," said Locke, the 
author of "The Climax." 

"The most valuable contributions to 
the subject in years," said Harrison 
Grey Fiske. 

Bronson Howard, Joseph Jefferson, 
Richard Mansfield loved him as much 
as they marveled at his analytical work, 
and spoke his praise. 

"He has given the world a new 'Po- 
etic,' " said the London Atheneum. 

This man was not a writer of plays 
and neither was Aristotle, who searched 
out the first little group of basic princi- 
ples which Mr. Price two thousand years 
and more afterward was to enlarge, 
correlate and define. 

Neither believed it within the power 
of any human agency to endow a student 
or a reader with genius or talent. 
Neither set forth any set of arbitrary 
rules to place dramatic talent in bond- 
age. 

Neither claimed to give one iota of 
creative power, or to confer ability to 
call characters and plots from the vasty 
deep. 

Both simply recognized the drama to 
be a great and serviceable art capable 
of its highest achievements for humanity 
when treated with respect by genius, de- 
ferent and chastened to those higher 
mandates of nature and the human mind 



60 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



which God in his wisdom has irrevoca- 
bly set. 

This man was no mere artificer. 

His trilogy of masterpieces, "The 
Technique of the Drama," his "Analysis 
of Play Construction," his "Philosophy 
of Dramatic Principle," has lifted him 
into an ascendency shared by few out- 
side of Aristotle and Lessing. 

Yesterday those of us who read the 
praise bestowed Upon this Kentuckian 
by the editorial, "Back Home at Last," 
in the Louisville Herald could not but 
pause to sense his greatness of mind and 
heart. 

Those of us who read in this morning's 
Louisville Courier-Journal the more 
than column editorial devoted | to his 
genius need no elaboration now. 

Those who read in this morning's 
State Journal the editorial, "In Ken- 
tucky Soil," know that here before us 
lies a man of men. 

In placing his casket today in this 
hallowed earth beside the grave of Ken- 
tucky 's beloved poet, Eobert Burns Wil- 
son, we recognize that brotherhood 
among the arts which Almighty God in 
his largess has given man to comfort his 
earthly days. 

Here may they both sleep the earthly 
sleep side by side in this "Westminster 
Abbey of Kentucky — worthy in mind 
and heart and character of every loyal 
thought we give them. 

Here where these sheltering trees 
stand sentinel by the monument of Ken- 
tucky's immortal pioneer, they are to 
rest until the daybreak. 

And, my friends, is it not a glorious 
thought that Kentucky knows how to 
keep the faith ? 



Here on this sacred hill Theodore 
O'Hara sleeps. 

To this spot Kentucky brought home 
from Italy Joel T. Hart, her sculptor 
and the world's. 

Here sleeps Henry T. Stanton. Here 
sleeps Leonard, the first sound reader 
of the Morse code. 

All about you on this glorious hill the 
falling leaves today gently touch granite 
and marble that mark the last earthly 
home of Kentuckians who have served 
mankind. 

Soldiers of all the wars sleep here, 
Governors, Chief Justices of Ken- 
tucky's highest court, Ambassadors. 
Here lie John J. Crittenden and a dozen 
distinguished sons of this State who 
graced the United States Senate chamber 
through the periods of America's on- 
ward march. 

The shafts about you in this God's 
acre attest the fame of many more. 

And when loving friends are come to- 
gether in a place like this what fitter 
honor can be paid to one they aspire to 
render homage than that the last words 
said before his body is lowered in the 
earth shall come from the hearts of those 
who knew him best in the midst of his 
labors ? 

These informal expressions are all the 
more to be treasured that they are sent 
warm from the heart speaking with a 
deeper sincerity than more formal utter- 
ance could speak. 

"I am honored to be among the hon- 
orary pallbearers for W. T. Price," was 
the wire received yesterday from David 
Belsaco. 

"He was inspiration to me," says 
Thomas Dixon, author of "The Clans- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



61 



man." from which "The Birth of a Na- 
tion" was screened. 

"A finer man I never knew," says 
Guy Bates Post. "His books and his 
teaching have been of greatest value to 
me. What a wonderful place for our 
dear Mr. Price. I mourn for him, and 
shall be thinking of him on the twenty- 
ninth." 

' ' He devoted his life to the message he 
was to deliver," says Alfred C. Ken- 
nedy, playwright. 

"He wrought his work without price 
or promise, always with his face to the 
East. To his art he willingly became a 
slave so that the better he might be its 
master. 

"He was a teacher, teaching those who 
stopped to listen, through whom the 
multitude might hear; and in what he 
taught, a pioneer of the mind as he who 
lies near under yonder monument was 
that of the soil. 

"As he scorned the mean and the sor- 
did, so he loved the truth, and lived and 
spoke it; he fought valiantly for right- 
eousness and purity in his art, and in 
this, not for art's, but for human na- 
ture's sake. 

"With simple trust he believed in all 
things, and believing there came the day 
of his faith, his work complete. 

"His was the gospel of kindness that 
made his friendship a gift. He had the 
mind of a sage, the soul of the -artist, 
the heart of a child; he was loved; he 
was a gentleman. 

' ' Gathered to the silent brotherhood of 
Kentucky 's sons, it is meet that the hills 
that gave him shall take him unto them- 
selves again." 



Last night a wire came from the dra- 
matic editor of the New York Herald, 
Lawrence Reamer, known wherever cur- 
rent dramatic criticism is known. 

"William T. Price," says this wire 
from New York's dean of dramatic 
critics, "was the first American to give 
drama the dignity of an art which could, 
like other arts, be in its principles im- 
parted to others. He was the pioneer 
of the theory that drama may, like 
music, which is an art and a science, be 
taught to others in the principles. ' ' 

This is the wire received this morning 
from Daniel Frohman: 

"I mourn with you the loss of the 
man who gave his best efforts in foster- 
ing the higher interests of the stage by 
his instructive teachings." 

Again writes Thomas Dixon : 

"I am greatly pleased to learn of the 
honor Kentucky is to pay to one of her 
greatest sons, my friend and fellow 
student, William Thompson Price. 

"I cannot be with you Saturday in 
person but I will be in spirit. Mr. Price 
was not only my teacher in the art of 
playwriting, he was my warm personal 
friend and his death threw a shadow on 
my life. He was my most intimate friend 
in the world of thought and letters. He 
was not only a scholar and an original 
thinker, he was always sweet and human 
in his outlook on men and things. To 
know him was an inspiration. He never 
grew old. He was as young at 75 as 17. 

"To him life was always a glorious 
adventure. His studies in dramatic art 
have laid the foundation of a genuine 
school of constructive achievement in 
America. In honoring him the great 



62 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



state that gave him his birth is honoring 
herself. ' ' 

Thus speaks Thomas Dixon. 

Says Francis Wilson: 

"He who lies here was my friend and 
I am unwilling to see the earth close out 
the face and form of that friend without 
a word of what he meant to the world in 
which he worked. 

"He was the first to formulate the 
principles of a great art — the art of the 
drama, which is the most powerful of 
all arts because the most popular — an 
art which not only refreshes and sus- 
tains mankind but instructs and inspires 
it. 

"The value of the work that our 
friend did in this respect is incalcula- 
ble — it will, like the waves made by a 
pebble cast into a stream, roll on and on 
to infinitude. 

"His was an upright mind and true, 
hating all sham with an intensity of a 
deep and virile nature, especially that 
sham which claims that without prepara- 
tion or proper thought or care one could 
give to the world a masterpiece of dra- 
matic literature. 

"He was a great teacher. Pie did not 
pretend to bestow inspiration and genius 
— but he did assert those principles that 
teach the direction and guidance of 
genius ; and in this task he wrought with 
the hand of a master. 

"Many of the rarest and wisest 
things that have been said of the great 
art of the drama were said for the first 
time by the man who lies here. 

"For one of his genius he dwelt al- 
most alone in obscurity; but no history 
of the drama could ever be written with- 



out taking into account those principles 
of the drama which he alone was the 
first adequately to formulate. 

"As a friend he was faithful and 
tender to the core; and in taking our 
farewell of him we should like him to 
know how proud we are to lay these lit- 
tle tributes of respect, of admiration and 
affection on his casket." 



III. 

EDITORIALS. 

William T. Price. 

(Courier-Journal Editorial.) 

Today a worthy tribute will be paid 
the memory of William Thompson Price 
in the Frankfort cemetery, singularly 
distinguished as the resting place of so 
many Kentuckians of eminence and 
achievement. Like Joel T. Hart, whose 
body was transferred to this cemetery 
from Eome, and like Robert Burns Wil- 
son, removed from New York, the re- 
mains of Mr. Price have been brought 
from that city, in which he died about 
eighteen months ago, to the Kentucky 
capital, where they will be interred by 
the side of Wilson's grave. 

This ceremony, under the auspices of 
the Filson Club and the Kentucky His- 
torical Society, is 'notably appropriate 
on the part of organizations which exist 
to cherish the history of Kentucky and 
Kentuckians. Mr. Price was a Ken- 
tuckian whose work constitutes a chap- 
ter in the story of intellectual Kentuck- 
ians in which his State should take 
pride. 

He was born near Louisville in 1846. 
Well educated, he abandoned the law to 
become a member of the Courier-Jour- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



63 



nal's staff in the seventies, acting as its 
dramatic critic for five years, and act- 
ing with, the exceptional ability of an 
acute insight into dramatic values and 
a thorough study of dramatic technique. 
From Louisville he went to New York, 
where he contributed much to the 
anonymous theatrical literature of the 
press and where ultimately he became 
a pioneer in the education of play- 
wrights and an authority on the prin- 
ciples of play construction. 

No one outside of the inner circles of 
American theatrical life can have any 
adequate idea of the factor that Price 
was in the modern drama. For years 
he was chief play-reader for the Union 
Square Theater when, under A. M. 
Palmer, it was in its glory. After the 
passing of that house he acted in a 
similar capacity for Harrison Grey 
Fiske. He was consulted as an expert 
by many dramatists and during the last 
thirty years millions of theater-goers 
have sat before the footlights and en- 
joyed successful plays with no suspicion 
of the great part his unknown hand had 
taken in making them successes. 

Such became the demand for his serv- 
ices as an adviser of playmakers and 
a "doctor" of plays that he ventured 
upon the experiment of establishing a 
school for dramatists. He broke new 
ground here, for his school was the first 
of its kind in the world. There are 
others now, some in the great univers- 
ities, but Price showed the way, and was 
successful from the start. 

His monumental work, however, was 
in his profound studies and definite 
formulation of the principles which un- 



derlie the successful play. He held that 
these were fundamental; that their ob- 
servance was imperative for the vitality 
of any stage production ; that their vio- 
lation inexorably means failure, however 
meritorious the effort may be otherwise. 
He went to the bottom of the question 
in his study of it. Aristotle was not 
more comprehensive and exhaustive in 
his investigation of this question as it 
presented itself in his time than Price 
was in his investigation of it as it pre- 
sented itself in all times. 

The result was the enunciation of the 
basic principles of playwriting which 
Price set forth and expounded in his 
books, "Technique of the Drama;" 
"Analysis of Play Construction and 
Dramatic Principle;" "Why Plays 
Fail," and "The Philosophy of Dra- 
matic Construction and Method" also 
inculcating these principles in his month- 
ly magazine, "The American Play- 
wright. ' ' 

Mr. Price did not pretend that he 
could teach any man to write a good 
acting play who did not have it in him 
to write such a play. What he insisted 
was, that no man who did have it in 
him to write a good play, however great 
a genius he might be, could write it ex- 
cept by complying with the principles 
which he emphasized. 

No one is a more ardent admirer of 
Price and his work, or more familiar 
with both, than Edmund W. Taylor of 
Frankfort; and no one, so far as the 
Courier-Journal knows, has given a more 
keenly appreciative estimate of them. 
Mr. Taylor, after indicating Price's 
versatility as a writer, says truly that 
he "found his real destiny in analytical 



64 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



and philosphical study of universal dra- 
matic construction. I could not fail to 
discern beneath these daily activities in 
the thick of the fray a dedication of him- 
self to more than a period. With deep 
conviction, free from personal vanity and 
leading him almost to self-effacement, he 
felt that a pioneer's task had fallen to 
him; the tremendous task of leaving 
after his death a permanent, worth-while 
contribution to the very foundations of 
the art." 

That, undoubtedly, he left such a con- 
tribution is now fully recognized in the 
field which he made his own. 



Back Home at Last. 
(From the Louisville Herald.) 

In the old State cemetery at Frank- 
fort, where have been gathered many of 
Kentucky 's illustrious dead, another dis- 
tinguished son will be deposited Satur- 
day. The body of William T. Price will 
be brought home from New York and 
laid beside that of Robert Burns Wilson, 
poet and painter. Both will sleep near 
the grave of Daniel Boone, upon that 
eminence which commands a panoramic 
view of the sweeping curve in the Ken- 
tucky river, overlooking the new glories 
of the old capital city. It is a spot 
where artists might well choose to lie and 
where even the rugged old pioneer might 
in spirit see the fruition of his wilder- 
ness dream spread out in landscape 
beauty. 

Except to those few who have kept 
abreast of the intimate development of 
dramatic construction as an art, the 



name of William T. Price is unknown to 
Kentuckians of this generation. Forty- 
odd years ago he was a dramatic critic 
in Louisville, whose articles on the stage 
and its productions attracted wide at- 
tention. His penetrating mind sought 
much more than the mere dissection of 
current and standard plays as applied 
to routine productions. He tirelessly 
sought for the vital principles of dra- 
matic influence behind them, and so 
mere criticism wearied him. He turned 
his attention to the constructive princi- 
ples of the drama. While he was laying 
the groundwork in study he paused long 
enough to write a curious book, "With- 
out Scrip or Purse," which was a psy- 
chological account of the personality and 
labors of George 0. Barnes, known as 
"The Mountain Evangelist." Mr. 
Barnes was a scholar, an orator, a 
dreamer of the truth of religion in prac- 
tice, and with his doctrine of healing the 
sick by anointing and prayer he had set 
Kentucky afire with religious enthusiasm. 
He held many meetings in Louisville. 

"Without Scrip or Purse "' contained 
several chapters on existing and passing 
life in Kentucky that were literary re- 
velations of sympathy and beauty. They 
were the foundations upon which suc- 
ceeding authors built some great suc- 
cesses in fiction. He afterward wrote a 
play, "The Old Kentucky Home," his 
first and only one, in which the atmos- 
phere of his studies in "Without Scrip 
or Purse" was dramatized. 

About 1881 Mr. Price went to New 
York and was for many years the closest 
reader and adviser of A. M. Palmer, 
Augustin Daly and other great theatri- 
cal managers, reconstructing and pass- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



65 



ing upon plays and continuing his 
studies of dramatic construction. In 
1892 he published a book that was to 
make stage history in Europe and Amer- 
ica. It was "The Technique of the 
Drama. ' ' It attracted world-wide atten- 
tion at once. Critics, producers, play- 
wrights and reviewers hailed it as an 
epochal work. It was followed later by 
reinforcements of the idea in "Analysis 
of Play Construction and Dramatic 
Principle." He also established a maga- 
zine called ' ' The American Playwright ' ' 
and conducted a school for teaching the 
art of writing plays. He found time to 
write and publish a "Life of Macready" 
and to prepare a history of Palmer's 
Theater, which was not intended for 
publication. 

It is said of Mr. Price's books upon 
dramatic construction that the world's 
stage since their publication has shown 
their influence in every ambitious play 
that has been presented. They are in 
every university library of the world 
where dramatic principle is studied 
and taught. He was the friend and dra- 
matic adviser of many of the outstand- 
ing playwrights of today. The most ef- 
fective of recent American plays was 
probably "The Clansman," from which 
"The Birth of a Nation" was arranged 
for the screen. Thomas Dixon, the au- 
thor, acknowledged his debt to the Price 
principles. "He was an inspiration to 
me," said Dixon. 

This is the Kentuckian brought home 
to lie in the God's acre amongst others 
who have brought distinction upon the 
State. 



In Kentucky Soil 
(From Kentucky State Journal) 

"William Thompson Price was a Ken- 
tuckian who thought with the Greek 
dramatists and walked with the masters 
of the principles of dramatic construc- 
tion. He was better known to men and 
women whose work is done with the pen 
than to the public. He belonged to a 
brilliant and a singular company of 
achieving men whose circle has been 
called, not inaptly, that of the obscure 
celebrities; men who are celebrated for 
having done rarely good work in fields 
not under the eyes of the average man. 

The Filson Club and the Kentucky 
Historical Society, under whose aus- 
pices tribute is paid here in Frankfort 
to the memory of Price, are discriminat- 
ing and conscientious organizations, not 
given to recognizing others than those 
worthy of their recognition. It is alto- 
gether suitable that their recognition 
should attend and sanction the ceremon- 
ial commitment of the body of ¥m. 
Thompson Price to the keeping of Ken- 
tucky soil. 

The author of such books as "The 
Analysis of Dramatic Principle" and 
"The Technique of the Drama" wrote 
for students, guided aspiring and 
able artists to a higher plane. He was 
known by, and respected by, such critics 
of the drama as William Winter, whose 
writing gave to the critical columns of 
the New York Tribune authority and 
charm which no other American news- 
paper has possessed. His advice was 
sought by the leading producers for the 
American stage, from A. M. Palmer and 
his contemporaries to the leaders of the 
present time, and by such actors — ven- 



66 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



erators of genuine art — as Richard 
Mansfield. 

If we should classify Price, in the 
company of explorers, soldiers, states- 
men, poets, sculptors and others whose 
laurels are celebrated in epitaphs upon 
"fame's eternal camping ground" upon 
the hill overlooking the river we should 
call him a man with a genius for hard 
labor. 

Lessing, the great German critic and 
dramatist, was spoken of by his tutor as 
a horse that needed double fodder. He 
was not content to consume one kind of 
learning at a time, but demanded more. 
While acquiring knowledge along the 
steeper and more rugged pathways which 
are shunned by men less vigorous-mind- 
.ed, he created, among other things, a 
new school of criticism and a new stand- 
ard of literary art in Germany. 

Like Lessing, Price was a plunging 
worker. Like Lessing, who wouldn't ac- 
cept the "Chair of Eloquence" at Ko- 
nigsburg because holding it involved an 
annual eulogy of the King, Price was un- 
swervingly loyal to his ideals. He strove 
to improve art rather than to please 
anyone. His conception of art was like 
that of Aristotle who held that the imita- 
tive arts serve "the ends of noble pleas- 
ure and relaxation." He strove to en- 
noble the pleasure of relaxation. "What 
he achieved in that direction is indicated 
by the fact that the London Atheneum 
declared one of his books a new 
"Poetic," referring to a work of Aris- 
title upon the philosophy of art. Such 
scholarliness as that of William Thomp- 
son Price grows out of the gifts of in- 
dustry and high mental quality, but is 



in itself not only a gift but high and 
hard-won achievement. 

To Daniel Boone, who occupies, just- 
ly, a position of prominence upon the 
hill, life was a thrilling adventure. 
Theodore O'Hara is another of the gal- 
lant company whose tombs are gilded 
when 

'Tis evening and the great sun disap- 
pears 

Beyond the Benson Hills . . . 

While twilight gathers on the tangled 
steeps. 

To O'Hara life was a lark, as it was 
to D'Artagnan, especially in the days 
when the future Confederate Colonel 
was with Lopez and Walker. In the 
solemnity of an emotional hour, due to 
his warmth of heart for those who fell 
at Buena Vista, he wrote the poem which 
gave him everlasting fame. 

To Price art was long, life was short, 
and work was everything. The reputa- 
tion of many of those with whom he 
sleeps was wider than his and won, in 
the case of the writers and statesmen, to 
the accompaniment of applause, in the 
case of the soldiers, to the heroic music 
of bugle and drum. Price's pathway 
in life was a quiet way. Insofar as pop- 
ular knowledge of his work was concern- 
ed his path was obscure. A unique ele- 
ment is added to the company in which 
he rests. The record of his life will be 
an inspiration to young Kentuckians 
whose mettle is such that they can bend 
themselves to the mental effort which 
makes true artists of those who are law 
givers to art. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



67 



IV. 

SUPPLEMENTAL. 

The KLaw Theatre Building, 

New York, November 9, 1921. 

I knew W. T. Price as one of the sin- 
cerest men and greatest idealists of my 
entire acquaintance; a gentle yet cour- 
ageous soul who at any time would have 
rather been right than president. His 
"Technique of the Drama" I heard 
Joseph Jefferson once say would become 
a test book in the school of dramatic 
literature. I am glad to think that he is 
back home among his ancestors. 
Very truly yours, 

Marc Klaw. 
To Edmund Watson Taylor, 
Frankfort, Ky. 

Lyceum Theatre, 

New York, November 9th, 1921. 

William T. Price's love and work for 

the stage was so sincere and honest and 

helpful that its value will be felt by all 

who give their time and efforts to the 

drama. He was always personally a 

charming and interesting man. 

Gratefully yours, 

Daniel Frohman. 
E. W. Taylor, 

Frankfort, Ky. 

November 15, 1921. 
Dear Mr. Taylor: 

I am indeed grateful for your letter 
and the newspaper clippings, describ- 
ing the appropriate honor that has 
been bestowed upon one of Kentucky's 
most gifted and distinguished sons. I 
presume I was out of the city with Mrs. 
Fiske and her company at the time Mr. 
Kennedy tried to reach me, and I knew 
nothing of the ceremony until the re- 
ceipt of your letter. I am happy to send 
you enclosed a few words regarding Mr. 



Price for the Historical Register, as you 
suggest. 

Sincerely yours, 

(Signed) Harrison Grey Fiske. 
Mr. Edmund Watson Taylor, 

Frankfort, Ky. 

New York, Nov. 21, 1921. 

The contributions of William T. Price 
to the American drama exceed in value 
those of any man thus far identified 
with its history. 

It was not in the form of the plays 
he wrote, not in triumphant produc- 
tions with which his name was pub- 
licly associated; it was in the silent, 
far-reaching, vital, constructive work 
he did that he exercised an inestimable 
influence, during his active, ceaselessly 
industrious life, on the contemporary 
stage, an influence that will continue to 
be felt potentially for generations to 
come. Patiently, skilfully and compre- 
hensively he wove from tangled, confus- 
ed threads a system of play analysis 
and construction that constituted what 
might be termed a new art. The system 
was sane and sound and logical. It was 
founded on fundamental principles 
which he discovered and put in order; 
other men had unconsciously, perhaps, 
employed some of these principles, but 
it remained for him to identify them, 
assemble them, and state them in such 
manner as to be convincing, instructive 
and helpful. He devoted himself pas- 
sionately but impersonally to this work 
and to guiding and instructing others 
so that they might understand and profit 
by the application of his ideas and con- 
clusions. 

If ever a temple is erected in Amer- 
ica to honor its drama the name of Wil- 
liam T. Price should be carved on the 
keystone of the arch of its portal. 
Harrison Grey Fiske. 



CLARK COUNTY, KENTUCKY, IN THE CENSUS OF 1810. 

Copied and Edited by A. C. Quisenberry 



When the first census of the United 
State was taken, in 1790, Kentucky was 
still a part of Virginia, and what is now 
Clark County was then embraced in 
Fayette County. The census of Ken- 
tucky was taken in 1790, as a part of 
Virginia, but the returns of that census 
of Virginia are no longer in existence, 
having been lost from the records of the 
census onice in Washington at some time 
in the past. The same is true of the re- 
turns of the census of 1800, so far as 
the State of Kentucky is concerned. 
Therefore, the first census returns of any 
Kentucky county still preserved by the 
census office are those of the census of 
1810. 

The following census of the popula- 
tion of Clark County, Kentucky, was 
■copied by me from the original returns 
in the census office in May, 1914, just 
104 years after the census was taken. It 
appears that the whole of Clark County 
was taken by one man — Daniel B. Price 
■ — who, unless he was under twenty-one 
years of age, was apparently not a citi- 
zen of the county, since his name does 
not appear in the enumeration. 

So far as the white people of the coun- 
ty ,are concerned, they were enumerated 
in four classes, according to their ages — 
under ten years, between ten and sixteen 
years, between sixteen and twenty-six 
years, between twenty-six and forty-five 
years, and forty-five years and over. In 
making a copy of the census returns for 
Clark County I did not follow these di- 



visions, but simply gave the total num- 
ber of white persons in each family. The 
slaves are not given in the returns in 
groups of ages, but simply in a lump 
sum — so many slaves owned by each head 
of a family that owned any at all. It is 
curious to note how comparatively few 
in number the slaves in Clark County 
were at that early date. The total pop- 
ulation of the county was 11,519, of 
whom 2,934 were slaves, and 23 were 
free persons of color. The total number 
of heads of families in the county, in- 
cluding the town of Winchester, was 
1,185, of whom 698 (59 per cent) owned 
no slaves at all ; and of those who owned 
slaves a great majority had only one, 
or two, or three. The largest slave hold- 
ers in the county in 1810 were the follow- 
ing; William Bush, 16; Mary Bush, 16; 
Abijah Brooks, 20; David Bullock, 22; 
Robert Clark, 19; Cuthbert Combs, Sr., 
38; Leroy Cole, 19; Isaac Cunningham, 
16 ; Robert Didlake, 23 ; James Eubank, 
29; Achilles Eubank, 29; Jacob Fish- 
back, 18 ; James Gay, 18 ; John Haggard, 
16 ; Richard Holley, 23 ; Edward Hock- 
aday, 17 ; John Martin, 25 ; Philip Petro, 
17; Timothy Parrish, 17; Mary Shrop- 
shire, 15; Charles Scott, 15; Hubbard 
Taylor, 35 ; Thomas Wright, 17. In the 
town of Winchester: David Dodge, 24; 
Thomas Pickett, 18 ; George Webb, 17 ; 
William Webb, 26. 

In the town of Winchester there were 
forty-eight heads of families, all but nine 
of whom owned slaves. I have not test- 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



69 



ed the census enumerator's figures as to 
the county, but he certainly erred in his 
enumeration of the population of the 
town of Winchester, which he gives as 
249 whites and 239 colored, total 488. 
His figures add up 300 whites, 239 col- 
ored, total 539. 

It is interesting to note what a great 
number of families who were in the 
county in 1810 — more than a century 
ago — are still represented there. On 
the other hand, many names more or 
less numerously represented in the coun- 
ty in the census of 1810 have no repre- 
sentatives at all in the county now. The 
following are only a few of the names 
that have disappeared from the county 
during a century, to-wit : 

Ashbrook, Alderman, Bristow, Bost- 
wick, Brassfield, Boulware, Battershell 
Bonnifield, Burbridge, Buckhannon 
Blackwell, Beckwith, Callaway, Cullum 
(Cullom), Capps, Crosthwait, Constable 
Crockett, Cotton, Cast, Copher, Chorn 
Duncan, Donelson, Daniel, Duke 
Downey, Elledge, Empson, Flanagan 
Figgins, Greening, Goodloe, Gass, Gool 
man, Grooms, Hanson, Hickman, Hood 
Holliday, Hooten, Haney, Hieronymus 
Hardesty, Herndon, Jacobs, Kincaid 
Lott, Lackland, Lassiter, Lampton 
Leckey, Miles, March, Marsh, Moxley 
Noble, Orear, Petroe, Philbert, Pickett 
Poole, Pangborn, Pebworth, Ritchie 
Ridgway, Routt, Rollins, Ryon, Ricketts 
Rountree, Romine, Ramey, Shrite, Sud- 
duth, Skeets, Sherwood, Shipton, Short 
Shelton, Stribling, Sapperton, Shrop 
\shire, Skillman, Spillman, Trowbridge 
Tinsley, Thurman, Vivion, Vallandig 
ham, Whitsitt, "Whitham, Whitehurst 
Widows, Wornall. 



Some of the names on the census re- 
turns of 1810 for Clark County have cut 
a figure in our country's history in one 
way or another, and of these mention 
may be made of the following: 

William Bush ("Captain Billy") was 
a famous Indian fighter, "a friend and 
companion of Daniel Boone." He was- 
one of the party who first settled Boones- 
borough on April 1, 1775, and he was 
the first man who ever took up land in 
what is now Clark County. 

John Baker, late of Winchester, Va., 
founded the town of Winchester, Ky., in 
1792, and it was made the county seat, 
of Clark County in 1793. 

Archibald Bristow was the grand- 
father of Benjamin Bristow, Secretary 
of the Treasury under President Grant. 

Shelby M. Cullom, born in Kentucky, 
was a Union Major General in the Civil 
War, and for many years a United States 
Senator from Illinois. It is believedi 
that he was a grandson of Thomas" 
Cullum, whose name appears on this 
census return. 

James Clark, enumerated in the town 
of Winchester, was Governor of Ken- 
tucky, 1836-39, dying in office. He also 
served several terms in Congress. 

James Lampton was the father of 
Jane Lampton, who married John Mar- 
shall Clemens, of Lexington, Ky., and 
became the mother of Samuel Lang- 
home Clemens, who won a world wide 
and lasting fame under the pen name 
of "Mark Twain." Jane Lampton was 
born in Winchester in a brick house on 
the corner of Main and Hickman streets 
(then called "Highland" street). This 
house is still standing, and used to be 
known as "the Trowbridge place." 



70 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Samuel Hanson, enumerated in the 
town of Winchester, himself one of the 
first lawyers of his day, was the father 
of General Koger W. Hanson, of the 
Confederate army, and of Colonel 
Charles S. Hanson, of the Union army, 
in the Civil "War. 

Richard Hickman was Lieutenant 
Governor of Kentucky, 1812-1816, and 
was acting Governor of the State during 
the absence of Governor Isaac Shelby in 
command of Kentucky troops in the 
field, in the Thames campaign, in 1813. 

Lieutenant General John B. Hood, a 
distinguished Confederate General, was 
born in Clark County, and was the 
grandson of Lewis Hood, enumerated on 
this census roll. Lewis Hood was the 
founder of Hood's Station, back in the 
Indian fighting days, and his station 
came within one vote of being made the 
county seat when Winchester was chosen 
for that honor. 

Daniel Orear, on this census roll, 
Was the great-grandfather of Judge Ed- 
ward C. O'Rear, of the Kentucky Court 
of Appeals, who was Republican candi- 
date for Governor of Kentucky a few 
years ago. 

John L. Routt, twice Governor of Col- 
orado, was the grandson of either Daniel 
Routt or George Routt, who appear on 
this roll. 

Charles Scott, enumerated on this cen- 
sus return, served as a corporal in Brad- 
dock's campaign, in 1755; was a Briga- 
dier General in the Revolutionary War; 
commanded a corps of Kentuckians in 
St. Clair's campaign in Ohio in 1791, 
and again in Wayne 's campaign in Ohio 
in 1794 ; and was Governor of Kentucky, 
1808-1812. He died in 1820, and was 



buried in Clark County, near the Bour- 
bon County line, in a family graveyard 
adjacent to the turnpike road leading 
from Winchester to Paris. In 1854, by 
authority of an act of the legislature, 
his remains were disinterred and car- 
ried to Frankfort, where they were re- 
interred in the State cemetery with dis- 
tinguished honors. 

William Vaughn (Vaughan), enumer- 
ated in the town of Winchester, was a 
tailor there in 1810. In his autobiog- 
raphy he says that in August, 1810 (just 
about the time this census was taken), 
he was converted from infidelity by a 
sermon he heard preached "at the old 
log Baptist meeting house called Rocky 
Spring, about three miles from Win- 
chester." He adds that this sermon was 
preached by Rev. James Quisenberry 
(great-grandfather of this writer) from 
the 'text : ' ' The great day of his wrath 
has come, and who shall be able to 
stand?" After his conversion William 
Vaughan became a preacher, and he 
ranked in his day, and still ranks, as 
one of the greatest Baptist ministers 
that ever lived. 

One of the great-granddaughters of 
Francis Rush, of this roll, married John 
H. Reagan, who was one of the founders 
of the Republic of Texas, Postmaster 
General of the Confederate States, and 
United States Senator from Texas for 
several terms. 

Those heads of families in Clark 
County, in 1810, who most probably 
served as soldiers in the Revolutionary 
War I have marked with an asterisk (*) 
in the subjoined list, and there are about 
four hundred and fifty of them. A great 
many of these have been positively 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



identified as Revolutionary War soldiers 
by their application for pensions, still 
preserved in the Pension Office at Wash- 
ington, and it is believed that practically 
all of them, can be so identified, either 
from the records of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral's office, at the War Department, in 
Washington, or from the State records 
in Richmond, Virginia. It is a well 
known fact that about nine-tenths of the 
early settlers of Clark County were from 
Virginia. The State of Virginia has re- 
cently caused to be printed two volumes 
of names of Virginians who served in 
the Revolutionary War, as proven by rec- 
ords still in existence ; and, with the ex- 
ception of a few pensioners from other 
states, the names of every one of the 
heads of families in Clark County in 
1810 marked with an asterisk in the fol- 
lowing list, has been found by me in 
those two volumes of Virginia Revolu- 
tionary War soldiers. 

In the War of 1812, which began two 
years after this census was taken, Clark 
County furnished more than nine hun- 
dred volunteers. 

When the census of 1810 was taken, 
Clark County, in addition to its pres- 
ent territory, embraced considerable ter- 
ritory that is now in the counties of 
Estill and Powell — probably about one- 
third of each of those counties. 

The copy of the census list now fol- 
lows: 

CLARK COUNTY, KENTUCKY. 
1810. 

No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Aldridge, William 8 

Aldridge, Nicholas 7 

Adams, Spencer 8 6 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Adams, Mary 8 

Adams, Elisha 4 2 

*Adams, John 9 

Adams, John 11 5 

Adams, Nathan 3 

♦Arbuckle, James 10 1 

Arbuckle, Samuel 4 

*AUen, Benjamin 9 

*AUen, William 5 

Allen, William 5 4 

Allen, Jeremiah 9 

♦Allen, Isham 3 11 

*Allen, Josiah 10 

Allen, George 3 2 

♦Allen, Thomas 4 1 

Allen, Joseph 10 1 

Allen, John 3 

♦Anderson, Matthew 11 11 

♦Anderson, James 9 

Arnold, Rice W 2 4 

♦Arnold, John 10 1 

Atkins, Allen S 3 

♦Atkins, James 3 1 

Atkins, William 3 

Armstrong, Samuel 6 

Armstrong, Jacob 11 

♦Acton (Ecton), Smallwood- 5 4 

Ashbrook, Levy 14 

Abbott, Bivin 6 10 

Alcorn, Robert 5 

♦Alexander, John 6 1 

Ashley, Josiah 4 4 

Arnett, Samuel 2 

Allison, Elijah 6 

Alderman, James 5 

♦Athel, Benjamin 6 

Bush, John G 5 6 

Bush, John V 6 3 

Bush, Wiatt 4 2 

Bush, Ambrose 9 1 

♦Bush, William 10 16 

♦Bush, Francis 6 9 

♦Bush, Joseph 10 

Bush, Mary 6 16 

♦Bush, James 2 2 

♦Bush, John 3 

Bush, Patsey 2 

Bush, William W 12 1 

Bush, Robert V 5 5 



72 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family 

Bush, Jonathan 8 

Burrus, Thomas, Jr 6 

♦Burrus, Thomas, Sr 4 

Brooking., Robert 4 

Bell, Rezin 5 

Bristow, John 5 

Brock, Mashack 4 

Browning, Henry 9 

Browning, James 7 

Browning, Toliver 11 

Burn (or Barn), Beal 5 

Brooksher, Jesse 8 

Buckner, Peter B 6 

Blew, Richard 7 

Boyle, Stephen 3 

Boyle, James 4 

Bartlett, Daniel 3 

Bartlett, Samuel 9 

Bartlett, John 4 

♦Bartlett, William 8 

Bartlett, Daniel 10 

Bartlett, Joshua 10 

Bostic (Bostwick?), James.... 6 

Baker, George 4 

Berry, Edwin 5 

♦Berry, Thomas, Sr 3 

Berry, Thomas, Jr 9 

Berry, Lewis 9 

*Berry, Thomas 11 

Boyle, John 6 

Brown, Maxmillian 3 

Barnerd, Elizabeth 8 

Brassfleld, Wiley 10 

Burgin, Thomas 6 

Boggs, William 11 

Beigle, Solomon 5 

Brice, Thomas 3 

Brooks, Abijah 11 

Baxter, Jesse 11 

Bear, Christopher 7 

Brandenburg, Esther 4 

*Blackwell, John 9 

Berton (Burton?), Eady 4 

*Boone, George 8 

Ben, a free man of color 1 

♦Bullock, David 9 

*Byrne, Thomas 10 

*Black, William 6 

Boulware, Thomas 9 



Slaves 

3 

2 

12 

7 



13 
1 
1 
2 
3 

13 
2 
2 



20 



22 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Bullock, William 4 8 

Brown, John 13 

Bane, Richard 4 

Busnell, Isaac 14 

Brown, William 7 1 

*Booker, William M 9 9 

Blythe, John 6 

♦Bowman, William 3 

Bush, Ambrose, Sr 4 9 

*Bishop, Thomas 6 

♦Bean, John - 11 5 

Bartlett, Charles 6 

*Bishop, Joshua 6 

Brundedge, Peggy 6 

♦Brundedge, Solomon 14 

Brown, John 4 

Bybee, David 3 

Bybee, James 10 

♦Bybee, Neal 7 

Baber, Stanley 8 

Baber, Obediah 6 

Baber, Isham 2 2 

Bishop, George 8 

Browning, Elias 11 

Berry, Thomas 6 3 

Broughton, John W 5 

♦Broughton, William 7 1 

Blecfsoe, Isbel 5 

♦Ballard, Philip 4 

♦Ballard, William 2 

♦Ballard, James 8 

Brooksher, Hughes 6 

Bishop, Benjamin 8 

♦Barkley, William 6 

Button, Thomas 4 1 

Brinigar, Samuel 3 

♦Black, William 4 6 

Burgess, Thomas 5 1 

Bondurant, Caleb 5 

♦Boothe, John 8 

Battershell, John 8 

Battershell, Francis 12 

Bruce, Milly 2 4 

Bruce, Barnet 4 1 

Bruce, Austin 2 2 

Bruce, Austin 10 

♦Baxter, William 6 1 

Bonnifield, Mereen 3 

♦Botts, Seth 1 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



73 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family 

♦Bryant, Jonathan 7 

Ballance, Mary 7 

♦Baker, John 10 

Bowman, Sarah 5 

Bledsoe, Thomas 6 

Boggs, Charles _ 8 

Buckhannon, David 6 

Bonnifield, George 15 

♦Biggers, William 4 

Burrus, Michael 9 

*Butler, Edmund . 8 

Burgess, Jesse .' 6 

Bridges, Agatha 6 

Brothard, James 3 

Bonnifield, Dorothy 3 

Brown, Swanson 3 

Boyle, James, Sr 7 

♦Barnes, Robert 4 

Bean, Benjamin 10 

Birch, George 9 

Boone, Thomas 6 

♦Burbridge, Linchfield 6 

♦Bradley, Edward R 9 

Bristow, Archibald 8 

Bell, Edward 7 

Brinigar, John 7 

Brinigar, Adam 11 

Blackwell, Benjamin 6 

Brandinburg, David 8 

♦Bush, Philip 8 

Brassfield, James E 4 

Beckwith, Wadding 5 

Bell, Zachariah 8 

Birch, George 9 

♦Bean, William * 6 

Bogg3, George C 3 

♦Barnes, Charles 4 

Best, David 3 

♦Best, James 9 

Blythe, Robert 7 

Callaway, Edward 7 

Calmes, Henry 7 

♦Calmes, William 3 

Calmes, Marquis „ 1 

♦Clarke, Micajah f . 8 

Clarke, Boling 8 

♦Clarke, Robert 2 

♦Clarke, Joseph „ 7 

•Clarke, Samuel 5 



Slaves 



9 
12 
7 
1 
5 



15 



19 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family 

♦Clarke, Charles 2 

Clarke, Samuel 5 

Christy, Ambrose 11 

Christy, John 11 

Cullum, Thomas 10 

Cullum, Susanna 1 

Combs, Benjamin, Sr 4 

Combs, Samuel R 9 

♦Combs, Cuthbert, Sr 4 

Combs, Cuthbert, Jr 5 

Combs, Benjamin, Jr 8 

Combs, Joseph 9 

♦Combs, John 5 

Crim, Enoch 4 

Cunningham, Isaac 5 

♦Campbell, Robert 9 

Capps, Caleb 5 

♦Campbell, John 2 

♦Coleman, Daniel 6 

Crosthwait, Mary 4 

Constable, Samuel 9 

Clawson, Richard 3 

♦Cooper, John 8 

Copher, Jesse 9 

Copher, Jacob 10 

Copher, Ezekiel 4 

♦Collins, Elisha 12 

Collins, Dillard 13 

♦Cummins, William 6 

♦Cummins, John 4 

Cummins, Benjamin 8 

Cummins, William 12 

Cummins, Daniel 7 

Chism (Chisholm), Patrick.... 10 

Cloa, a free woman of color.... 5 

Cole, Leroy _ 2 

Conckright, Abraham 8 

Cool, Jacob 8 

Ctose, Henry 8 

Culberson, David 7 

Carey, Edmond 10 

♦Chiles, Henry 11 

♦Crockett, James 5 

Crockett, Robert 12 

Constant, Thomas 9 

r ♦Chaney, John 5 

Crosthwait, Samuel 5 

Cotton, William 9 

♦Chism (Chisholm), Thomas.. 9 



Slaves 



7 
4 
2 
4 
7 
5 
38 
4 
9 
9 
5 

16 
1 
3 

13 
5 

10 



5 
1 
3 

5 
10 



19 



10 

7 



74 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Clay, Charles 5 8 

♦Connor, John 3 

Corbin, Thomas 5 2 

Culberson, Sarah 5 

♦Crutchfield, Nicholas 11 3 

Constant, Jacob 3 

Crosthwait, William 6 

Crosthwait, Isaac 4 7 

*Clemmons, John 2 

♦Cunningham, Robert 13 12 

*Cox, James 9 

♦Chapmen, Edmond 6 4 

♦Campbell, Robert 2 

Cole, Ann 2 3 

Crim, Ambrose 4 

Cooper, Archibald, Sr 6 1 

♦Carey, William 3 

Crump, James 9 5 

Cool, Jacob 8 

Cast, Robert 6 1 

♦Coock, Charles 10 

Cox, Stephen 8 

Clarke, Alice 5 

Gopher, Thomas 4 2 

Culberson, David 6 

*Carpenter, John 6 

♦Connor, William 5 

♦Couchman, Frederick 11 1 

♦Corn (Chorn), Ebenezer 12 14 

Conkright, John 7 

» Cooper, Archibald 2 

Constant, John 6 4 

Carrel, Joseph 4 4 

♦Cooper, Joseph 2 ■. 

♦Campbell, William 5 4 

♦Cox, Isaac 4 

♦Collins, James 5 

Chaney, Richard 8 

Crow, Richard 7 

♦Crow, John 9 

♦Clinkinbeird, William 6 1 

Carter, Daniel 7 

Connoway, Christopher 4 

♦Cleveland, Christopher 4 

♦Cortney, Thomas 8 10 

Duncan, Joshua 12 1 

♦Dunn, John, Sr 6 

Dunn, John, Jr 7 

Dunn, Isham 6 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

♦Donilson, John 14 7 

Dowell, Richard 8 

♦Dawson, William 8 3 

Duvall, John 8 3 

Donniley, John 12 

Donelson, Robert 10 

♦Dawson, John 8 3 

♦Daniel, Beverly 10 9 

Daniel, Beverly 9 1 

Daniel, James M 3 

♦Daniel, James, Sr 5 8 

Daniel, Mary 3 14 

Daniel, James, Jr 5 4 

♦Duncan, Joseph 5 9 

Duncan, Joseph .'- 3 2 

♦Duncan, James 8 4 

Duncan, John W 4 5 

Dooley, John 8 7 

Dooley, Henry 11 

Dooley, Obediah 14 3 

♦Dooley, Stephen 5 6 

Dooley, Ephraim 12 3 

♦Dudley, John ~ 6 7 

Dewitt, Mary 4 

Donily. John 11 

Dawson, Christopher 10 

♦Dewitt, Peter 10 

Dewitt, Martin 6 

Devary, Joseph 7 

Davidson, Samuel 6 

Donnohue, Daniel 4 

♦Dike (Dykes?), Henry 4 

♦Dike (Dykes?), John 11 

Dunniway, Ben 8 

Dowell, Richard 8 

Didlake, Robert 13 23 

Dawson, Spencer 3 

♦Duvall, William „ 8 2 

Dean, Edward 7 

♦Duke, Matthew 9 

Dark, Joseph 6 1 

♦Davis, Septimus 6 1 

♦Davis, Matthew 6 1 

Davis, Jonathan 4 

Davis, James 8 

♦Davis, Thomas 4 

Downing, Jailey(?) 2 2 

Debaird, Ephraim 9 2 

Downey, William 4 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



75 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Dean, George 11 

/• Dawson, Jacob 13 

*Davinport, Abraham 4 

Dean, Jeremiah 9 

Dodson, Mager _ 9 

>--*Evans, Peter 10 9 

Evans, Mabra 10 

Evans, James, Jr 5 

♦Evans, James, Sr 11 

Evans, James J 5 

Evans, Archer 9 5 

Empson, John 5 

Eubank, James 8 29 

Eubank, Achilles 5 29 

*Eubank, Ambrose 4 5 

Elledge, Benjamin 4 

Elledge, Francis 8 

Elledge, Boone 4 

i^-Eads, Drury 5 

Eads, Walter 5 

Eads, Howell 5 

Eikin, Robert 5 3 

*Elkin, James 12 

Elkin, Zachariah 13 

Elkin, Ezekiel 5 3 

Eadon, Jonathan 6 5 

^'♦Edwards, William 11 5 

Ecton, Smallwood 6 7 

♦Embree (Embry?), John 4 8 

Embree (Embry?), Joseph .... 5 10 

Embree (Embry?), Thomas.. 10 3 

Embree (Embry?), Caleb 6 1 

Emerson, Simpson 6 1 

Emerson, Tilley 11 11 

Ecton, Brusilla 3 1 

♦Epison (Epperson?), John, 

Sr 6 

Ellsberry, Liddy 5 

Ellsberry, Benjamin 7 4 

Eadon, Zachariah 3 

•Ems (Elms), John 10 

Empson, Richard 6 1 

♦Edmonson, James 3 

Elliott, Mary 5 1 

♦Ferrell, John 10 1 

*Fishback, Jacob 5 18 

Foreman, James 7 9 

•Fletcher, John 8 

Field, Zachariah 6 4 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Flynn, William 8 

Flyhn, Armstrong 3 

Flynn, John 6 2 

Flynn, Mary 4 

Flynn, Michael 3 

Fraim, William 10 

Foddery, Joseph 2 

• Ferrell, Peter 4 

Ferrell, James 4 

♦Ferrell, Thomas 5 

♦Foster, William 9 

♦Frazier, William 9 

Frier, David 7 1 

♦Fisher, John 9 1 

♦Foster, William 9 2 

♦Foster, John 3 2 

Frank, a free man of color.... 4 

Freeman, William 4 

Forbis (Forbes?), Joseph .... 8 3 

Flynn, David 6 

♦Fox, William 6 

Fortune, Vincent 8 1 

♦Forman, William 6 

♦Franklin, Reuben 9 9 

♦Farmer, John 3 

♦Fox, Benjamin 9 

♦Flooty, John 5 

FluEee, Cuff, a free man of 

color 8 

• Fisher, Alexander 4 8 

♦Fry, George 8 

Fesler, George 6 

Farney, Hudson 2 

♦Fowler, John 15 

Foulger, John 4 

Forsithe, George 3 

Figgins, Zachariah 6 5 

Fritts, Michael 5 

♦Gordon, John 6 8 

Gordon, John 5 

♦Gordon, William 8 4 

Gordon, Judith 1 9 

Gordon, Benjamin 4 2 

I Griggs, Minus 9 

♦Griggs, John 9 

Griggs, Clem 6 

♦Griggs, William 8 

Griggs, Samuel 4 

♦Greening, James 11 



76 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Greening, Robert 13 

Greening, Reuben 9 

*Grimes, John 7 

Guin, Thomas 4 

Gatewood, James 6 7 

Gilpin, Joesph 7 

Gallaspie, Martin 6 

George, Nicholas 2 4 

George, Whitson 12 1 

*George, John 8 6 

Gaitskill, Henry 9 10 

Goodloe, George 12 

*Gardner, Thomas 10 

*Gravitt, John 8 

Grigsby, Lewis 10 10 

*Goode, William 8 4 

Garner, Jonathan 3 

Garner, Churchill 4 1 

Grooms, Sally 5 

*Grooms, Richard 4 

Gardner, Thomas 10 

Gallop, Enoch 7 

*Gay, James 9 18 

Gist, James 4 3 

*Green, Thomas 2 

Gipson, James 5 5 

Gass, James 11 

♦Gardner, John 7 

*Gaines, John 6 

Giddings, George 7 3 

Goff, Thomas 9 2 

Goins, James 6 

Goolman, Charles 5 

Goolman, Isaac 5 

Goolman, Jacob 5 

Goolman, Abraham 3 

*Gibbs, John 4 3 

Gosney, Richard 6 1 

Glover, John A 9 

Gasper, Peter 6 1 

Gasper, Ester 6 

Gasper, Elizabeth 6 

Goberne, William 5 

Gist, David 2 6 

*Graves, Thomas 3 1 

Gatson, William 9 

*Grooms, Robert 13 

Garnett, James 10 6 

Garrett, Lewis 3 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Grimes, Jonathan 6 

Green, James 4 

Hammer, John 11 

Hill Elizabeth 2 4 

Haggard, John 5 

*Haggard, James 5 

Haggard, Dabney 3 

Haggard, David 9 1 

Haggard, Elizabeth 1 1 

Haggard, Pleasant 6 4 

Haggard, Nathaniel 7 1 

Haggard, John 7 16 

Haggard, Bartlett 8 2 

Haggard, Martin 5 2 

Hodge, Nathan 9 

*Hagans, David 8 3 

*Holloday, Stephen 9 13 

Hughes, Armstead 8 

*Hall, Peter 9 2 

Hayes, Charity 6 6 

'"Hayes, John 4 

Haggard, Nathaniel 8 1 

*Hicks, Daniel 3 4 

*Halfpenny, John 5 1 

Hite, Henry 10 

Haney, Richard 8 1 

Hutcherson, Robert 8 7 

Hines, Thomas 13 14 

Hazen, Alexander 3 2 

Hunt, Enoch 5 5 

Hicks, Francis 7 

Hampton, Jesse 5 5 

*Hall, William 10 4 

*Halley, John 10 

*Holladay, John 7 10 

Hart, Josiah 8 

Hucal (Hukill?), Richard .... 7 

Hampton, George 4 1 

Holley, William 3 

*Harris, John 9 9 

Hardy, Andrew .. r 7 2 

Hooton, William 7 

*Haydon, William 3 

♦Harrison, Andrew 10 

*Haney, William 5 6 

Haney, Richard 9 1 

*Hampton, David, Sr 12 12 

Hall, Maze 3 

Hume, John 8 8 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



77 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Hampton, David, Jr 10 4 

Holladay, George 2 

Hood, Lukkus(?) ....- 6 2 

Harler, Archibald 9 

Hieronymus, Benjamin 5 4 

Hampton, Jonathan 8 

Hucal (Hukill?), Elizabeth.... 3 

j- Howard, Philip _ 7 

► *Hall, Edward 9 

Houke, Adam 4 

■■ Hedrake, Rachel 1 2 

Hedger, Stephen 10 

Harrison, Daniel 7 11 

*Hornback, James 10 

♦Hardin, Charles 9 

*Harvey, Charles 10 

♦Haggarty, John 4 

Haggarty, Robert 2 

Hopkins, Robert 12 

► Harris, Webber 7 

♦Henderson, John 3 

Hardin, Patsy 1 

*Holladay, James 3 

♦Hope, George 5 

Hardisty, Thomas 6 

Hardman, Jacob 10 

Hulse, Nathan _ 4 

Hulse, Paul, Sr 5 

-Hall, Stephen 7 1 

♦Herrenden (Herndon?) John 6 

Hardy, Mary 3 

♦Holley, Richard 2 23 

^Hughes, Joshua 5 

Harrison, Hiram 5 1 

Hines, Thomas 4 

Holley, Henry 4 1 

- *Hamilton, James 10 

♦Hayden, Jeremiah 5 3 

<■ ♦Harris, Joshua 3 

♦Higgins, John 10 

rHill, Garland 9 

Haney, Abner 8 

t- Huffman, Ann 5 

Hood, Lewis 5 

• *Hill, John 6 11 

*Hisle, Samuel 2 7 

Hasleridge, Lucy 2 2 

Hockaday, Isaac 7 12 

Hockaday, Edward 7 17 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Hampton, Charles 6 5 

Halyard, John 5 12 

* Hamilton, Leroy 10 

♦Herndon, William 8 9 

♦Hanks, Abraham 7 13 

Haslerigg, William 8 

Halcell, Rezin 6 

House, John 9 

Henry, Evan 8 

♦Henry, John 6 

Hornback, Solomon 8 

Hulse, Paul, Jr 5 

Hulse, John 9 1 

Halsell, William 9 

♦Hickman, Joel 11 7 

♦Holden, John 5 13 

♦Hickman, Richard ...'. 8 14 

Haydon, Samuel 6 12 

Hieronymus, Francis 7 1 

Hieronymus, Henry 15 1 

' Harris, Elijah 4 

i Hill, Leonard 6 13 

Henry, a free man of color.... 3 

Jacobs, Isaac 3 7 

♦Jacobs, John 2 

Jacobs, Harrison 7 

Jentry (Gentry?), Moses 4 1 

**Jackson, Josiah 2 

♦Jackson, James 9 

Jackson, Francis F 8 3 

♦Judy, John J 11 

Judy, Martin 7 2 

Judy, David 7 1 

Judy, Winepark(?) 5 1 

* Jones, Marthy 8 

Jones, Jiles 9 

♦Jones, Matthew 9 

Jones, Rebecca 4 

♦Jones, Thomas 5 3 

► ♦Johnson, Philip 10 

♦Johnson, James 2 

♦Johnston, James 11 

♦Johnson, Martin 3 1 

♦Johnson, William 7 1 

Johnson, John 5 6 

Johnson, Diana 6 

Jones, Polly 5 8 

Jordan, Sharshall 9 3 

♦Jennings, James 6 1 



78 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family 

Jennings, Israel 2 

Jennings, James 5 

Juell (Jewell), Peter 7 

*Kincaid, John 8 

*Kincaid, Robert 3 

*Keas, Isaac 12 

Keas, James 6 

Kelly, Joseph 12 

Kelly, Mordecai 2 

*Kelly, Samuel 3 

*Knox, Thomas 6 

*Key, Price 9 

Knapp, Henry 12 

Kindred, Edward 6 

*Kiggins, John 11 

*King, John 2 

*King, William 4 

King, David 9 

*Landrum, Thomas 8 

Lott, Abner 7 

Lott, Richard 2 

Lane, Joel 8 

Lane, William J 6 

*Lane, William, Sr 6 

*Lane, John 5 

Lane, Benjamin 2 

Lochnane, John 8 

Lander, William 11 

Lander, Henry 9 

Lander, Jacob 9 

Lackland, Aaron 7 

Lusk, John 2 

Lafferty, Thomas 4 

Laforce, Robinson 6 

Lewis, Asa K 1 

*Lewis, Steven 8 

*Lewis, William 5 

Liggett, John 8 

Lowness (Lowndes?), Henry 8 

*Lassiter, Dempsey 3 

Lindsay, Christopher 4 

Lafourse, Jane 8 

Lawrence, Henry, Jr 4 

Lawrence, Blackwell 2 

*Lawrence, Henry, Sr 6 

*Lyle (Lisle), John 10 

Lyle (Lisle), Peter 4 

Lackey, Nathan 8 

Lampton, John 8 



No. in 
Slaves Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

2 Lampton, James 3 

Lampton, Joshua 4 

• *Lowe, John 10 

4 Lawrence, Meredith 2 

Lecky, John 4 1 

14 *Linville, Morgan 6 2 

1 > *Lockett, Benjamin 6 

5 Lone (Love?), Margaret 2 

1 Limeback, Daniel 12 

Link, Joseph 10 

♦McMillan, William 10 4 

*McMahan, John 9 

\ *Moore, William 8 8 

4 Moreland, Thomas H 7 

McMahan, William 8 

r McAtee, Hezekiah 8 

i Martin, Austin 11 

*Martin, John 7 25 

*Martin, John 5 2 

Martin, John 3 

*Martin, Robert 5 5 

Martin, Christopher 17 3 

*Martin, Nathan 6 3 

♦Martin, George 8 

*Martin, William 9 

*Martin, William 4 

1 Martin, Sarah 6 

10 *Martin, Henry 11 

Martin, John 5 

McCord, Joseph 5 

2 McKee, Joshua 4 

♦McDonnal, Francis 2 7 

2 McDonnal, Hugh 12 

*McDonnal, James 13 5- 

7 Miles, Morris 3 

McFarrin, Thomas 7 2 

Mize, James 3 

McCart, William 9 4 

• *Miller, William 9 4 

. *Mitchell, James 5 

McCargo, Radford 5 

1 *Morton, Samuel 2 2 

1 *March, Jacob 10 4 

McConnell, Archibald 5 

7 Miles, Samuel 7 

*Medcalf, John 8 

Mathis, John 5 

1 Marvin, John 5 

I Myers, Elias 2 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



79 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slavi 

' *McKinney, Robert 12 2 

♦McKee, John 4 

Mathis, Nathaniel 11 

Mclver, Daniel 11 

McCall, John 9 12 

♦Megee, David 5 8 

♦Morton, John 9 4 

r ♦Miller, George 7 

♦Miller, Joseph 9 

Miekleberry, James 3 2 

♦McGuire, William 4 7 

McCrory, Samuel 11 7 

♦Melton, Thomas 10 

♦Montgomery, James 6 

McClellan, James 7 

♦McMahan, Joseph 4 

rMiller, Aaron _ 6 

•■Morgan, Mordecai 7 

♦Miller, Abraham 15 1 

t Moore, Elizabeth 6 

♦Myers, William 3 

McCort, Henry 2 

♦Maxwell, John 5 

♦Morton, Richard 3 11 

♦Morrow, James 3 5 

w ♦Mosby, Benjamin 7 2 

♦Morrow, John 6 

♦Morrow, Thomas 3 2 

■ ♦Morgan, William 6 

♦Morgan, John 2 1 

Mattis, Glover 8 

♦Muir, Robert 11 1 

'"♦Morris, William 5 

McCarty, James 10 

McClewaine (Mcllvaine?), 
Wm 7 1 

'Moore, Anthony 4 

McKeenan, James 3 2 

Mo3eley, Peren 5 1 

Murphy, Zachariah 6 

McMillen, Robert 13 2 

Mullen, Jesse 12 2 

McMahan, Thomas 4 1 

Mathis, John 6 

Marsh, William, Sr 9 

''Moore, Obadiah 11 

♦Muir, James 8 

f ♦Morris, William, Jr 5 

McCann, Pleasant 9 2 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Moore, Philip 12 

McDonnal, James 4 

♦McCloud, John 5 

♦Morrison, Thomas 8 1 

♦Morrow, Thomas 7 

McCarty, Joseph 3 

Marsh, William 4 

I ♦Miller, James 7 1 

Morton, Archibald 10 

♦McClure, Alexander 5 

McWilliams, John 11 1 

t *Morris, James 3 1 

i Myers, Jonathan 5 

Moore, Catherine 6 

Moxley, Thomas 6 9 

McEntire, Francis 6 

McClennahan, James 11 

♦Morris, Samuel 8 3 

McClellan, William 4 

McCegg, Robert 7 

. May, Gideon 7 

Morton, Jehu 4 1 

♦Miller, Michael 10 

McKee, Joshua 5 5 

♦Mitchell, John 4 1 

♦Norris, Moses 6 3 

f 

Nicholas, Joshua 9 12 

Niblick, William 6 

Newman, Elijah 8 

♦Niblick, John 9 

Niblick, Hugh 4 1 

^Noble, John 3 

Noble, Daniel 8 1 

♦Noble, James 3 

♦Norris, William 8 3 

Nisbit, William 2 

Neil, Nancy 7 7 

Noe, Landon 4 

Neale, Christopher, Jr 3 9 

♦Newland, John 6 3 

♦Owsley, John 13 

Owsley, Nancy 3 1 

. *Owens, John 4 2 

♦Owens, Ignatius 2 

♦Owens, William 10 

Owens, John 3 

♦Owens, Samuel 5 

♦Owens, John 10 

Owens, Larance 10 



80 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

*Owens, Thomas 7 

Orear, Benjamin 9 1 

*Orear, Daniel 7 2 

Orear, James C 5 7 

Orear, Robert 6 3 

Ozborne, William 8 

*Ozborne, George 5 

Oren, Samuel 8 

Old, John 11 9 

♦Oliver, Richard P 6 

♦Oliver, William 7 

Oliver, Isaac 11 

Overton, Patsy 5 

Ogden, Aquilla 8 

Oram, Samuel 7 

Oats, Samuel, free man of 

color 1 

*Price, John 8 11 

Petty, Ramsdail 12 4 

Pendleton, Rice 14 1 

Phafres(?), John 7 

Pemberton, Lewis 5 4 

♦Palmer, Joseph 13 

♦Philips, Charles 7 

Palmer, Rolley 5 l 

Philips, Nimrod 7 

Petty, Francis 8 

Plunkett, Caleb J 10 

*Powell, James 2 

Piersall, John 5 i 

Patton, James 7 14 

Poer, William 10 

Petroe, Philip 9 n 

Preston, Walter 8 13 

Parrish, Timothy 8 17 

Peticord, William 10 4 

♦Pemberton, John 11 5 

Parker, Jacob 4 

. Petty, Thomas 5 1 

Pendleton, Curtis 9 7 

Parrish, Meredith 7 

*Page, William 2 

*Palmer, William 4 1 

Pigg, Anderson 9 3 

, *Powell, James 2 

Pace, Joseph 7 

Pitcher, Reuben 7 

Parker, Sarah 7 

Patrick, Sarah 6 5 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Philbert, Wharton 11 

Patrick, John 2 

Peoples (Peebles?), Rachel.... 13 7 

*Page, John 6 

♦Patton, George 6 

Prewitt, Susanna 3 

Parker, Sarah 10 2 

Pearsall, Samuel 6 

Pangborn, Hampton 5 

Potter, Standford 5 3 

Parris, James 5 

Phelps, Thomas 7 

*Pace, John 2 

Pace, Joseph 3 2 

Pace, Murray 8 

Pebworth, Robert 6 

Parrado (Parido?), John 3 

*Quisenberry, James 12 10 

Quinsenberry, Joel 5 4 

Quisenberry, James H 4 

*Ramey, John 5 

*Ritchie, John 7 

Ridgeway, John 3 2 

Rutledge, John 8 

*Rountree, John 7 6 

Ridgeway, Rezin 2 2 

Ryon, Leonard 4 

Rash, Stephen 7 1 

Rash, William 6 1 

Rash, John 6 

Rash, William, Sr 6 6 

♦Rogers, John 9 

♦Reed, John 6 4 

♦Riley, John 11 

Rees, John 5 

*Riley, William 13 7 

Ritchie, Alexander, Sr 5 

♦Rutledge, Joseph 6 

Ragland, Robards 3 

*Ragland, Edmond 10 8 

*Ragland, David 3 1 

Ragland, Nathaniel 9 5 

♦Ragland, James, Sr 3 8 

Ragland, James, Sr. 6 6 

Routt, Daniel 7 3 

Reed, James 4 2 

Ray, Charles 5 

*Ramsey, Alexander 6 5 

*Ramsey, John 8 3 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



81 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

♦Ramsey, William 7 1 

Ridgway, Ninian 4 

♦Redmon, William 8 8 

♦Rollins, Thomas 5 3 

♦Rollins, John 10 14 

Ryon, Philip H 6 1 

Ryon, John B 4 6 

Raker, Michael 6 

Ricketts, Reuben _ 12 

♦Rice, John '- 8 

♦Robinson, John '.:.-. 5 

Rayns, Thomas 3 

Reed, Elizabeth 1 5 

Rupard, John 11 

Rutledge, Jacob ....T.. 5 

Robards, Edward 7 

Ridgeway, Zachariah 4 

♦Richardson, William 3 

♦Ritchie, Samuel 4 

Ramey, Aaron 7 

♦Richards, William 3 1 

Richards, Robert 8 1 

♦Rogers, Thomas ..'. 8 

Richardson, Mary • 8 3 

Romine, Andrew 9 

Reed, Samuel, .'." 5 7 

♦Robinson, William 10 4 

♦Ramey, John 4 1 

Rankins, John 7 7 

Rulon, James 10 

♦Rice, Isaac ....'. 6 

♦Robards, George 3 

Richardson, Elizabeth 6 

Richardson, Bradley ' 2 

♦Robinson, William • 5 

Rutledge, Joseph ...■: 5 

♦R.obinson, Thomas 8 5 

♦Routt, George 3 4 

Railsback, Daniel 11 

Reese, Franky ...*. 2 

Ryon, Winny 4 

Reese, Samuel ..*. 5 

Richards, Robert 4 7 

Rogers, Burgess 12 

Ramey, James 4 

Rockwell, Henry 7 

Risk, William 11 

Renicks, George 8 2 

Ramey, Rachel 8 3 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

*Ray, Richard 3 

♦Rouse, John 2 

Spaw (Sphar?), Daniel 11 1 

Simpson, Francis .':. 9 9 

♦Smith, John .: 8 

Scobee, John 7 

Sutherland, John 15 

♦Stewart, Charles .'' 8 2 

Strode, John ....: 15 2 

Sutherland, Frederick 9 

♦School, Abraham 9 

Shrite, John 9 

Sutherland, Thomas 1 10 

Scott, Belitha .1'. 7 

♦Stewart, James ..'. 7 14 

Stephens, James, Sr. 10 8 

♦Smith, Henry ..-. 4 1 

Stephens, James 5 7 

♦Stone, Thomas ....'. 14 1 

♦Scott, David .".'.. 10 

♦Stevens, George ..:. 9 6 

♦Stevenson, John 8 

Stamper, Joseph 7 

♦Sudduth, William 12 6 

♦Sanders, Thomas 4 1 

Sutherland, Walter E 7 

Salmons, Joel 10 1 

♦Snowdon, Charles 5 

♦Snowdon, David 10 

Sharp, Charles 6 

Shelton, William 3 1 

Scholl, William 4 

♦Scholl, Joseph 6 6 

♦Smith, Thomas .'. 10 

Sutherland, David 8 6 

Skeets, Josiah 7 

Shipton, Peter 3 

Sherwood, Moses 5 

Short, Pleasant 5 2 

Smith, John 12 

Samuells, Josiah 3 

♦Skinner, John J 8 3 

Skinner, Cornelius .: 10 7 

Striplin, Nancy 8 

Sphar, James 9 1 

Sapington, Sylvester 11 

Scholl, Peter 13 7 

♦Steel, Archibald 6 

Sudduth, James 4 3 



82 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

♦Schooler, William 6 2 

Strode, Stephen .'. 8 

Stipp, Frederick 7 

*Steele, David 2 

Shipp, Joseph 10 

♦Stribling, William 5 

Schooler, Henry 5 

Strowbridge (Trowbridge), ; 

Jonathan 8 

Scobee, Daniel 3 

Starr, Adam 7 

Shipp, Elijah 9 

♦Stewart, William : 5 

Stadley, William 2 

Shropshire, John 3 

Shropshire, Mary 4 15 

Spiker, John 5 1 

Stipp, Michael .'. 9 1 

Strode, Mary ...-. 2 6 

Salmons, Nathan 7 

♦Sidebotham, John 15 

Sanders, Christopher : 4 

♦Self, John 5 

Sayers, John 9 

Sullivan, Mary 4 

Standley, Jonathan 5 

Somes, James 4 

Skillman, John .:. 7 

Sudduth, Ann 4 1 

Spoon, Jacob 4 

♦Scott, James 3 1 

*Scott, Charles 5 15 

Scott, James 6 1 

Sidener, Martin 3 

Snider, Adam 6 

Scobee, John, Sr 4 

Scobee, Stephen 7 2 

Scobee, Robert 9 

Smith, Martin 2 

Stivers, Edward 10 

♦Stevenson, Charles 5 

Stribling, William 5 

Stewart, James 6 14 

Stevenson, James M 4 1 

♦Stevenson, Samuel 9 

Taylor, Samuel M 4 9 

Taylor, Hubbard 8 35 

♦Taylor, George 6 7 

Taylor, George G 9 14 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

♦Taylor, William 5 

Trowbridge, Isaac 6 

♦Thompson, John 8 

♦Thompson, Joseph 6 2 

Thompson, John 5 5 

Thompson, John 3 

Thompson, Marthy 6 4 

♦Thompson, David 10 3 

♦Thompson, James 8 1 

♦Terrell, Henry 5 2 

Trowbridge, Ebenezer 3 

Thomas, Martha 10 6 

Tabler, Peter 11 

Tucker, Benjamin 6 1 

Tucker, Archibald 4 

Tucker, Nathan 6 

♦Tuggle, William 12 1 

♦Turner, Samuel 11 

♦Taylor, Edward 2 4 

♦Thornton, William 6 1 

Treadaway, Moses 9 

Thornton, William 9 

♦Talbot, Paul 6 1 

Talbot, Samuel 7 1 

♦Tinsley, Ransom 12 6 

♦Tate, William 10 

♦Thurman, William 6 

Taul, Levy 7 4 

Taul, Benjamin J 8 5 

Tribble, Samuel 13 3 

Tounson (Townsend?) 

Garrod 6 

True, Thomas 5 

♦Trimble, William 1 1 

Talbot, Rodham 5 1 

Trailer, Agnes 4 

♦Tracy, Charles 11 1 

Tanner, Richard M 2 

Tanner, Sarah 3 3 

Trowbridge, David 13 

Tanner, Branch 2 1 

Tirey (Tyree?), Joseph 8 

♦Thomas, James 6 2 

Tapp, Isaac 6 

Vivion, Thomas 7 3 

Vivion, Milton 10 3 

Vivion, Randall 9 

Vivion, John 12 2 

Vivion, Harvey 5 9 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



83 



No. in 
Heads of Families. Family Slaves 

Vivion, Smith 10 1 

Viyion, Flavel 5 5 

Vallandingham, Richard 3 

Vert, Jacob .'. 14 

Vise, Nathaniel 5 

Vaughn, Elijah 9 5 

Vaughn, Elijah 6 

*Vaughn, Thomas 6 

Vaughn, Jesse 6 

Webb, Aden 7 

Watkins, Shastan C. J 6 6 

Watts, Julius 11 7 

♦Wills, William 9 2 

Wills, Richard _ 7 2 

Wills, Frederick 4 

Wills, Washington 7 

Wills, Thornton 5 1 

Wills, Isaac 3 1 

Wharton, Richard ! 10 

*Wilcockson, Daniel 2 

Wilcockson, Jesse 8 1 

♦Wilcockson, John 7 

Wilkerson, John 9 11 

*Wilkerson, Joseph 11 

Wilkerson, William 10 2 

*Wilson, Jeremiah 7 

*Wilson, James *. 8 

♦Wilson, John _ 7 

Wilson, John 8 

Wilson, William 5 1 

Wilson, Jeremiah 6 

Wilson, James 6 1 

♦Wilson, Samuel 5 

Wilson, Moses 9 

Wilson, Jacob 8 

Wilson, John _ 6 

Wilson, Jarrod 7 1 

♦Wilson, George 2 1 

♦Wilson, Edward 4 1 

Whitsitt, William 8 4 

♦Warren, John 8 

Wardlow, Andrew 5 

Weldin, Abraham 10 9 

♦Wood, Daniel ":. 6 1 

♦Webster, William x— 9 

♦Walker, Robert ..fe 9 

Whitham, James 4 

♦Wells, John ...r. _ 4 1 

♦Wells, James . 3 1 



No. in 
Heads of Families Family Slaves 

Welton, Michael 10 

Woods, Alexander .'.'. 8 3 

Watson, Joseph 2 1 

*Winn, James 9 

*Winn, Thomas 10 

Winn, Daniel 5 

Winn, Stephen 5 9 

♦White, William ! 8 

Woodall, Benjamin 7 1 



Ware, Caleb 6 2 

Wadkins, Joel M 3 1 

Wood, Washington 6 

Wright, William ..':: 8 

♦Wright, William 3 

♦Wright, William 7 

Wright, Meredith 8 2 

*Wright, John 3 

♦Wright, Thomas 7 

Wright, Thomas W 2 

Wright, Thomas 11 17 

Wright, Betsey 1 4 

♦Woosley, Thomas 5 

♦Witt, John 4 

Watts, John T. .*. 4 

Wire, David 8 

♦Wood, William 10 

♦Williams, William 7 

Williams, Susanna 3 

Williams, Sally 3 

Whitehurst, Peter 8 

Whitsitt, William 8 

Watters, Bailey 10 

Woods, Jeremiah 12 

Whitsitt, Samuel 6 

Warnold (Wornall?), Samuel 7 

Walker, Joshua .: 9 

♦Walker, James '. 5 

Wells, Mary ...: 4 2 

Watts, Fielding *. 3 5 

♦Wade, John 3 

♦Welch, Samuel ' 9 

♦Williams, John 8 

Woodward, Julius 5 

♦Wood, James 11 

Welman, Samuel 11 

Widows, Peter 7 

♦Williams, George 11 

Wier, John 2 

"Watts, John .V: 11 



84 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



No. in 
Heads of Families Family Slaves 

•Ware, Thomas 6 

Whittington, Benjamin 7 

•Walker, Jacob 9 

Wyatt, John 5 

Wood, Robert ..' 7 1 

•West, William 7 

•Wade, Thomas 3 

Whitesides, John 7 3 

•White, Francis .'..: 6 

•Young, William .1 10 1 

•Young, James 9 

•Young, Robert 4 

•Young, James 8 

•Young, John 7 5 

•Young, Original 2 10 

Young, Edward 7 5 

The Town of Winchester. 

•Bcswell, John 4 4 

•Buckhannon, John 4 1 

•Bean, John ...... 1 1 

Bruner, John 5 5 

Clarke, James '.. 3 5 

Clampet, Henry 2 

Cole, Jesse .... .. 4 

Dodge, David ....: 11 24 

Dennica, James 4 1 

Doxon, George 6 

Elkins, Reuben 3 2 

Flanagan, Peter 11 5 

•Foudree, Vachel 8 

Gist, Mordecai 11 7 

Garner, Jesse W 6 6 

Hanson, Samuel 2 1 

•Hampton, John : 7 4 

Hutchings, Jesse 4 2 

•Irvine, John 7 11 

Jamison, William 3 

Joiner, Rebecca 1 4 

Jones, Samuel ".'. 5 

•Kennedy, William 5 3 

•Lane, William N. Xt. 8 10 



No. in 

Heads of Families Family Slaves 

Martin, John 8 4 

•Matthews, Peter 6 

Mathers, Thomas J . 9 1 

•Miles, John 9 2 

Mills, Anson 4 1 

Miller, William .'. 4 3 

Ostin (Austin?), George .-. 9 3 

Pickett, Thomas 8 18 

•Poston, William 11 5 

Poston, Samuel 6 4 

Poole, Anthony, 10 2 

Preston, John 3 4 

Richardson, Philip : 6 5 

Sympson, James 7 12 

Sluss, Adam 8 1 

Smith, Ann 2 1 

•Spillman, James 5 3 

Shepard, Thomas W 6 

Taylor, Thurston :.' 7 7 

Vaughn, William 7 

•Webb, George 7 17 

Webb, William 6 26 

Wilson, John .:: 13 14 

Ward, John 14 10 

Total Population of the County. 

Whites, males 4,404 

Whites, females 4,158 

Free colored 23 

Slaves 2,934 

Total 11,519 

Clarke County, Set.: 

The number of persons within my division, 
consisting of 11,519, appears in a schedule 
hereto annexed. Subscribed by me this 
19th day of December, 1810. 

DANIEL B. PRICE, 

Assistant to Col. Joseph Crockett, 

Marshall of Kentucky. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



MISS SALLY JACKSON 

Miss Sally Jackson, for many years 
Librarian of the State Historical Society 
and a member of its Executive Commit- 
tee, died Sept. 10, 1921. Only a brief 
reference to her death appeared in the 
September issue of the Register, as the 
work of printing it was under way at 
the time. 

The writer wishes it were possible to 
state in some definite terms just what her 
long and faithful service as an officer of 
the Historical Society meant to the 
growth and development of the organ- 
ization. Back in the nineties when the 
Society had all but ceased to exist Miss 
Jackson and her friend, Mrs. Jennie C. 
Morton, took up the work with a zeal and 
courage worthy of crusaders. But for 
their timely intervention the Society 
might have actually passed into oblivion. 

Miss Jackson was deeply interested in 
her church and in all questions affecting 
the public welfare, but her love for her 
State and its glorious history so chal- 
lenged her life that she gave the greater 
part of its strength and energy to the 
task of gathering and preserving this 
history. She considered the State His- 
torical Society as the best medium 
through which to work, hence her devo- 
tion to its interests. 

"We publish elsewhere in this issue the 
resolutions of respect for Miss Jackson 
adopted by the Historical Society at its 
annual business meeting on October 3, 
1921, and reproduce below article from 
Frankfort State Journal of September 
11, 1921: 



EXCELLENT WOMAN HIGHLY 

ESTEEMED BY ALL PASSES 

AWAY YESTERDAY 

AFTERNOON. 



Miss Sally Jackson, One of Mainstays of 
Historical Society, is Dead. 



(State Journal, Sept. 11, 1921.) 

Miss Sally Jackson, aged 85 years, 
died at her residence on Shelby street 
•at 12 :45 o 'clock yesterday afternoon 
after an illness of several months. She 
was born in Woodford County, being the 
daughter of Richard G. and Maria 
Lafon Jackson. She is survived by one 
nephew, Mr. Orlando B. Crittenden, of 
Greenville, Miss., and two nieces, Mrs. 
Mary C. Haycraft, of this city, and Mrs. 
Eli Huston Brown, Jr., of Louisville, 
and many great nephews and nieces. 
General James S. Jackson of the Federal 
Army, killed at the battle of Perryville, 
and Admiral Upshaw, of the U. S. Navy, 
were kinsmen. 

Miss Jackson was prominent in re- 
ligious, social and literary circles of the 
Capitol for many years. She was a con- 
sistent member of the First Presbyter- 
ian Church. 

Following the tragic death of Gov- 
ernor William Goebel, Miss Jackson was 
made a member of the Memorial Com- 
mission which raised the funds for the 
handsome monument which marks his 
grave in the Frankfort cemetery. 

Miss Jackson will be long remembered 
for her great contribution to her genera- 
tion through her long and valuable serv- 
ice to the Kentucky State Historical So- 
ciety. About a quarter of a century ago 
when the society had well nigh ceased 



gg Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 

to exist she and her life long friend and Proxies sent with power to act — 

companion, the late Mrs. Jennie C. Mor- To Mr. McChesney _ 19 

ton, dedicated their lives to its reorgan- To Mrs _ H ^ son 1 

ization and success. It is but stating the To ]y[ rs George Baker _ „ 2 

facts of history to say that this organiza- To Mr> jj a ii ey _ _ _ i 

tion owes more to the work of Miss Jack- To j^ rs> Cannon _.....55 

son and Mrs. Morton than to all other 

influences combined. Total number proxies _ 78 

For many years before the State came Present in person _ ...13 

to the society's aid, without a penny of 

compensation and often expending their Total vote _ . 91 

own private funds for the society's ben- 
efit, they kept the organization alive and The minutes of the meeting of October 
growing until it commanded the recogni- 2 > 1920 > were read and approved, 
tion and support it had come to deserve. The Secretary-Treasurer gave the re- 
For many years Miss Jackson had been port for the year ending June 30, 1921, 
Librarian of the Society and a member which has already been published in the 
of its Executive Committee. Due to fail- September [Register, 1921. 
ing health she resigned her position as The Secretary-Treasurer also made a 
Librarian some months since but re- financial report. This is incorporated 
mained a member of the Executive Com- in the biennial report which has been 
mittee until her death. prepared for the legislature, and will be 

filed with these minutes. 
For the information of some of the 

MINUTES OF THE n6W members P resent , the character of 

ANNUAL MEETING theorganization as a corporation was ex- 

plained by Mr. McChesney. 

Kentucky State Historical Society, Discussion of membership in the Ex. 

October 3 1921 ecutive Committee was had, and on mo- 

1 ' tion of Mr. R. C. Ballard Thruston, it 

The annual meeting of the Kentucky was decided to increase the number on 

State Historical Society was called to that committee from nine to eleven mem- 
order at 2 p. m., in the office of the So- 

ciety, with Vice President H. V. Mc- On motion of Miss Rebecca Averill, 

Chesney in the chair ; thirteen members the following old members of the Execu- 

were present in person, and 78 by proxy, tive Committee were re-elected : 

On motion of Mrs. Cannon, Mrs. Mr. H. V. McChesney, Mr. R. C. Bal- 

Walter Matthews and Miss Anna Belle lard Thruston, Major Edgar Erskine 

Fogg were named to count the proxy Hume, Mrs. J. P. Hobson, Mrs. Lister 

votes which had been sent in, and the Witherspoon, Mrs. George Baker, Mrs. 

result showed as follows : W. T. Lafferty, Mrs. John S. Cannon. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



87 



On motion of Mrs. Hobson, Mr. J. 
Swigert Taylor was elected to fill the 
vacancy on the committee caused by the 
death of Miss Sally Jackson. 

On motion of Mr. Thruston, the names 
of Mr. Lucien Beckner, of Winchester, 
and Mrs. W. H. Whitley, of Paris, were 
added to complete the committee. 

On motion of Mr. Taylor, the follow- 
ing resolution was adopted: 

Eesolved, that authority be and is 
hereby conferred on the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Society to elect a Librar- 
ian, Secretary-Treasurer, Assistant Li- 
brarian, Editor of the Eegister and Busi- 
ness Manager of the Society, and to fix 
the salaries of such officers and employes. 
Adopted. 

The election of officers was in order, 
and Miss Kebecca Averill took the chair. 

Mr. H. V. McChesney was unanimous- 
ly elected First Vice President ; Mrs. 
Lister Witherspoon was unanimously 
elected Second Vice President. 

Three Honorary Vice Presidents were 
elected as follows: Lieutenant-Governor 
Thruston Ballard, Major Edgar Erskine 
Hume, and Mrs. Annie E. Miles. 

The following resolutions on the death 
of Miss Sally Jackson were offered by 
Mrs. Hobson: 

Whereas, Miss Sally Jackson, one of 
the oldest and most faithful members of 
this Society, a member of the Executive 
Committee and for many years Librar- 
ian, departed this life after a long and 
painful illness, on September 10, 1921. 

Therefore, be it resolved, that in her 
death the Society has lost a friend and 



officer whose untiring service in the re- 
organization of the Society and in the 
years of struggle which immediately fol- 
lowed, and loyal devotion throughout 
the existence of the Society under its 
present charter, have been of inestimable 
value, and that her zeal and efficiency in 
the gathering and preservation of the 
history of the Commonwealth are an in- 
spiration to all who labor in the same 
great cause. 

The Committee on Revision of Con- 
stitution reported, and asked for more 
time, which was granted, and the same 
committee (Mr. McChesney and Major 
Hume), were asked to continue for the, 
coming year. 

Mr. Thruston, Chairman of the- 
Archives Committee, reported that the 
consent of the Governor for the removal 
to the custody of the Historical Society;,, 
of certain archives of the State, now iia 
the basement of the "East Wing," had 
been granted. 

Major Hume proposed that Sir James 
Balfour Paul, C. V. 0., LL. D., Lord 
Lyon King of Arms of Scotland, be 
made an honorary member of the So- 
ciety. Adopted. 

Mrs. Cannon moved that Dr. Willard 
Rouse Jillson, Sc. D., State Geologist, be 
made an honorary member of the Society 
until his period of residence in the State 
makes him eligible for full membership. 
Adopted. 

There being no further business, the 
Society adjourned, and the Executive 
Committee went into session. 



88 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 

Of Kentucky State Historical Society 

for Fiscal Years Ending June 30, 

1920, and June 30, 1921. 



Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1920. 

Receipts. 

From Commonwealth of Ky., ap.pro...$5,000.C0 

From refunds 68. S4 

From membership fees and sub- 
scriptions to Register 216.99 

From donations 50.00 

From copying 4.00 

Total $5,339.33 

Expenditures. 

For salaries, regular $3,451.66 

For salaries, temporary 54.00 

:For water 14.17 

For advertising 3.40 

For printing 1,071.56 

For P. O. box rent and keys 1.90 

For office supplies 14.05 

For cleaning 7.50 

For books and magazines 77.56 

For postage 51.79 

For flowers 25.00 

For donation (later refunded) 10.00 

For expense public meetings 6.15 

For photos 13.95 

For telephone service 86.74 

For manuscripts for Register 362.00 

For freight, expressage, etc 8.53 

For lumber 7.75 

For janitor's supplies 17.25 

For refunds 9.04 

Total $5,294.00 

Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1921. 
Receipts. 
From Commonwealth of Ky., appro...$5,000.00 
From Commonwealth of Kentucky 
through Sinking Fund Commis- 
sion on Lafayette portrait 100.00 

From refunds 2.62 

From membership fees and sub- 
scription to Register 567.25 

From donations .25 



From copying 12.05 

From sale of old paper 5.98 

From sale of old iphotos 5.45 

Total $5,693.60 

Expenditures 

For salaries $3,540.00 

For fuel 14.50 

For printing 1,330.17 

For medical services lor injured 

employe 5.00 

For office supplies 33.47 

For postage 47.22 

For books and magazines 58.04 

For new office furniture 143.47 

For hardware 9.30 

For expense .public meetings 33.00 

For photos 10.95 

For telephone service 55.00 

For manuscripts for Register 75.00 

For insurance 161.20 

For freight, expressage, hauling, 

etc. 73.93 

For lumber 15.86 

For janitor's supplies 8.80 

For refunds 4.25 

For repair of typewriter and mis- 
cellaneous repairs 34.45 

For extra janitor's services 10.25 

Total $5,663.86 



MINUTES OF THE MEETING 

Of the Executive Committee of the Ken- 
tucky State Historical Society, held 
in the Rooms of the Society, 
Immediately Following the 
Meeting of the Society 
on Monday, Oct. 
3, 1921. 



The newly elected Executive Commit- 
tee, for the year ending October 3, 1922, 
was called to order by the chairman of 
the old Executive Committee, H. V. Mc- 
Chesney. The new committee proceeded 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



89 



to organize by electing H. V. McChesney, 
Chairman, for the ensuing year. 

The minutes of the various meetings 
of the Executive Committee during the 
year which had just closed were read 
and approved. 

By virtue of the authority conferred 
on the committee by resolution adopted 
in the meeting of the Society just previ- 
ously held, the Executive Committee 
next proceeded to elect the officers of the 
Society for the year ending October 3, 
1922, and to fix their salaries. 

The following officers were elected and 
their salaries fixed as indicated below: 

Mrs. Jouett T. Cannon, Secretary- 
Treasurer and Associate Editor of the 
Register at an annual salary of $1,200.00, 
payable monthly. 

Mrs. Mary C. Haycraft, Librarian, at 
an annual salary of $900.00, payable 
monthly. 

Mr. W. E. Railey, Assistant Librarian, 
at an annual salary of $900.00, payable 
monthly. 

H. V. McChesney, Editor of the Reg- 
ister and Business Manager of the So- 
ciety at an annual salary of $720.00, 
payable monthly. 

The following were nominated for 
membership in the Society and were 
unanimously elected: Mrs. James A. 
Caperton, Richmond, Ky. ; Miss Helen 
Bennett, Richmond, Ky. ; Mr. J. C. 
Jones, Frankfort, Ky. ; Judge Ernest 
Clarke, Frankfort, Ky. ; Mr. R. G. Hig- 
don, Frankfort, Ky. ; Mrs. Rogers Clay, 
Frankfort, Ky. ; Mr. Orlando Crittenden, 
Greenville, Miss. ; Col. Charles Morrow, 
Frankfort, Ky.; Dr. John G. South, 
Frankfort, Ky; Mrs. John G. South, 
Frankfort, Ky. ; Mrs. James Blackburn, 



Panama Canal; Mr. C. W. Hay, Frank- 
fort, Ky.; Mrs. C. W. Hay, Frankfort, 
Ky.; Mrs. George Ranck, Louisville, 
Ky. ; Mr. J. T. Madison, Frankfort, Ky. ; 
Mr. George L. Payne, Frankfort, Ky. ; 
Mr. Russell McRery, Frankfort, Ky. ; 
Prof. J. K. Robinson, Berea, Ky. ; Miss 
Ida Bowling, Lawreneeburg, Ky. ; Mr. 
Reuben Thornton Taylor, LaGrange, 
Ky. ; Mr. Pierce Butler, Frankfort, Ky. ; 
Mrs. Charles Martin, Lexington, Ky. ; 
Mrs. G. W. Hubley, Louisville, Ky. ; Mrs. 
Mayme Thompson Wood, Harrodsburg, 
Ky. 

There being no further business the 
committee adjourned. 



ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE 
DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERI- 
CAN REVOLUTION. ' 



The twenty-fifth annual Kentucky 
Conference of the National Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, 
was held October 26-27, in the rooms of 
the Kentucky State Historical Society, 
in the Old State House in Frankfort. 

We quote from the State Journal : 

"Harmonious from start to finish, the 
Daughters worked as one throughout the 
entire conference to accomplish the aims 
of the organization along the lines of 
education and patriotism. 

"Having adopted the report of the 
Patriotic Education Committee, recom- 
mending the establishment of the Moun- 
tain D. A. R. Memorial School at Hueys- 
ville, Floyd County, the Conference 
yesterday, on roll call of the Chapters, 
raised $1,674 for the school fund for 
1921. . . . 



90 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



"The Conference also donated $200 
to start a fund for the erection of a 
monument in the D. A. R. lot in the 
Frankfort cemetery. This donation was 
in response to an appeal made by Mrs. 
George Baker, State Vice Regent, when 
the Daughters visited the D. A. R. lot. 
The history of the lot, which was bought 
by the Frankfort Chapter, and later 
turned over to the Daughters of the 
State, was reviewed by Mrs. Baker, who 
urged the erection of a monument to 
perpetuate the memory of the Revolu- 
tionary soldiers buried therein. 

"The election of officers took place at 
the morning session, the nominations 
having taken place Wednesday. They 
are: 

"State Regent, Mrs. William Rodes, 
Lexington; Vice Regent, Mrs. John W. 
Chenault, Louisville ; Recording Secre- 
tary, Mrs. Lucien Beckner, Winchester; 
Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Victor 
Dodge, Lexington ; Treasurer, Mrs. Stan- 
ley Reed, Maysville; Historian, Mrs. E. 
G. Boone, Paducah ; Registrar, Mrs. 
Eugene Ray, Louisville ; Librarian, Miss 
Esther Burch, Stanford; Chaplain, Mrs. 
Jasper Muir, Bardstown." 
Among the social functions which were 
given in honor of the Conference, were 
the very beautiful reception by the Gov- 
ernor and Mrs. Morrow, Wednesday 
afternoon, the buffet luncheon of Mrs. 
Augustus Thomas to the Fincastle Chap- 
ter, the luncheon of Mrs. George Baker 
to the State officers, of the Misses 
Thomas to the Paris visitors, and the 
joint luncheon of the Susannah Hart 
Shelby and Frankfort Chapters to the 
whole Conference. The Frankfort 
Chamber of Commerce entertained the 



visitors with a drive to the cemetery, 
New Capitol and points of interest about 
the city. 

The following is the program of the 
Conference : 

Programme. 

Wednesday, October 26, 9:00 O'clock. 
Conference called to order by State 

Regent _._ Mrs. James M. Arnold 

Invocation Jlev. J. Howard Gibbons 

Music, America...Sung by the Conference 
The American Creed and Salute to 

the Flag ......Mrs. Carolyn A. Leach 

Music _ .Mrs. James Hughes- 
Music Mr. Joseph P. Byers 

Address of Welcome, 

H. V. McChesney 

Response — Mrs. Morris Gifford 

Report of Credentials Committee, 

Miss Elizabeth E. Grimes. 
Roll CalLMrs. William Rodes, Rec. Sec. 
Minutes of Special Called Conference, 

Mrs. William Rodes, Rec. Sec. 
Report of Programme Committee, 

Miss Annie Lee Samuel, Chn. 
Report of State Regent, 

Mrs. James M. Arnold 
Greetings : 

Society of Colonial Dames, 

Mrs. Morris Belknap, Pres. 
U. S. Daughters of 1812, 

Mrs. S. S. Watkins, Pres. 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
Mrs. Jas. L. Stunston, Pres. 
Kentucky Federation of Women's 

Clubs Mrs. H. C. Reynolds, Pres. 

Kentucky Chapter, War Mothers, 

Mrs. W. D. Oldham, Pres. 
Kentucky State Historical Society, 

Mrs. John S. Cannon, Sec 
Appointment of Special Committees. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



91 



Recess at 12 :30 for visit to D. A. R. Lot, 

Frankfort Cemetery, 
Arranged by Chamber of Commerce. 
Address at Cemetery ...Mrs. Geo. D. Baker 

Wednesday Afternoon, 2 :00 'clock 

Music Mr. 'Day 

Music .Mrs. C. E. Collins 

Report of National Vice President 

General Mrs. C. D. Chenault 

Report of State Officers: 

Vice Regent Mrs. Geo. D. Baker 

Recording Secretary...Mrs. Wm. Rodes 

Treasurer Miss Elizabeth E. Grimes 

Corresponding Secretary 

Historian Mrs. John A. Herring 

Librarian Miss Emily Morrow 

Report of State Meeting held in Ken- 
tucky Room, Washington, D. C, 

Mrs. Stanley Reed 
Reports of State Committee. 
Reports of Chapter Regents. 
Recess at 4.30 for Reception to Confer- 
ence by the Governor and Mrs. Mor- 
row at the Mansion. 

Wednesday Evening 8 :00 'clock. 
Nominations for State Officers : 

Patriotic Education 

Music JVIiss Josephine Strassner 

Address : The Kentucky Child — His 
Rights and Our Duties, 

Dr. Jno. W. Carr 
Address : The Location and Mountain 

Needs JVIiss May Stone 

Message of a Traveling Representative 
Through Kentucky Mountains, 

Miss Anna Van Meter 
Report of Chairman on Patriotic Edu- 
cation and Kentucky Mountain 

School. JVIiss Rebecca G. Averill 

Report of Chairman on Articles of In- 
corporation JVIrs. W. H. Whitley 



Thursday Morning 9:00 O'clock. 
Conference Called to Order by State 

Regent..... _ JVIrs. James M. Arnold 

Invocation Rev. J. C. Pelgrim 

Music __ Mrs. Geo. M. Gayle 

Music _ Miss Lucy Chinn 

Reading of Minutes, 

Mrs. William Rodes, Rec. Sec. 
Unfinished Business. 
Election. 
New Business. 
Report of Committee on Revision of 

Constitution and By-Laws, 

Mrs. Charlton Alexander, Ch. 
Recess 12:30. 

Luncheon given to Conference, all 
visiting Delegates and Members of both 
local Chapters, by the Susannah Hart 
Shelby Chapter and the Frankfort 
Chapter. 

Thursday Afternoon, 2:00 O'clock. 

Music _...Mrs. Chas. Irion 

Music _ _.Miss Harriette Meador 

Report of Resolutions Committee. 

Report of Memorial Committee. 

Report of Courtesies Committee. 

Select Place of Meeting for Next Gen- 
eral Conference. 

Annie Lee Samuel, Official Parliament- 
arian. 

Adjournment. 



DONATIONS TO SOCIETY SINCE 
SEPTEMBER ISSUE. 



From Mrs. Eugene Ray, Frankfort 
Chapter, N. S. D. A. R. : 

Portrait of Rev. John Dawson Steele, 
1793-1876, painted by Miss Xantippe 
Saunders ; photograph of Dr. John Gano 



92 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Bryan ; silhouette of Merriwether Lewis ; 
silhouette of Chief Justice John Mar- 
shall; photographs of Mrs. Jane Clem- 
ens and family; autograph photograph 
of Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) ; Har- 
rison Gill, Revolutionary soldier (photo- 
graph) ; William Hancock, Revolution- 
ary soldier (photograph) ; Mrs. Hannah 
Hancock Burns (photograph) ; Old 
Philippi Church," Monroe Co., Ky., 
(photograph) ; copies of Bible records of 
the following families : 

Alexander McDougal, Revolutionary 
soldier; Simon Hancock (includes 
Saunders, Clemens, &c.) ; Anderson 
family (includes Dorsey, Estes and Sad- 
dler) ; Ficklin family ; Miller family ; 
Davidson family; Anthony Crockett, 
Revolutionary soldier; James Dillon 
(includes Crockett family) ; Samuel 
Ray; Jesse Holmes (includes James 
Holmes, Rev. soldier and Robert Tyler, 
Rev. soldier) ; William Hall (includes 
Levi James, of Wales) ; William Maxey 
(includes Bugg, Moody, &c). 

Mrs. T. Henry Coleman, Jane McAfee 
Chapter, N. S., D. A. R., Harrodsburg, 
marriage records of Mercer County, 
178—. 
Mrs. John A. Herring, State His- 
torian, N. S., D. A. R., Georgetown, Ky., 
copy of "Scottish Chiefs," by Jane 
Porter; session book of old Providence 
Presbyterian Church, Scott Co., Ky., 
1829-44. 

Miss Bessie Todd, Isaac Shelby Chap- 
ter, N. S., D. A. R., Shelbyville, Ky., 12 
muster rolls and returns of Capt. 
Thomas Todd's Company, Col. Manlius 
Thompson's Regiment, Mexican War. 

Miss Barbara Thompson, Jetts, Ky., 
old "Blue Back Speller." 



Judge James Blackburn, Frankfort, 
due bill from Gen. James Wilkinson to 
George Blackburn, dated July 22, 1791. 
Discharge of William Blackburn, Fin- 
castle Guards, Nov. 18, 1774. 

Miss Laura Clarke, Georgetown, Ky., 
old hand made lace. 

Miss Jenny McDonald, Frankfort, 
seven bound volumns of Western Argus, 
Frankfort, Ky., 1886-87-88-89-90-93-96- 
1900. 82 unbound numbers Western 
Argus, 1900-01. 

Wm. E. Railey, "The Woodsons and 
Their Connections," by Henry Norton 
Woodson. 

Mrs. Peter C. Stampfli, Columbia, Mo., 
files of "Western Luminary," Lexing- 
ton, Sept. 6, 1826, to April 27, 1827. 

South Dakota Department of History, 
nine volumes South Dakota Historical 
collections. 

Library of Congress, annual report of 
the American Historical Association. 

New York State Library, Anthology 
of Bibliograph of Niagara Falls, by C. 
M. Dow. 

Government Printing Office, annual 
report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 
1913-14. 

Miss Jean Duncan McKee, Covington, 
Ky., "Every Day Poems," by George 
Elliston. 

L. S. Pence, "Life Sketches of Rev. 
Jesse Head, who married the parents 
of Abraham Lincoln," by L. S. Pence, 
Lebanon, Ky. 

Mr. George L. Payne, Frankfort, Ky., 
"History of the Orphan Brigade," by 
Ed. Porter Thompson; report of Adju- 
tant General J. P. Nuckols, 1881. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



93 



Mr. E. C. Ballard Thruston, Louis- 
ville, Ky., 19 original documents relat- 
ing to militia of Kentucky, 1830-36 ; 
photographs of William Whitley 's home, 
Boone's Cave, Floyd's Monument, etc.; 
four back numbers Ky. Hist. Eegister. 

Mr. John W. Milam, Frankfort, Ky., 
six copies "History of the Frankfort 
Cemetery," by L. F. Johnson. 

Mrs. Milton Elliott, Susannah Hart 
Shelby, N. S., D. A. E., Frankfort, Ky., 
Bible records of Littlepage family. 

Mr. W. H. Craig, Cynthiana, Ky., 
four original songs. 

Mrs. Cass South, Forks of Elkhorn, 
Ky., spinning wheel, 125 years old. 

Mrs. J. M. Arnold, State Eegent, N. 
S., D. A. E, Covington, Ky., "The Lost 
Cause," oil painting copied from H. 
Mosler. 

Mrs. George Baker, Frankfort Chap- 
ter, N. S., D. A. E, "Daniel Boone," 
photograph of painting by F. G. Walker. 

Mrs. Mary C. Haycraft, 20 back num- 
bers of Eegister; two copies "Her Dear- 
est Friend," by Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Mrs. Theodore Cravens, State Eegis- 
trar Indiana, Year Book, Caroline Scott 
Harrison Chapter, N. S., D. A. E. 

Miss Lucy Patty, Frankfort, two 
copies "History of Education in Ken- 
tucky," by Barksdale Hamlett. 

Dr. Willard E. Jillson, History of 
Southwest Virginia, 1746-1786, History 
of Washington County (Va.), 1770-1870, 
by L. P. Summers. 

Mrs. Leroy B. Cox, Chicago, 111., 
year's subscription to "Tyler's Quarter- 
ly, Historical and Genealogical Maga- 
zine. ' ' 



Mrs. James W. Caperton, Eichmond, 
Ky. History and Genealogies, by W. H. 
Miller. 

LOANS. 

Mrs. John A. Herring, Georgetown, 
Ky., two bead bags, needle book piece 
"second day" wedding dress, spool and 
flax (spool from England), two sets 
quaint old gloves, one rare camel's hair 
scarf, scrap book, genealogy of Crom- 
well family, genealogy and chart of 
Chenoweth and Caldwell families. 

Susannah Hart Shelby Chapter, D. A. 
E., Frankfort, Ky., picture of Mrs. Mary 
Magoffin Shackelford, late Eegent Ken- 
tucky D. A. E. 

MY KENTUCKY. 

Kentucky — Old home, 
Dear home of childhood days, 
My heart goes back always 

To you 
From far across the earth 
To you that gave me birth — 
Mother — 

I turn with reverence 
For love and confidence. 

Oh! may my life be to your glory 
Nor ever stain your splendid story 
So proud. 

Kentucky — old home 
Forever dear in thought, 

All that my hands have wrought 
Or will; 

All that my brain achieves, 
All that my soul conceives 

Reflects 

The love I feel for you; 
I search my heart anew 
To sing a ipaeon to your fame, 
To eulogise your splendid name, 
My state. 

George Elliston, author "Every Day Poems." 
(Stewart-Kidd) 



94 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



CORRECTIONS OF WOODFORD 

COUNTY NOTES. 
By W. E. Railey. 

Terrell- 
Mention was made of the Terrell 
family, in the September, 1921, issue of 
the Register, and on page 12, column 1, 
last paragraph, I stated that Dr. Wil- 
liam Henry Terrell, Jr., married Mrs. 
Virginia Bonney Cotton, "daughter of 
William Cotton," etc. Miss Bessie Todd, 
of Shelbyville, informs me that she was 
the widow of William Cotton, and 
daughter of Dr. C. D. Bonney^ of 
Shelbyville. 

Scott-Gist — 

It was stated in the September, 1921, 
Register, page 15, column 1, that "Gov- 
ernor Charles Scott married the widow 
Gist, of Lexington, soon after the expira- 
tion of his term as Governor, and that he 
died in 1820, on her farm, ' Canebrake, ' 
in Fayette County." That statement 
was taken from a sketch of Gov. Scott, 
written by Miss Patty Burnley, of 
Frankfort (who was the great-grand- 
daughter of Gov. Scott by his first mar- 
riage to Miss Sweeney), and published 
in the Register, September, 1903. 

Col. Thomas G. Stuart, of Winchester, 
has given us the following statement on 
the subject: 

' ' I read with interest your articles on 
Woodford County, in the Register, but 
I find in the last issue that you are 
slightly in error as to Gov. Scott having 
lived in Fayette County. He married 
a very brilliant and noted lady, Mrs. 
Judith Gist, widow of Col. Nathaniel 
Gist, of Clark County, and lived at 



'Canewood,' a magnificent old estate 
near our old home in northern Clark, 
where he lived and died, and was buried, 
but by a resolution of, and appropria- 
tion by the legislature, his remains were 
later (Nov. 8, 1854) moved to Frank- 
fort, where they rest in the State lot. 

"The daughters of Mrs. Gist by the 
former marriage were prominently mar- 
ried. Jesse Bledsoe married one of them. 
Another married a Blair, and she was 
the grandmother of Frank P. and Mont- 
gomery Blair. Another married a 
Brown, and she was the mother of B. 
Gratz Brown, and still another married 
a Gratz, and they were the ancestors of 
the beautiful Miss Gratz, of Philadel- 
phia, who was the prototype of 'Re- 
becca,' in Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe. 

"Col. Gist's grant of 6,000 acres in 
Clark County cornered with the 1,000 
acre tract of my grandfather, James 
Stuart, a Revolutionary soldier from Cul- 
pepper County, Va. 

"Col. Gist sold 3,000 of his 6,000 acre 
tract to Thomas Lewis, and it is one of 
the first deeds recorded in Clark Coun- 
ty's first deed book. 

" 'Canewood' some time after the 
death of Gov. Scott and his wife, became 
the property of Matthew D. Hume, and 
is now owned in part by his descend- 
ants. ' ' 

The daughter of Col. Nathaniel Gist 
referred to above, by Col. Stuart as hav- 
ing married Francis Preston Blair, Sr., 
was Elizabeth Violet Gist. Francis P. 
Blair, Sr., edited the Frankfort Argus, 
and afterwards the Daily Globe, at 
Washington City, both papers being 
ardent supporters of Andrew Jackson 
and his policies. 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



95 



Col. Stuart is mistaken about the mar- 
riage of one of the daughters of Nathan- 
iel Gist "to a Brown." His grand- 
daughter, the daughter of Sarah Gist 
and Jesse Bledsoe, married Judge Mason 
Brown, of Frankfort. — Ed. 

Francis Preston Blair, Sr., was a son 
of James Blair and Ann Preston, of Vir- 
ginia. James Blair came to Kentucky 
with his family and practiced law at 
Frankfort. 

B. Gratz Brown, who is mentioned by 
Col. Stuart as a son of one of Col. Gist's 
daughters, was the son of Judge Mason 
Brown, of Frankfort. He removed to 
St. Louis, Mo., and was elected Governor 
of that state in 1870, and was candidate 
for the Vice Presidency on the ticket 
with Horace Greely in 1872. 

In the September, 1921, Register, page 
37, Miss Fannie Scearce is mentioned as 
a sister of Ralph Scearce. She was his 
aunt, the sister of his father, John C. 
Scearce. 

In the Hiter sketch which appeared 
in the Register of September, 1921, I 
stated on page 13, from notes in my pos- 
session, that Elizabeth Combs, who mar- 
ried Benjamin Hiter, was a sister of 
General Leslie Combs, but I was in error. 
She was a daughter of Col. Andrew 
Combs and a sister of John W. Combs, 
who was sheriff of Woodford County be- 
fore the Civil War and Provost Marshal 
during the war. Col. Andrew Combs 
and General Leslie Combs were related. 

Upon the same page I said that Porter 
Hiter and his wife died upon their estate 
near Clifton, but I am reminded that he 
died in Louisville, and his wife died in 
Missouri. 



SERGEANT WOODFILL WINS 
HONOR OF REPRESENTING 
INFANTRY ARMISTICE 
DAY. . 



General Pershing Picks Him Because of 

His Gallantry on Battlefield in 

France. 



(State Journal, 1921) 
Washington, Oct. 31 (By A. P.)— Ex- 
amination of the war records by General 
Pershing has resulted in the designation 
of Sergeant Woodfill, whose home is at 
Bellevue, Ind., but who is stationed at 
Fort Thomas, as the American infantry- 
man most entitled to represent the in- 
fantry branch of the army at the Arm- 
istice Day ceremonies for America's un- 
known soldier. 

On October 12, 1918, during the 
Meuse-Argonne offensive, Woodfill, as a 
Lieutenant, silenced three machine guns, 
killed their commanding officer and 19 
German soldiers, permitting his com- 
pany to continue its advance. 



We are in receipt of a communication 
from Mr. L. S. Pence, Lebanon, Ky., giv- 
ing copy of marriage certificate of 
Mordica Lincoln, uncle of Abraham 
Lincoln, found in the office of the county 
court clerk at Bardstown. So far as we 
are able to learn this bit of information 
relative to the Lincoln family has never 
been published. The certificate is as 
follows : 

"Nelson County, Ky., Mordica Lin- 
coln married to Mary Mudd (daughter 
ofLukeMudd) . . . 1792, by Priest 
Wm. De Rehan." 



96 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



As a general proposition happenings 
in the field of college athletics, however 
interesting, are not chronicled in the 
Register, bnt there must be one excep- 
tion to this rule. We record, therefore, 
with much pleasure, and an equal 
amount of pride, the fact that the foot- 
ball team of Centre College, Danville, 
Kentucky, on the afternoon of October 
29, 1921, in the stadium of Harvard 
University, before an audience of forty- 
three thousand people, defeated the foot- 
ball team of Harvard University, the 
score being Centre 6, Harvard 0. The 
winning touchdown was made by Alvin 
Nugent McMillin, better known to fame 
as "Bo" McMillin, certainly the great- 
est quarterback of his generation and 
perhaps the greatest all-around football 
player of all times. 



Among the recent additions to the li- 
brary of the Historical Society is a de- 
lightful little volume entitled, "Every 
Day Poems," by George Elliston, of 
Covington, Kentucky. Miss Elliston is a 
versatile young newspaper woman who 
finds time amid her busy work on a big 
daily to break into verse occasionally. 
The poems are all short, rarely running 
beyond four stanzas, and so refreshingly 
human that the reader readily concludes 
they were written as a part of Miss 
Elliston 's mental relaxation from, the 
heavy task of newspaper work, and as a 
means of exercising all the worth-while 
sentiments and emotions of her nature. 

Lovers of real poetry and who haven't 
time to read the longer and more am- 
bitious works of our present day writers, 
will find in "Every Day Poems" a rare 
charm. The little volume is from the 



press of Stewart-Kidd Company, Cin- 
cinnati, in a neat and attractive binding. 
We publish in this issue a two stanza 
poem by Miss Elliston (not contained 
in the volume) entitled "My Ken- 
tucky. ' ' 



Brief mention was made in the Sep- 
tember, 1921, issue of the gift, by Mr. 
0. M. Mather, of Hodgenville, Ky., of 
a copy of his late book, "Six Genera- 
tions of La Rues and Allied Familes. " 
Since the reference was made we have 
found time to examine the work more 
carefully, and take this occasion to ex- 
press our appreciation of it. It is not 
only a very comprehensive sketch of the 
LaRues and allied families, but it is so 
arranged as to be easily understood, 
something that can not said of all 
genealogies. 



It has been the rule of the Register 
not to carry advertisements. We are 
breaking the rule in this issue by pub- 
lishing a notice of a genealogy of the 
Boone family, recently compiled and 
published by Mrs. J. R. Spraker of Buf- 
falo, N. Y. We have done this upon the 
idea that we may be conferring a favor 
on some of our readers who might de- 
sire a copy of the work, and who might 
otherwise never hear of it. 



ARE YOU RELATED TO DANIEL 
BOONE? 



A genealogy entitled "The Boone 
Family," has been compiled by a 
descendant of this family. It contains 
the names of over 5,000 descendants of 
George and Mary Boone, grandparents 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



97 



of the famous Kentucky pioneer ; an au- 
thentic biography of Daniel Boone him- 
self written by his great-great-grandson ; 
and many bits of early Kentucky his- 
tory hitherto unpublished. ■ Undoubt- 
edly it will be of great interest to every 
Kentuekian. 

The book contains over 600 pages, 
size 7x10 inches, is profusely illustrated, 
and attractively bound in sheepskin and 
cloth. Advance subscriptions are now 
being received at the rate of $10.00 per 
volume. After January 1st the price will 
be $12.50. The edition will be limited, 
and those desiring a copy are requested 
to send their order promptly to the com- 
piler, Mrs. J. R. Spraker, 64 Dorchester 
Road, Buffalo, N. Y. 



QUERY. 

Lincoln — 

''October 5, 1810, Josiah Lincoln and 
wife, Catherine, of "Washington County, 
conveys to John Kelly 107y 2 acres." 

This Josiah Lincoln was an uncle of 
President Lincoln. Can any reader in- 
form the undersigned the full maiden 
name of Josiah Lincoln's wife? 
L. S. Pence, 

Box 76, Lebanon, Ky. 



RARE GENEALOGICAL RECORD 
IS CARRIED BY PUEBLO MAN. 



One of the rarest of genealogical cer- 
tificates is in the possession of John Asa 
Clark of this city. It is a membership 
Diploma of the Baronial Order of Run- 
nymede. There are but 277 other such 



members in the United States, and Mr. 
Clark's number is 278. 

It was originated to preserve the mem- 
ory of the chief persons who, seven hun- 
dred years ago, secured English freedom, 
and this Diploma has involved in the 
right to own it, a continuous connection 
through twenty-eight generations. It is 
the evidence of a line of descent which 
has been legally proven, from the days 
of Alfred the Great. 

The armorial bearings of the twenty- 
five families who were leaders of that 
era, are shown on the margin of the pat- 
ent. Mr. Clark has proven his relation 
to nine out of the twenty-five families. 
And such proof has been secured as 
passes the close scrutiny of the genealog- 
ical official of the society of the Order 
of Runnymede. It has taken ten years 
of research and study, and has been car- 
ried on for the most part by Mrs. Clark, 
who has made this her side line of 
mental recreation. In every library to 
which she had access, she has gathered 
here a portion and there another bit of 
information until the line is complete. 
It is an unusual piece of work, as any- 
one who has had to dig out relation- 
ship to a past ancestor, will testify. 

There are but two other members of 
this order in Colorado, Alfred W. Har- 
rison of Silverton, and Arthur Howe 
Carpenter of Denver. The search carries 
with it proof of eligibility to member- 
ship in the Sons of the Revolution, Colon- 
ial Wars and back to the enfranchising 
days of Magna Charta. And the lines 
combine and become part of the ancestry 
of princes and kings. 



98 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



Mr. John Asa Clark, who is mentioned 
in the clipping from the Pneblo Chief- 
tain, is a relative of the Clarks and 
Herndons of Kentucky. He is a sub- 
scriber of the Register and a member of 
the Historical Society. He is, and has 
been for years, principal of a large busi- 
ness college at Pueblo, Colo. 

He and his wife spent a day in our 
rooms at the old Capitol one year ago 
as they were returning from the annual 
meeting of the Rotarians which took 
place in the East. 



A KENTUCKY MUSEUM. 
(Louisville Times, Dec. 10, 1921.) 



ANCIENT CHURCH LIVES 

AGAIN ON ORIGINAL SITE. 

(Louisville Times, December 8, 1921.) 



Gilbert's Creek Baptist church, es- 
tablished in December, 1781, lives again. 
The turnpike runs over the site of the 
original log structure in Garrard county, 
but the builders of the new edifice laid 
the foundation within the old church 
yard. At a memorial service $1,250.00 
was raised and the building was dedi- 
cated free from debt. One hundred and 
forty years ago the congregation in Up- 
per Spottsylvania, Va., of which Lewis 
Craig was pastor, decided to move in a 
body to Kentucky. The 600-miles was 
made in covered wagons, and the com- 
munion service, bible and records were 
brought. Later Craig and most of his 
congregation moved on to Boonesboro, 
and the church near here dwindled and 
disbanded. The move to resuscitate the 
institution originated in 1917.— Stan- 
ford Interior Journal. 



A blue jeans frock coat, worn by a 
Kentuckian in 1820-30, makes an inter- 
esting and valuable present to the Lou- 
isville Free Public Library. The giving 
suggests that a museum of Kentucky 
heirlooms and relics could be established 
here for profit, entertainment and in- 
struction. The old Kentucky homes 
throughout the Commonwealth contain 
many available articles of sentimental 
and historical value to lovers of the state. 

From the material obtained, an early 
Kentucky home could be rebuilt. It 
would consist of logs shaped with the ax. 
It would be covered with clapboards riv- 
en with the frow; weatherboarding fas- 
tened with wooden pins ; flooring made 
from ungrooved oak; fireplace from 
roughly hewn stone; andirons from the 
hillside furnace. 

The old four-poster would grace the 
bedroom ; the spinning wheel, the wool 
carder, the shoemaker's tools, the can- 
dle molder, the bullet molder, the other 
utensils which the busy household used 
for providing the necessaries of life 
would find place in the living room. 
The kitchen would have the pot hanger, 
the meat grinder, the coffee mill, the 
turn-spit and all of the other accoutre- 
ments of the ancient cuisine. 

For the parlor there would be the 
horse-hair furniture in walnut, the cor- 
ner rack made with spools ; the old plush 
album ; the sea shell and the big hunk of 
green glass ; the daguerrotype, the fam- 
ily Bible; Fox's Lives of the Martyrs. 

Placed where they belong, respective- 
ly, would be the old bootjack, the rag 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



99 



carpet and vugs; the crazy quilt; the 
comforter; the seine, steel trap, par- 
tridge net, squirrel rifle, powder horn, 
little brown jug with corncob stopper, 
rain barrel, soap stick, Seth Thomas 
clock, Indian arrowheads. 

The museum house would have a yard 
with hollyhocks and cedars; it would 
have a tool shed with bull tongue plow 
and A-harrow ; a barn and a crib and a 
pig pen and a chicken coop; it would 
have hound dogs under the floor and a 
cat drowsing in the dog trot. There 
would be the old stone spring-house ; the 
grindstone ; the cider press and the sor- 
ghum mill; the old gray mare and the 
"yaller" mule. 

The State Fair grounds just back of 
the Merchants' and Manufacturers' 
Building is a fine site for the old Ken- 
tucky museum home. The Times would 
suggest that this plot be obtained; that 
the various counties of the state under- 
take to supply their quotas of the ma- 
terials and the labor for construction 
and for equipment ; that the press of the 
state get behind the project; that the 
Kentucky Historical Society give it 
backing. Then, when the material is 
on the ground, let us have an old-fash- 
ioned house-raising with all of the an- 
cient trimmings, barring, of course, what 
was in the little brown jug, but making 
much of the burgoo and the barbecue. 

A visit to such a museum would restore 
youth to the older generation; recall 
childhood days to the middle aged ; give 
a glimpse of what Kentucky life meant 
to the first comers and to the post-pio- 
neers. It might cost something, but it 
would be cheap at the price. 



A. C. QUISENBERRY, 71, 

SUCCUMBS IN TAMPA, FLA. 



Long an Employe in War Department — 
Was Prominent in Literary Cir- 
cles in Kentucky. 



(Washington Star, December 6, 1921.) 



Hyattsville, Md., December 5. — An- 
derson Chenault Quisenberry, seventy- 
one years old, a resident of Washington 
and Hyattsville for thirty-two years, 
died at the home of his daughter-in-law, 
Mrs. James Francis Quisenberry, in 
Tampa, Fla., last week. The body, ac- 
companied by his widow, will arrive here 
tonight. 

Mr. Quisenberry was an employe in 
the inspector general's office of the War 
Department from 1889 until October, 
1920, when he was retired. 

Born near Winchester, Ky., October 
26, 1850, and educated at Male Acad- 
emy, Winchester, and Georgetown (Ky.) 
College, Mr. Quisenberry became promi- 
nent in literary life in Kentucky. He 
was the author of several publications 
on genealogy and history, besides being 
editor of several Kentucky newspapers 
and founder of the Winchester Sun. He 
ended his journalistic career, however, 
when he came to Washington in 1889. 

Mr. Quisenberry held membership in 
a number of societies and organizations, 
including the Virginia Historical Socie- 
ty, Society for Preservation of Virginia 
Antiquities, Southern Society of Wash- 
ington, Society of Colonial Wars and 
Kentucky State Historical Society. 

Twenty years ago, Mr. Quisenberry 
moved to Hyattsville from Washington 
and until about five years ago enjoyed 



100 



Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 



excellent health. The death of his son, 
Lieut. James F. Quisenberry, in Liver- 
pool, October, 10, 1918, while on his way 
to France, is believed to have had a great 
part in destroying his health. For the 
past several years he and Mrs. Quisen- 
berry have spent the winters in Tampa. 
They left Hyattsville November 22, 
with the idea of remaining there until 
the spring. 

Mr. Quisenberry is survived by his 
widow, two daughters, Mrs. J. B. Ree- 
side, Jr., and Miss Florence E. Quisen- 
berry, both of Hyattsville, and by a son, 
Colby B. Quisenberry, of Birmingham, 
Ala. 

Funeral services will be held Thurs- 
day from his late residence, and inter- 
ment will be in the cemetery of St. 
John's Episcopal church, Beltsville. 



The above clipping from the Wash- 
ington Star reaches us just as we go to 
press. We note with deep regret the 
passing of this distinguished Kentuck- 
ian. For many years he has been a val- 
ued contributor to The Register. Al- 



though a resident of Washington City 
and Hyattsville, Md., during his latter 
years he never lost interest in his native 
state. Deeply interested in the history 
of Kentucky his connection with the War 
Department gave him access to much of 
the early military history of the state, 
found only among the archives of the 
Department, which he compiled for pub- 
lication in the Register. In this way 
much historical data of great value has 
been made accessible to the student or 
writer of Kentucky history. 



CORRECTION. 



In the article "Col. M. C. Taylor's 
Diary in Lopez Expedition" in the Sep- 
tember, 1921, issue of the Register, 
page 79, the compiler of the article refers 
to Miss Martha S. Harbison as being the 
niece of Mrs. Margaret Taylor Harbison. 
It should have stated that Miss Harbi- 
son is the daughter of Mrs. Margaret 
Taylor Harbison and the niece of Col. 
M. C. Taylor. 



INDEX. 

Page 

Census of Clark County, 1810 _.. 68 

Corrections "Woodford County Notes _ 94 

D. A. R. Conference- __ _ 89 

Donations to Historical Society _ _ 91 

Early Marriage Records of Mercer County _ 9 

Financial Statement of Historical Society „ 88 

Glimpse of Paris, Ky., in 1809_ _ _ 49 

History of the Coal Industry in Kentucky _ _ 21 

Geology of Coal Formation _ 22 

Dr. "Walker 's Discovery _..._ _ 24 

Gist Exports Coal _ _ _ 26 

Industrial Expansion _ _ _ 31 

Geological Survey Established _ _ 33 

Coal Industry Eeborn __ _ _ 34 

Labor Troubles _ _ _ _ 35 

Coal Markets „ __ 37 

Manufacture of Coke _ _ 40 

Recapitulation _ _ _ _ — _ 44 

Jackson, Miss Sally — _ _ 85 

Lafayette Portrait _ 5 

Minutes of Meeting of State Historical Society 86 

Minutes of Meeting of Executive Committee of Historical So- 
ciety _ - ~ _ 88 

Press of Harrodsburg _ 46 

Price, William Thompson „ _ 58 

Quisenberry , A. C _ _ „ 99 



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